Hidaka Hospital

Takasaki, Japan

Hidaka Hospital

Takasaki, Japan
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Yamamoto M.,Katsuta Hospital Mito Gamma House | Serizawa T.,Tokyo Gamma Unit Center | Shuto T.,Yokohama Rosai Hospital | Akabane A.,Nippon Telegraph and Telephone | And 29 more authors.
The Lancet Oncology | Year: 2014

Background: We aimed to examine whether stereotactic radiosurgery without whole-brain radiotherapy (WBRT) as the initial treatment for patients with five to ten brain metastases is non-inferior to that for patients with two to four brain metastases in terms of overall survival. Methods: This prospective observational study enrolled patients with one to ten newly diagnosed brain metastases (largest tumour <10 mL in volume and <3 cm in longest diameter; total cumulative volume ≤15 mL) and a Karnofsky performance status score of 70 or higher from 23 facilities in Japan. Standard stereotactic radiosurgery procedures were used in all patients; tumour volumes smaller than 4 mL were irradiated with 22 Gy at the lesion periphery and those that were 4-10 mL with 20 Gy. The primary endpoint was overall survival, for which the non-inferiority margin for the comparison of outcomes in patients with two to four brain metastases with those of patients with five to ten brain metastases was set as the value of the upper 95% CI for a hazard ratio (HR) of 1·30, and all data were analysed by intention to treat. The study was finalised on Dec 31, 2012, for analysis of the primary endpoint however, monitoring of stereotactic radiosurgery-induced complications and neurocognitive function assessment will continue for the censored subset until the end of 2014. This study is registered with the University Medical Information Network Clinical Trial Registry, number 000001812. Findings: We enrolled 1194 eligible patients between March 1, 2009, and Feb 15, 2012. Median overall survival after stereotactic radiosurgery was 13·9 months [95% CI 12·0-15·6] in the 455 patients with one tumour, 10·8 months [9·4-12·4] in the 531 patients with two to four tumours, and 10·8 months [9·1-12·7] in the 208 patients with five to ten tumours. Overall survival did not differ between the patients with two to four tumours and those with five to ten (HR 0·97, 95% CI 0·81-1·18 [less than non-inferiority margin], p=0·78; pnon-inferiority<0·0001). Stereotactic radiosurgery-induced adverse events occurred in 101 (8%) patients; nine (2%) patients with one tumour had one or more grade 3-4 event compared with 13 (2%) patients with two to four tumours and six (3%) patients with five to ten tumours. The proportion of patients who had one or more treatment-related adverse event of any grade did not differ significantly between the two groups of patients with multiple tumours (50 [9%] patients with two to four tumours vs 18 [9%] with five to ten; p=0·89). Four patients died, mainly of complications relating to stereotactic radiosurgery (two with one tumour and one each in the other two groups). Interpretation: Our results suggest that stereotactic radiosurgery without WBRT in patients with five to ten brain metastases is non-inferior to that in patients with two to four brain metastases. Considering the minimal invasiveness of stereotactic radiosurgery and the fewer side-effects than with WBRT, stereotactic radiosurgery might be a suitable alternative for patients with up to ten brain metastases. Funding: Japan Brain Foundation. © 2014 Elsevier Ltd.

Tamei N.,Tokyo Women's Medical University | Tamei N.,Hidaka Hospital | Ogawa T.,Tokyo Women's Medical University | Ishida H.,Hidaka Hospital | And 2 more authors.
Journal of Atherosclerosis and Thrombosis | Year: 2011

Aim: Vascular calcification is a cause of cardiovascular death in hemodialysis (HD) patients. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the relationship between the progression of aortic arch calcification (AoAC) and serum fibroblast growth factor (FGF)-23. Methods: The enrolled study subjects were 127 (83 men and 44 women) HD patients. Calcification of the aortic arch was semiquantitatively estimated with a score (AoACS) on plain chest radiology. Change in AoACS (δAoACS) was obtained by subtracting the baseline AoACS value from the follow- up AoACS value. The second assessment was performed from 5 years after the first determination. Results: The percentage of male gender in non-progressors (58.5%) was lesser than in regressors (60.0%) and progressors (74.6%). In addition, the dialysis duration in regressors (14.1±5.1 years) was shorter than in non-progressors (19.5±7.0 years) and progressors (16.8±7.5 years). Interestingly, the serum FGF-23 level in regressors (39225.5±9247.9 pg/mL) was significantly higher than in non-progressors (12896.5±26323.5 pg/mL) and progressors (14062.4±18456.8 pg/mL). Multiple regression analyses showed male gender (βvalue = 0.969, F = 5.092, p = 0.0192), serum levels of albumin (βvalue =-1.395, F = 4.541, p = 0.0296) and log FGF-23 (βvalue =0.001, F = 7.273, p = 0.0115) to be significant independent determinants of δAoACS. Conclusion: Changes in AoAC evaluated by using a simple chest radiograph are associated with serum FGF-23 levels. Excess accumulation of FGF-23 in serum may enable to inhibit the calcification process in vessel walls in chronic HD patients.

Inoue T.,Tokyo Women's Medical University | Ogawa T.,Tokyo Women's Medical University | Ishida H.,Hidaka Hospital | Ando Y.,Hidaka Hospital | Nitta K.,Tokyo Women's Medical University
Heart and Vessels | Year: 2012

Vascular calcification is associated with cardiovascular disease in hemodialysis (HD) patients. Some reports have previously shown that simple assessment of aortic calcification using plain radiography is associated with cardiovascular (CV) events; however, these studies simply assessed whether aortic calcification was present or absent only, without considering its extent. Here, we evaluated the validity of grading aortic arch calcification (AoAC) to predict new CV events. We retrospectively reviewed chest X-rays in 212 asymptomatic HD patients who underwent measurement of pulse wave velocity (PWV) in 2006 without a past history of CV events. The extent of AoAC was divided into four grades (0-3). Among these subjects, the follow-up of CV events in 197 patients was completed. At baseline, AoAC grade was positively associated with age, dialysis vintage, PWV and parathyroid hormone levels, and negatively correlated with body weight and body mass index. Arterial stiffness, as determined by PWV, was also correlated with increasing AoAC grade. Eighty-nine CV events in total occurred during a mean follow-up period of 69 ± 45 months. With multivariate adjustment, Kaplan-Meier analysis showed that the incidence was significantly higher in patients with higher AoAC grade (grades 2 and 3) than in those with grade 0 or 1 (p = 0.013, log-rank test). Multivariate Cox proportional hazards analyses showed the predictive values of AoAC grade were significant (hazard ratio 1.512; p = 0.0351). AoAC detectable on chest X-ray is a strong independent predictor of CV events in accordance with PWV. Risk stratification by assessment of AoAC may provide important information for management of atherosclerotic disease in HD patients. © 2011 Springer.

Tsuchiya K.,Tokyo Women's Medical University | Nagano N.,Hidaka Hospital | Nitta K.,Tokyo Women's Medical University
Contributions to Nephrology | Year: 2015

The sequential bone disorders, serum parameter abnormalities and vascular calcification that are associated with chronic kidney disease (CKD) have come to be generally known as CKD-mineral bone disorder (MBD). Klotho, a causative protein of aging, and fibroblast growth factor 23 (FGF23), a bone-derived phosphaturic factor, have been reported to be involved in CKD-MBD, and their relationship to the pathophysiology of this disease is gradually being elucidated. Klotho functions as a cofactor of FGF receptors and has been reported to cause FGF23 action and specificity in the kidney. In addition, the presence of secreted Klotho in membrane protein fractions has been determined, and its specific actions are now garnering attention. FGF23, in cooperation with Klotho, inhibits phosphate reabsorption and vitamin D production at the kidney. Blood Klotho and FGF23 levels have been reported to increase beginning at the early stages of CKD, and these factors are receiving attention as new surrogate markers that are reported to be related to life expectancy. In this chapter, we summarize and outline the pathophysiology of Klotho and FGF23 in CKD-MBD as well as important points that are starting to influence clinical practice. © 2015 S. Karger AG, Basel.

Amemiya N.,Tokyo Women's Medical University | Ogawa T.,Tokyo Women's Medical University | Otsuka K.,Tokyo Women's Medical University | Ando Y.,Hidaka Hospital | Nitta K.,Tokyo Women's Medical University
Journal of Atherosclerosis and Thrombosis | Year: 2011

Aim: Although serum albumin and C-reactive protein (CRP) levels and pulse wave velocity (PWV) are known to be associated with the clinical outcome of hemodialysis (HD) patients, it is unknown which of these parameters are more predictive of the long-term mortality of such patients. Methods: We measured biochemical parameters, including serum albumin and CRP, and the PWV of 202 patients on maintenance HD therapy and followed their course for 4 years, and 186 of the patients were enrolled in the current study analyses. We divided the 186 patients into three tertiles according to their serum albumin and CRP levels and PWV values, and conducted multivariate analyses to examine the impact of the tertiles on 4-year mortality. Results: Twenty-three (12.4%) patients died during the follow-up period, and the serum albumin of the group that died was significantly lower than in the group that survived, but the CRP levels and PWV were significantly higher in the group that died. The results of Kaplan-Meier analyses revealed a significantly higher risk of all-cause mortality in HD patients with higher CRP based on the results of Cox proportional hazards analyses; however, the serum albumin and PWV values were not associated with all-cause mortality. Conclusion: The results of this study suggest that serum CRP levels are a better mortality predictor than serum albumin or PWV values of chronic HD patients.

Nitta K.,Tokyo Women's Medical University | Nagano N.,Hidaka Hospital | Tsuchiya K.,Tokyo Women's Medical University
Nephron - Clinical Practice | Year: 2014

Fibroblast growth factor-23 (FGF23) is a bone-derived hormone that regulates phosphate and 1,25-hydroxyvitamin D [1,25(OH)2D] metabolism. FGF23 binds to FGF receptor 1 with its coreceptor Klotho and maintains serum phosphate levels within the normal range by increasing renal phosphate excretion. In addition, FGF23 reduces the synthesis and accelerates the degradation of 1,25(OH)2D to reduce intestinal phosphate absorption. Moreover, FGF23 acts at the parathyroid gland to decrease parathyroid hormone synthesis and secretion. In chronic kidney disease (CKD), serum FGF23 levels rise exponentially as renal function declines long before a significant increase in serum phosphate concentration occurs. Although there is room for argument, FGF23 and Klotho are recently reported contributors to vascular calcification. Finally, prospective observational studies have shown that serum FGF23 concentrations predict mortality not only among dialysis patients but among predialysis CKD patients. In addition to being a coreceptor for FGF23, Klotho circulates as an endocrine substance and exerts a multitude of effects. This review describes recent advances in research on the FGF23-Klotho axis in CKD. © 2014 S. Karger AG, Basel.

Nobusawa S.,Gunma University | Hirato J.,Gunma University | Kurihara H.,National Hospital Organization Takasaki General Medical Center | Ogawa A.,National Hospital Organization Takasaki General Medical Center | And 7 more authors.
Brain Pathology | Year: 2014

Epithelioid glioblastoma is among the rarest variants of glioblastoma and is not formally recognized in the World Health Organization classification; it is composed of monotonous, discohesive sheets of small, round cells with eccentric nuclei and eosinophilic cytoplasm devoid of cytoplasmic stellate processes, showing the retention of nuclear staining of INI-1 protein. Here, we report a case involving a 22-year-old man with a right occipital lobe tumor, which comprised mainly epithelioid tumor cells with a small area of diffusely infiltrating less atypical astrocytoma cells showing a lower cell density. Array comparative genomic hybridization separately performed for each histologically distinct component demonstrated eight shared copy number alterations (CNAs) and three CNAs observed only in epithelioid cells; one of the latter was a homozygous deletion of a tumor suppressor gene, LSAMP, at 3q13.31. BRAF V600E mutation was observed both in epithelioid tumor cells and in diffusely infiltrating less atypical astrocytoma cells. Our findings suggest that the regional loss of LSAMP led to the aggressive nature of epithelioid cells in the present case of epithelioid glioblastoma. © 2013 International Society of Neuropathology.

Kurosawa K.,Hidaka Hospital | Tsuchiya I.,Hidaka Hospital | Takagishi K.,Hidaka Hospital
Journal of Hand Surgery | Year: 2013

Purpose: Dorsal subluxation of the base of the first metacarpal is a typical finding in trapezial-metacarpal (TM) osteoarthritis. The purpose of this study was to clarify the correlation between dorsal subluxation and articular tilt of the metacarpal facet in TM osteoarthritis. Methods: We investigated 50 subjects between 25 and 70 years of age (mean, 45 ± 11 y) with normal thumbs (100 hands) and 98 subjects between 43 and 89 years of age (mean, 61 ± 11 y) with TM osteoarthritis (132 hands). We established 3 groups: normal (normal thumbs), mild arthritis (40 hands, Eaton stage 1 or 2), and severe arthritis (92 hands, Eaton stage 3 or 4). We took sagittal-plane radiographs of all TM joints. We defined the dorsal subluxation angle as the angle formed by a tangent drawn on the dorsal margin of the first metacarpal base and trapezium and the longitudinal axis of the second metacarpal. The facet angle was defined as the complementary angle between the tangent to the dorsal cortex of the first metacarpal and the line of the metacarpal facet of the TM joint. We compared the dorsal subluxation angle and facet angle between groups and investigated the correlation between these angles among the 132 hands with TM osteoarthritis. Results: Both the dorsal subluxation angle and facet angle were significantly greater in the mild arthritis group than in the normal group and significantly greater in the severe arthritis group than in the mild arthritis group. A significant moderately positive correlation was also apparent between dorsal subluxation and facet angle in patients with TM osteoarthritis. Conclusions: Articular tilt and dorsal subluxation of the first metacarpal base are closely related, and both are increased with advanced-stage TM osteoarthritis. Type of study/level of evidence: Therapeutic III. © 2013 American Society for Surgery of the Hand.

Kurosawa K.,Hidaka Hospital
Hand surgery : an international journal devoted to hand and upper limb surgery and related research : journal of the Asia-Pacific Federation of Societies for Surgery of the Hand | Year: 2011

Intraosseous epidermoid cyst of the finger phalanx is rare. We report a case of postoperative recurrent intraosseous epidermoid cyst of the distal phalanx of the ring finger. To prevent further recurrence while maintaining morphology and function, the distal half of the distal phalanx that included the epidermoid cyst was resected to completely remove the lesion. The distal phalanx was then reconstructed by grafting corticocancellous bone from the ilium and shaped into a distal phalanx. The operation was performed using a through-the-nail approach, temporarily removing the nail and placing a longitudinal incision in the nail bed to approach the phalanx. Postoperatively, bone fusion was achieved without recurrence and the shape of the distal phalanx was normal. Distal phalangeal hypertrophy and nail plate deformity also normalized and excellent results were obtained.

No prospective study of gamma knife thalamotomy for intractable tremor has previously been reported. To clarify the safety and optimally effective conditions for performing unilateral gamma knife (GK) thalamotomy for tremors of Parkinson disease (PD) and essential tremor (ET), a systematic postirradiation 24-month follow-up study was conducted at 6 institutions. We present the results of this multicenter collaborative trial. In total, 72 patients (PD characterized by tremor, n = 59; ET, n = 13) were registered at 6 Japanese institutions. Following our selective thalamotomy procedure, the lateral part of the ventralis intermedius nucleus, 45% of the thalamic length from the anterior tip, was selected as the GK isocenter. A single 130-Gy shot was applied using a 4-mm collimator. Evaluation included neurological examination, magnetic resonance imaging and/or computerized tomography, the unified Parkinson's disease rating scale (UPDRS), electromyography, medication change, and video observations. Final clinical effects were favorable. Of 53 patients who completed 24 months of follow-up, 43 were evaluated as having excellent or good results (81.1%). UPDRS scores showed tremor improvement (parts II and III). Thalamic lesion size fluctuated but converged to either an almost spherical shape (65.6%), a sphere with streaking (23.4%), or an extended high-signal zone (10.9%). No permanent clinical complications were observed. GK thalamotomy is an alternative treatment for intractable tremors of PD as well as for ET. Less invasive intervention may be beneficial to patients.

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