Miltenyi Z.,Debrecen University |
Barna S.,Scanomed Ltd |
Garai I.,Scanomed Ltd |
Simon Z.,Debrecen University |
And 7 more authors.
Neoplasma | Year: 2015
Very few studies have determined the prognostic value of interim and restaging PET/CT in patients with Hodgkin lymphoma using current standard of care therapy outside clinical trials. We analyzed the effect of the results of interim and restaging PET/CT on the survival (overall- and relapse-free) in patients who received standard first-line treatment based on the stage of disease and risk factors. We investigated the differences between the relapse and non-relapse groups based on the clinical pathological characteristics of patients who had positive interim PET/CT results. Between January 1, 2007 and December 31, 2011, the staging, interim and restaging PET/CT scans of patients with Hodgkin lymphoma were analyzed. The Deauville criteria were used for the evaluation of interim PET/CT scans. One hundred and thirteen Hodgkin lymphoma patients underwent staging, interim and restaging PET/CT scans. None of the therapy was modified based on the interim PET/CT results. The median follow-up time was 43.5 months. A total of 62 early stage patients and 51 advanced stage patients were identified. The five-year overall survival rates were 93.4% in the interim PET negative group and 58% in the interim PET positive group (p<0.001). The five-year relapse-free survival rates for the negative and positive groups were 92.7% and 40.8%, respectively (p<0.001). The negative predictive value was 100% in the early stage group and 82.35% in the advanced stage group. By comparison, the positive predictive values were 53.8% and 58.8%, respectively, in these two groups. In the interim PET positive group, patients over 40 years of age had a significantly higher probability of relapse (p=0.057). The routine clinical use of interim PET/CT is highly recommended based on our investigation. However, patients with positive interim PET/CT results required frequent additional evaluations. © 2015, Cancer Research Institute Slovak Acad. of Sciences. All rights reserved.
Meggyesi N.,National Diagnostics |
Kozma A.,St Istvan St Laszlo Hospital |
Halm G.,St Istvan St Laszlo Hospital |
Nahajevszky S.,St Istvan St Laszlo Hospital |
And 12 more authors.
Acta Haematologica | Year: 2012
Background: Additional chromosome abnormalities (ACAs), mutations of the BCR-ABL tyrosine kinase domain (TKD) and BCR-ABL splice variants may cause resistance to first- and second-generation tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs) in chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML) and Philadelphia-positive (Ph+) acute lymphoid leukemia (ALL). Methods: Karyotyping and BCR-ABL TKD mutation screening were performed in 71 imatinib-resistant CML patients and 6 Ph+ ALL patients. A total of 56 out of these 77 patients received second-generation TKI. Results: ACAs were present in 30 of 65 imatinib-resistant patients (46%). In 27 of 74 imatinib-resistant patients (36%), 15 different BCR-ABL TKD mutations were detected. Mutations were found in 25% of chronic-phase patients (12/47), 33% of accelerated-phase patients (5/15), 71% of blast crisis CML patients (5/7) and 100% of ALL patients. In nilotinib-resistant patients, Y253H, T315I and F359I/V mutations were detected; in dasatinib-resistant patients, L248M, E279K and T315I mutations were detected. T315I was found more frequently in patients on dasatinib than on imatinib therapy. The presence of ACAs predicted shorter survival during first- and second-generation TKI therapy, while TKD mutations only influenced survival during second-generation TKI therapy. Conclusion: For patients with TKI resistance, mutation and ACA screening may play a role in identifying patients with poorer prognosis. Copyright © 2011 S. Karger AG, Basel.