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Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina

Samic D.,Herzegovina University
Archnet-IJAR | Year: 2014

This study aims to investigate three characteristic representational typologies in Sarajevo, in regard to Henri Lefebvre's theory of "Production of Space." Representational typologies are considered as a tool in the hands of power holders capable of influencing, motivating or manipulating wider population. The comparative analysis of the deterministic link between the social system and architecture will be examined in order to highlight the universal qualities of architecture capable of outliving the liminal momentum of transitions from one socio-political system to another. © 2014 Archnet-IJAR, International Journal of Architectural Research.

Alajbegovic A.,Herzegovina University
Medicinski arhiv | Year: 2011

Multiple sclerosis (MS) manifests also with the symptoms of affective disorders. Depression is the most common mental disorder among patients with MS and it has negative impact on their working ability, social relations and quality of life. The aim of this study is to investigate gender, age, marital status, education level and employment related to patients with depressive symptoms in population of MS, treated at the Department of Neurology, Clinical Center University of Sarajevo. In the study it was analyzed 50 randomly selected patients with various types of multiple sclerosis. Severity of depression was evaluated using the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI). The study included 33 female and 17 male patients aged 21 to 60 years. In the sample of MS patients there were 56% with depressive disorder. There is no statistically significant difference between patients gender. Depression is more frequent among younger and middle age patients, while all the patients older than 51 years are in a normal mood (total 31.9%). Significantly higher percentage of non-depressive patients (72.2%) are married, while depression is present among all divorced patients (10.7%), majority of single (35.8%) and widowers (21.4%). Taking into consideration level of education, there is a statistically significant difference as follows: depression is more frequent among patients who graduated university (46.4%) and secondary school (50%) compared to ones who finished only primary school (3.6%). There is significantly higher number of unemployed and retired patients with depressive symptoms (75%) in comparison to the employed ones. Depression occurs more frequently among MS patients who are younger, unemployed, highly educated and without spouse. There is no statistically significant difference between male and female patients.

Zia-Ul-Haq M.,University of Karachi | Cavar S.,Herzegovina University | Qayum M.,Abdul Wali Khan University Mardan | Imran I.,Bahauddin Zakariya University | de Feo V.,University of Salerno
International Journal of Molecular Sciences | Year: 2011

Capparis decidua is one of the traditional remedies used for various medicinal treatments in Pakistan. This study presents the determination of proximate composition, amino acids, fatty acids, tocopherols, sterols, glucosinolate and phenolic content in extracts obtained from different aerial parts of C. decidua, as well as their antidiabetic and antioxidant activity. All examined extracts were prominently rich in phenolics and glucosinates, and they showed potent antidiabetic and antihemolytic activity. The present study could be helpful in developing medicinal preparations for the treatment of diabetes and related symptoms. © 2011 by the authors; licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.

Matic P.,Herzegovina University | Vukosavic S.N.,University of Belgrade
Advances in Electrical and Computer Engineering | Year: 2011

The paper describes sensorless speed controlled continuous Direct Torque Control (DTC) Induction Motor (IM) drive in the field weakening regime. Drive comprises an inner torque loop and an outer speed loop. Torque control is based on Proportional - Integral (PI) controller with adaptive Gain Scheduling (GS) parameters. The GS PI control provides full DC link voltage utilization and a robust disturbance rejection along with a fast torque response. Outer speed loop has a PI regulator with the gains selected so as to obtain a fast and strictly aperiodic response. Proposed drive fully utilizes the available DC bus voltage. The paper comprises analytical considerations, simulation results, and detailed description of the implementation steps. Experimental verification of the proposed solution is conducted on a fixed point Digital Signal Processor (DSP) platform. © 2011 AECE.

Benign prostatic hyperplasia is one of the most common diseases in older men. The objective of this study was to evaluate the impact of the surgical treatment of the benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) with the methods of open prostatectomy (OP) and transurethral resection of the prostate (TURP) on the quality of life. The research material was based on 80 patients, out of whom 40 patients were treated with the method of open prostatectomy (Group A), and the other 40 patients with the method of transurethral resection of prostate gland (Group B) due to benign prostatic hyperplasia. All patients were under the age of 80 years old (approximate age in Group A 70.23 with variation interval of 21 years old, and in Group B 69.37 with variation interval of 22 years old), with the International Prostate Symptom Score (IPSS) value >19 points, postvoid residual urine higher than 150 ml, the weight of benign prostatic gland hyperplasia tissue over 30 grams for method of prostate transurethral resection, and over 80 grams for the method of open prostatectomy. The quantification of the quality of life, as a consequence of urinary symptoms, was done by the Quality of Life Index (QLI) which is question No 8 in IPSS. All patients were determined the value of this score before the operation, and then in postoperative period in time intervals of 4.8 and 12 weeks. The QLI arithmetic mean, before the operation, was 5.55 points in Group A, and 5.45 points in Group B. During postoperative checkups in time intervals of 4.8 and 12 weeks, the arithmetic means in Group A were 0.975, 0.450 and 0.100 points, and in Group B 1.850, 1.700 and 1.575 points. By analyzing the obtained results, there was a highly statistically significant difference between preoperative test results and the results during all the postoperative checkups in both groups, A and B. By testing the difference of the QLI arithmetic mean between the patients in both groups, preoperatively there was no statistically significant difference, but during all postoperative checkups, there was a highly statistically significant difference between the test values. The surgical treatment of BPH leads to significant improvement of the quality of life, as a consequence of urinary symptoms. The improvement of the quality of life was more evident in patients whose BPH was treated with the OP method.

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