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Wu X.,University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences | Wu X.,Hershey Company | Schauss A.G.,Meridian Life Sciences, Inc.
Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry | Year: 2012

Constant overproduction of pro-inflammatory molecules leads to chronic inflammation. Unlike acute inflammation, which is essential for healing, chronic inflammation can delay healing and, if left unchecked, contribute to a host of diseases. There is growing evidence that some dietary factors can play important roles in maintaining health and even reversing the progression of chronic diseases, with anti-inflammatory effects as important underlying mechanism. Such findings add to the body of evidence that certain dietary components, including polyphenols and other types of compounds, found in various dietary factors including fruits, berries, vegetables, nuts, whole grains, and foods of marine origin, can play an important role in attenuating and mitigating chronic pro-inflammatory processes associated with chronic diseases. © 2012 American Chemical Society. Source


Motwani T.,Pennsylvania State University | Hanselmann W.,Hershey Company | Hanselmann W.,ETH Zurich | Anantheswaran R.C.,Pennsylvania State University
Journal of Food Engineering | Year: 2011

This study investigated the diffusion of peanut oil and counter-diffusion of cocoa butter when cylindrical tempered or untempered samples, composed of cocoa butter with or without addition of cocoa powder, were suspended in peanut oil and stored at 23 °C. Oil migration kinetics was monitored using a novel pipette technique while diffusion and counter-diffusion were measured using gas chromatography. Tempering significantly lowered (p 0.05) the peanut oil diffusion in the samples but did not influence the counter-diffusion of cocoa butter in peanut oil. Addition of cocoa powder at a volume fraction of 0.45 significantly increased (p 0.05) peanut oil diffusion and decreased counter-diffusion. Due to the ingress of peanut oil, the solid fat content of tempered and untempered cocoa butter samples dropped from 75% to 59% after 7 weeks and resulted in corresponding dimensional changes in the samples which were also measured using image analysis. Diffusion, counter-diffusion and lipid phase changes were combined to develop a mass balance model to predict the volume changes occurring during oil migration. © 2010 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. Source


Su M.,Florida State University | Su M.,China Womens University | Venkatachalam M.,Florida State University | Venkatachalam M.,Hershey Company | And 4 more authors.
Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry | Year: 2013

A sandwich enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) using anti-almond soluble protein rabbit polyclonal antibodies as capture antibodies and murine monoclonal antibody 4C10 as the detection antibodies was developed. The assay is specific and sensitive (3-200 ng almond protein/mL) for almond detection. The standardized assay is accurate (<15% CV) and reproducible (intra- and inter assay variability <15% CV). The assay did not register any cross-reactivity with the tested food matrices, suggesting the assay to be almond amandin specific. The assay could detect the presence of declared almond in the tested matched commercial samples. Further, the assay reliably detected the presence of almonds in the laboratory prepared food samples spiked with almond flour. © 2013 American Chemical Society. Source


Miller D.,Hershey Company
Food Science and Technology | Year: 2010

The government in the UK has taken several steps in order to address the issues pertaining to the obesity that is considered to be the top nutritional concern for the country. The issue of obesity and its associated chronic diseases such as heart disease, diabetes and even some cancers are the result of poor food choices and insufficient physical activity. The schools in the US have been federally mandated to implement wellness policies and many have removed vending machines with soda and candy. The health care bill may require all foods sold through vending machines to provide some level of nutritional information that is visible outside the machine. The FDA renounced the use of nutrient-profiling health symbols and other healthy icons/indicators on the front of food packages designed to provide quick nutritional assessments for concerned consumers until the clarity and usage of such devices has been investigated. The FDA encourages the use of naturally-occurring nutrients such as nuts, dried fruits, leathers, and yogurt in the confectionery products. Source


Calhoun S.,American Peanut Council | Post L.,Mars Chocolate North America | Warren B.,Land OLakes Inc. | Thompson S.,Hershey Company | Bontempo A.R.,Kraft Foods Inc.
Journal of Food Protection | Year: 2013

Recalls and/or outbreaks associated with Salmonella contamination in peanut-containing products were reported over the past several years. There are very limited data available on the prevalence and concentration of Salmonella on raw shelled peanuts in the United States. The objectives of this study were to estimate the prevalence of Salmonella on raw shelled peanuts in the United States and to estimate that concentration of Salmonella. Samples of Runner- and Virginia-type raw shelled peanuts from the 2008, 2009, and 2010 crop years were proportionately sampled from each growing region, based on 2007 production volume. Of 944 raw shelled peanut samples (375 g each), 22 (2.33%) were positive for Salmonella by the VIDAS Salmonella assay. Salmonella serovars identified in this study included Agona, Anatum, Braenderup, Dessau, Hartford, Meleagridis, Muenchen, Rodepoort, Tennessee, and Tornow. The concentration levels of Salmonella in positive samples, as determined by a mostprobable- number assay, were <0.03 to 2.4 MPN/g. These data will be useful when designing and validating processes for the reduction or elimination of Salmonella in peanuts and/or peanut-containing products. © International Association for Food Protection. Source

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