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Been L.F.,The University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center | Ralhan S.,Hero Dayanand Medical College and Heart Institute | Wander G.S.,Hero Dayanand Medical College and Heart Institute | Mehra N.K.,All India Institute of Medical Sciences | And 4 more authors.
BMC Medical Genetics | Year: 2011

Background: Polymorphisms in intron 15 of potassium voltage-gated channel, KQT-like subfamily member 1 (KCNQ1) gene have been associated with type II diabetes (T2D) in Japanese genome-wide association studies (GWAS). More recently a meta-analysis of European GWAS has detected a new independent signal associated with T2D in intron 11 of the KCNQ1 gene. The purpose of this investigation is to examine the role of these variants with T2D in populations of Asian Indian descent from India and the US.Methods: We examined the association between four variants in the KCNQ1 gene with T2D and related quantitative traits in a total of 3,310 Asian Indian participants from two different cohorts comprising 2,431 individuals of the Punjabi case-control cohort from the Sikh Diabetes Study and 879 migrant Asian Indians living in the US.Results: Our data confirmed the association of a new signal at the KCNQ1 locus (rs231362) with T2D showing an allelic odds ratio (OR) of 1.24 95%CI [1.08-1.43], p = 0.002 in the Punjabi cohort. A moderate association with T2D was also seen for rs2237895 in the Punjabi (OR 1.14; p = 0.036) and combined cohorts (meta-analysis OR 1.14; p = 0.018). Three-site haplotype analysis of rs231362, rs2237892, rs2237895 exhibited considerably stronger evidence of association of the GCC haplotype with T2D showing OR of 1.24 95%CI [1.00-1.53], p = 0.001, permutation p = 8 × 10-4in combined cohorts. The 'C' risk allele carriers of rs2237895 had significantly reduced measures of HOMA-B in the US cohort (p = 0.008) as well as in combined cohort in meta-analysis (p = 0.009).Conclusions: Our investigation has confirmed that the variation within the KCNQ1 locus confers a significant risk to T2D among Asian Indians. Haplotype analysis further suggested that the T2D risk associated with KCNQ1 SNPs may be derived from 'G' allele of rs231362 and 'C' allele of rs2237895 and this appears to be mediated through β cell function. © 2011 Been et al; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. Source

Been L.F.,The University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center | Nath S.K.,Oklahoma Medical Research Foundation | Ralhan S.K.,Hero Dayanand Medical College and Heart Institute | Wander G.S.,Hero Dayanand Medical College and Heart Institute | And 4 more authors.
Obesity | Year: 2010

Recent genome-wide association studies (GWAS) in Asian Indians reported strong associations of variants near melanocortin-4 receptor (MC4R) and MLX interacting protein-like (MLXIPL) genes with insulin resistance and several obesity-related quantitative traits (QTs). Here, we evaluated the association of two variants (rs12970134 and rs4450508) near MC4R and a nonsynonymous (Gln241His) variant (rs3812316) in MLXIPL gene with type 2 diabetes (T2D) and obesity-related QTs in our case-control cohort (n = 1,528; 745 T2D cases and 783 controls) from a Sikh population from North India. We have successfully replicated the association of MC4R (rs12970134) with BMI (P = 0.0005), total weight (WT) (P = 0.001), and waist circumference (WC) (P = 0.001). These associations remained significant after controlling for multiple testing by applying Bonferroni's correction. However, our data did not confirm the association of rs3812316 in the MLXIPL gene with triglyceride (TG) levels. These observations demonstrate that the genetic variation in MC4R locus can have a moderate contribution in the regional fat deposition and development of central obesity in Asian Indians. © 2009 The Obesity Society. Source

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