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Hensle T.W.,Columbia University | Deibert C.M.,Herbert Irving Cancer Center
Urologic Clinics of North America | Year: 2012

Congenital abnormalities of the genitourinary system have a definable durable impact on the adult lives of those individuals affected, despite prompt and appropriate surgical and medical intervention during infancy and childhood. Three abnormalities are described, including relatively common problems of the newborn male, such as hypospadias and cryptorchidism, as well as a less common issue, posterior urethral valves. An understanding and awareness of the consequences of these 3 congenital abnormalities is paramount for the long-term care of the pediatric patient as he transitions to adolescence and adulthood. © 2012 Elsevier Inc. Source

Saif M.W.,Herbert Irving Cancer Center | Saif M.W.,Columbia University
Expert Opinion on Drug Safety | Year: 2011

Hand-foot syndrome (HFS), or palmar-plantar erythrodysesthesia, is a common side effect in patients taking long-term 5-fluorouracil treatment and is the most frequently reported side effect of oral capecitabine therapy (≥ 50% of patients). Although the pathogenesis of HFS is not fully understood, it may be due to damaged deep capillaries in the soles of the feet and palms of the hands, leading to a COX inflammatory-type reaction, or related to enzymes involved in the metabolism of capecitabine, namely, thymidine phosphorylase and dihydropyrimidine dehydrogenase. Ethnic variations in the clinical manifestation of HFS warrant further attention, and an alternative system for grading HFS in non-white patients has been proposed. In addition to treatment interruption and dose reduction, supportive treatments can help alleviate symptoms. Because capecitabine is an oral therapy administered at home, it is crucial that patients understand the importance of complying with treatment, be aware of the possibility of HFS, and inform the doctor or nurse immediately if symptoms of HFS develop. Several cases of HFS are presented. © 2011 Informa UK, Ltd. Source

Dreicer R.,Cleveland Clinic | Bajorin D.F.,Cornell University | Bajorin D.F.,Sloan Kettering Cancer Center | McLeod D.G.,U.S. Army | And 3 more authors.
Urology | Year: 2011

Until the 1980s, testosterone suppression for men with advanced prostate cancer was managed surgically, with bilateral orchiectomy, or medically, with diethylstilbestrol, a drug that was associated with a problematic side effect profile. Beginning in the mid-1980s, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration approved the first luteinizing hormone-releasing hormone agonists, which proved effective for suppressing circulating testosterone levels and led to a significant shift away from surgical castration to medical management during the past 25 years. The luteinizing hormone-releasing hormone agonists resulted in a periodic return of noncastrate testosterone levels once the receptor desensitization attenuated and the effect of androgen agonism resumed. Therefore, the introduction of an androgen receptor antagonist (gonadotropin-releasing hormone antagonist) appeared, conceptually at least, to be a preferable alternative. The first such agent, degarelix, has proved to provide rapid testosterone suppression without the initial testosterone surge associated with luteinizing hormone-releasing hormone agonists. Other new agents in early development include a selective and irreversible inhibitor of CYP17, abiraterone, which has shown success in patients with castration-resistant metastatic prostate cancer, and MDV3100, a novel small molecule that acts as an oral nonsteroidal antiandrogen agent. In sum, these latest agents might lead to a paradigm shift in the treatment of patients with advanced prostate cancer; however, additional studies are required to clarify the many questions that remain regarding the optimal use and sequence of these agents. © 2011 Published by Elsevier Inc. Source

Phillips A.A.,Columbia University | Phillips A.A.,Herbert Irving Cancer Center | Shapira I.,Hofstra University | Willim R.D.,Herbert Irving Cancer Center | And 13 more authors.
Cancer | Year: 2010

BACKGROUND: To define the clinicopathologic and prognostic features of patients with human T-cell lymphotropic virus type-1 (HTLV-1)-associated adult T-cell leukemia/lymphoma (ATLL) in North America, standard criteria were used to identify patients with ATLL. METHODS: Statistical analyses used included descriptive statistics, Kaplan-Meir survival analysis, and recursive partitioning. RESULTS: Eighty-nine patients were identified between August 1992 and May 2007, including 37 (41.6%) males and 52 (58.4%) females with a median age of 50 years (range, 22-82 years). All but 6 patients had immigrated to the United States from the Caribbean, Latin America, or Africa. The acute subtype predominated (68.5%). The majority of patients received a combination-alkylator- based chemotherapy regimen in the front-line setting (72.6%). The most common regimen was cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, vincristine, and prednisone at standard doses or attenuated and/or with methotrexate (CHOP-like), which produced an overall response rate of 64.1%. Despite initial responses to therapy, the median overall survival for all subtypes was 24 weeks (range, 0.9-315 weeks). Although the International Prognostic Index and Prognostic Index for peripheral T-cell lymphoma unspecified identified subsets of patients, these models were not completely predictive. A recursive partitioning analysis was performed on the data, which successfully identified 3 prognostic categories based on Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group performance status, stage, age, and calcium level at diagnosis. CONCLUSIONS: This series proposed a new prognostic model for patients with HTLV-1-associated ATLL and confirmed a poor outcome for these patients in North America. © 2010 American Cancer Society. Source

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