Herbal Research and Development Institute

Uttarakhand, India

Herbal Research and Development Institute

Uttarakhand, India
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Malik A.R.,Regional Agricultural Research Station KVK SKUAST K | Siddique M.A.A.,Medicinal and Aromatic Plants | Sofi P.A.,SKUAST K | Butola J.S.,Herbal Research and Development Institute
Research Journal of Medicinal Plant | Year: 2011

The present study reports ethno-medicinal uses and conservation status of medicinal plants in the northern region of Kashmir Himalayas. Surveys were conducted in district Baramulla and Kupwara for documentation of traditional knowledge and practices (mode of administration and dosages) of medicinal plants. Eighty medicinal plant species (69 herbs, 7 shrubs and 2 trees), representing 43 families and 72 genus, were recorded to be used under traditional health care system. Amongst the species, 71 species were collected from the wild, 4 species from cultivation and 5 species from both the sources. An IUCN criterion based assessment of conservation status of these species showed 9 species as Critically endangered, 14 Endangered, 24 Vulnerable, 28 Rare and only 5 Secure in study the region. Likewise other parts of the IHR, wild populations of medicinal plants of this region are under severe pressure of over-harvesting coupled with over grazing. Moreover, the prevalent practice of premature harvesting of the whole plant is leading to unrecoverable loss of their germplasm. The present communication also depicts market chain of medicinal plant trade in the region which is highly unregulated and lacking equitable share of benefits. Keeping all above issues in mind, an appropriate strategy and action plan for the conservation and sustainable utilization of medicinal plants of the region need to be formulated and implemented, effectively. © 2011 Academic Journals Inc.

Andola H.C.,Herbal Research and Development Institute | Rawal R.S.,Gb Pant Institute Of Himalayan Environment And Development | Bhatt I.D.,G B Pant Institute Of Himalayan Environment And Development
Food Research International | Year: 2011

Nutritional and anti-nutritional factors of five Berberis species, widely known for their wild edible fruits and medicinal properties, were investigated in the Indian west Himalaya. These fruits contained high content of fiber (pulp 7.0-8.1%; seeds 4.4-5.3%), protein (pulp 4.7-7.2%; seeds 5.9-8.5%) and fat (pulp 2.6-4.0%; seeds 4.6-5.3%) as compared to most of the known wild edibles in the region. They, however, contained reasonably lower food energy, largely due to low carbohydrate content. All the five species emerged as good source of minerals, especially Ca and K. The values of various nutrient and mineral elements varied significantly among species, which implies potential of different species can be harnessed for diverse attributes. The fruits, however, possessed anti-nutritional factors like tannins and phytic acid, which need to be tackled appropriately while considering these fruits for value addition as health food. © 2010 Elsevier Ltd.

Kuniyal C.P.,Herbal Research and Development Institute | Butola J.S.,Dr. Y.S. Parmar University of Horticulture and Forestry | Sundriyal R.C.,GB Pant Institute of Himalayan Environment and Development
South African Journal of Botany | Year: 2013

Terminalia bellerica Roxb. (Belleric Myrobalan, Vern. - Baheda, Sanskrit-Vibhitaki, Family: Combretaceae) is among multipurpose tree species in India. The dried pulp of the seeds being used for the preparation of an ancient herbal formulation called Triphala (in Hindi). Seed size is considered a useful attribute for the propagation of valuable trees. The effect of seed size on seedling emergence in T. bellerica was studied under nursery conditions. Emergence of seedlings from large (mean dry weight1.18±0.02 g), medium (0.95±0.03 g) and small seeds (0.76±0.03 g) varied significantly (LSD. Sin p<0.05=4.12, Sin=0.52). Higher numbers of seedlings emerged from the large seeds compared with medium and small seeds. Seed weight also correlated positively with seedling emergence in T. bellerica (r=0.967, significant α =0.01, df=7). Findings of this study will be useful for mass propagation of T. bellerica and reintroduction of elites in different habitats. © 2013 South African Association of Botanists.

Bisht V.K.,Herbal Research and Development Institute | Kuniyal C.P.,Herbal Research and Development Institute | Nautiyal B.P.,Mizoram University | Prasad P.,Central University of Costa Rica
Physiology and Molecular Biology of Plants | Year: 2013

Studies were conducted on population status and regeneration of Quercus semecarpifolia and Quercus floribunda in a subalpine forest of western Himalaya. Saplings of Q. semecarpifolia belonging to the 51-100 cm size class and those of Q. floribunda belonging to the 101-150 cm size class were well represented in studied subalpine forests. Comparable seedling emergence and establishment of both species, either in the habitat dominated by same or different species seems to be an adaptational strategy of these species in subalpine forests. Seedling to tree ratio for Q. semecarpifolia was higher in the stand dominated by Q. floribunda, while comparable pattern was observed for Q. floribunda in the stand dominated by Q. semecarpifolia. Establishment of higher percent of seedlings of one species in the habitats dominated by another species of Quercus appears to indicate an oligarchic nature of oaks in subalpine forests. This study describes regeneration strategies, and spatial distribution of these species in a subalpine forest of Uttarakhand. © 2013 Prof. H.S. Srivastava Foundation for Science and Society.

Dangwal L.R.,Central University of Costa Rica | Rana C.S.,Herbal Research and Development Institute | Sharma A.,Central University of Costa Rica
Indian Journal of Natural Products and Resources | Year: 2011

The present communication deals with the ethno-medicinal plants of Nanda Devi Biosphere Reserve (NDBR). The study was carried out on montane region located in transitional zone of NDBR in district Chamoli, Uttarkhand, India. The inhabitants have great faith in traditional knowledge of plants and their uses. Ethno-medicinal information on 21 plant species belonging to 20 families has been included in this paper. Information on traditional formulations, mode of administration and the ailments for which they are effective, apart from botanical and local plant names has been provided. The medicines consist of a single drug in the form of decoction, extract, oil, powder and pellets. These are prepared from leaves, petiole, bark, stem, roots, flowers, seeds, latex or entire plants. In few cases, application of latex or fresh parts like flowers or simply contact of plant parts were noted. The inhabitants use different plants for some common health problems like skin ailments, cuts, wounds, cold, cough, chronic fever, headache, stomachache, urinary complaints, respiratory disorder and gynaecological problems.

Bisht V.K.,Herbal Research and Development Institute | Negi J.S.,Herbal Research and Development Institute | Bhandari A.K.,Herbal Research and Development Institute | Sundriyal R.C.,Herbal Research and Development Institute
International Journal of Cancer Research | Year: 2011

Cancer is one of the leading causes of death worldwide. Anti-cancerous activity is the effects of natural, synthetic or biological chemical agents to reverse, suppress or prevent carcinogenic progression. Several synthetic agents are used to cure the disease but they have their toxicity and hence the research is going on to investigate the plant derived chemotherapeutic agents. An attempt has been made to review important medicinal plants used for the treatment and prevention of neoplasm from Uttarakhand. This article considered 24 plants from the state having anti-cancerous property. These plants contain several anti-cancerous bioactives such as saponins, flavonoids, polyphenols, tannins and alkaloids etc. This study also incorporates the ethno-botany and biological activities of these important plants. © 2011 Academic Journals Inc.

Negi J.S.,Herbal Research and Development Institute
Natural Product Research | Year: 2012

Important mineral elements (Fe, Zn, Mn, Cu, Co, Na, K, Ca and Li) were determined in the leaves and roots of Swertia paniculata collected from three different altitudes in three seasons using atomic absorption spectroscopy. The highest concentrations of Zn, Cu, Mn, Fe, Co, Na, K, Ca and Li were found to be 193.0±5.6, 26.0±7.6, 303.0±8.5, 1507.0±2.5, 88.0±1.2, 345.0±1.2, 11622.0±6.4, 3461.0±3.5 and 48.0±4.5mgkg-1, respectively. The overall concentration of K was found to be the highest, whereas the level of Cu was the lowest. The concentrations of Cu and Li were quite low in all samples, whereas Zn, Mn, Co and Na were found in moderate concentration and K, Ca and Fe were found in very high concentrations in all the samples tested. © 2012 Copyright Taylor and Francis Group, LLC.

Bisht V.K.,Herbal Research and Development Institute | Negi J.S.,Herbal Research and Development Institute | Bhandari A.K.,Herbal Research and Development Institute | Sundriyal R.C.,Herbal Research and Development Institute
African Journal of Agricultural Research | Year: 2011

Amomum subulatum Roxb. (Large Cardamom) is a perennial herbaceous crop, cultivated in swampy places across hills around water streams. It has been a well known spice since time immemorial; used as flavouring agent to various dishes indigenous to the Eastern Himalayan region particularly Nepal, Bhutan, and India. Sikkim State of India is the largest producer of cardamom that is around 50% of the world's production. Large cardamom contains 8.6% moisture, 5% total ash value, 1.5% ash insoluble in acid, 3.5% water soluble ash value, 4.88% alcohol extract, 4% non-volatile ether extract and 91.4% of total solid. It contains 1.95 to 3.32% of essential oil having characteristic aroma and possesses medicinal properties. It is reported as an official drug in Ayurvedic Pharmacopoeia due to its curative as well as preventive properties for various ailments. The major constituent of large cardamom essential oil is 1,8-cineole. The monoterpene hydrocarbon content is in the range of 5 to 17% of which lamonene, sabeinene, and pinenes are significant components. The terpinols comprise approximately 5 to 7% of the oil. Due to the presence of these compounds, it has pharmacognostic properties such as analgesic, antimicrobial, cardiac stimulant, carminative, diuretic, stomachic etc. This paper recapitulates traditional, phytochemical and biological activities of A. subulatum. © 2011 Academic Journals.

Negi J.S.,Herbal Research and Development Institute | Bisht V.K.,Herbal Research and Development Institute | Bhandari A.K.,Herbal Research and Development Institute | Sundriyal R.C.,Herbal Research and Development Institute
Journal of Essential Oil-Bearing Plants | Year: 2013

The essential oil of cultivated Tagetes patula L. flowers was obtained by hydro-distillation (yielded 0.18 %) and analyzed by GC-MS. The oil has a typically pungent odour and is amber red in colour. Among identified compounds, eight are found to be major constituents of the volatile oil. The results revealed that the predominant components in the T. patula flowers oil are β-ocimene, α-terpinolene, trans-caryophyllene, Z-ocimenone, dl-limonene, piperitenone, β-pinene and car-3-en-2-one. Antioxidant activity was checked by 2,2'-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) radical scavenging method. Ascorbic acid was used as standard. Essential oil of T. patula exhibited significant antioxidant activity. The IC50 of the oil was found 28.0 μg/ml and that of ascorbic acid 15.0 μg/ml. © 2013 Copyright Har Krishan Bhalla & Sons.

Kuniyal C.P.,Herbal Research and Development Institute | Sundriyal R.C.,Herbal Research and Development Institute | Sundriyal R.C.,Gb Pant Institute Of Himalayan Environment And Devel Opment
Ecosystem Services | Year: 2013

Traditional agriculture and animal rearing are central in the rural livelihood of Himalayan Mountains. Economically these activities are inadequate for fulfilling the better livelihood expectation. Therefore rural people depend on diverse short seasonal activities like collection of medicinal plants, timber trading and animals poaching etc. for obtaining economic benefits. In past few years, collection of Cordyceps sinensis in the Himalayan Mountains has been emerged as main short seasonal activity. This practice is more profitable as compared to the cultivation of key cash crops and some other activities. Because of attractive economic benefits, nearly 52.08 to 97.98% households of this region are involved in the short seasonal collection of C. sinensis. Development of C. sinensis in the Himalayan Mountains and economic benefit earned from its collection is valuable ecosystem service. Uncontrolled collection of C. sinensis will be critical for its sustainability. Hence rotational pattern for collecting C. sinensis will be useful for its long-term availability. Because of the shift in short seasonal activities of poor communities, collection of C. sinensis may be helping in conservation of globally significant medicinal plants (GSMPs), timber yielding trees and wild animals. However, impacts of this short seasonal activity on the population recovery of GSMPs, timber trees and wild animals need to be studied at habitat level. Economic benefits earned from short seasonal collection of C. sinensis and cultivation of key cash crops, suggestion for sustainable collection of C. sinensis, possible impacts after deviation from this practice and indirect salvage of this short seasonal activity for the conservation of other resources is discussed in this communication. © 2012 Elsevier B.V.

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