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Negi J.S.,Herbal Research and Development Institute
Natural Product Research | Year: 2012

Important mineral elements (Fe, Zn, Mn, Cu, Co, Na, K, Ca and Li) were determined in the leaves and roots of Swertia paniculata collected from three different altitudes in three seasons using atomic absorption spectroscopy. The highest concentrations of Zn, Cu, Mn, Fe, Co, Na, K, Ca and Li were found to be 193.0±5.6, 26.0±7.6, 303.0±8.5, 1507.0±2.5, 88.0±1.2, 345.0±1.2, 11622.0±6.4, 3461.0±3.5 and 48.0±4.5mgkg-1, respectively. The overall concentration of K was found to be the highest, whereas the level of Cu was the lowest. The concentrations of Cu and Li were quite low in all samples, whereas Zn, Mn, Co and Na were found in moderate concentration and K, Ca and Fe were found in very high concentrations in all the samples tested. © 2012 Copyright Taylor and Francis Group, LLC.

Malik A.R.,Regional Agricultural Research Station KVK SKUAST K | Siddique M.A.A.,Medicinal and Aromatic Plants | Sofi P.A.,SKUAST K | Butola J.S.,Herbal Research and Development Institute
Research Journal of Medicinal Plant | Year: 2011

The present study reports ethno-medicinal uses and conservation status of medicinal plants in the northern region of Kashmir Himalayas. Surveys were conducted in district Baramulla and Kupwara for documentation of traditional knowledge and practices (mode of administration and dosages) of medicinal plants. Eighty medicinal plant species (69 herbs, 7 shrubs and 2 trees), representing 43 families and 72 genus, were recorded to be used under traditional health care system. Amongst the species, 71 species were collected from the wild, 4 species from cultivation and 5 species from both the sources. An IUCN criterion based assessment of conservation status of these species showed 9 species as Critically endangered, 14 Endangered, 24 Vulnerable, 28 Rare and only 5 Secure in study the region. Likewise other parts of the IHR, wild populations of medicinal plants of this region are under severe pressure of over-harvesting coupled with over grazing. Moreover, the prevalent practice of premature harvesting of the whole plant is leading to unrecoverable loss of their germplasm. The present communication also depicts market chain of medicinal plant trade in the region which is highly unregulated and lacking equitable share of benefits. Keeping all above issues in mind, an appropriate strategy and action plan for the conservation and sustainable utilization of medicinal plants of the region need to be formulated and implemented, effectively. © 2011 Academic Journals Inc.

Andola H.C.,Herbal Research and Development Institute | Rawal R.S.,Gb Pant Institute Of Himalayan Environment And Development | Bhatt I.D.,G B Pant Institute of Himalayan Environment and Development
Food Research International | Year: 2011

Nutritional and anti-nutritional factors of five Berberis species, widely known for their wild edible fruits and medicinal properties, were investigated in the Indian west Himalaya. These fruits contained high content of fiber (pulp 7.0-8.1%; seeds 4.4-5.3%), protein (pulp 4.7-7.2%; seeds 5.9-8.5%) and fat (pulp 2.6-4.0%; seeds 4.6-5.3%) as compared to most of the known wild edibles in the region. They, however, contained reasonably lower food energy, largely due to low carbohydrate content. All the five species emerged as good source of minerals, especially Ca and K. The values of various nutrient and mineral elements varied significantly among species, which implies potential of different species can be harnessed for diverse attributes. The fruits, however, possessed anti-nutritional factors like tannins and phytic acid, which need to be tackled appropriately while considering these fruits for value addition as health food. © 2010 Elsevier Ltd.

Dangwal L.R.,Central University of Costa Rica | Rana C.S.,Herbal Research and Development Institute | Sharma A.,Central University of Costa Rica
Indian Journal of Natural Products and Resources | Year: 2011

The present communication deals with the ethno-medicinal plants of Nanda Devi Biosphere Reserve (NDBR). The study was carried out on montane region located in transitional zone of NDBR in district Chamoli, Uttarkhand, India. The inhabitants have great faith in traditional knowledge of plants and their uses. Ethno-medicinal information on 21 plant species belonging to 20 families has been included in this paper. Information on traditional formulations, mode of administration and the ailments for which they are effective, apart from botanical and local plant names has been provided. The medicines consist of a single drug in the form of decoction, extract, oil, powder and pellets. These are prepared from leaves, petiole, bark, stem, roots, flowers, seeds, latex or entire plants. In few cases, application of latex or fresh parts like flowers or simply contact of plant parts were noted. The inhabitants use different plants for some common health problems like skin ailments, cuts, wounds, cold, cough, chronic fever, headache, stomachache, urinary complaints, respiratory disorder and gynaecological problems.

Kuniyal C.P.,Herbal Research and Development Institute | Butola J.S.,Dr. Y.S. Parmar University of Horticulture and Forestry | Sundriyal R.C.,Gb Pant Institute Of Himalayan Environment And Development
South African Journal of Botany | Year: 2013

Terminalia bellerica Roxb. (Belleric Myrobalan, Vern. - Baheda, Sanskrit-Vibhitaki, Family: Combretaceae) is among multipurpose tree species in India. The dried pulp of the seeds being used for the preparation of an ancient herbal formulation called Triphala (in Hindi). Seed size is considered a useful attribute for the propagation of valuable trees. The effect of seed size on seedling emergence in T. bellerica was studied under nursery conditions. Emergence of seedlings from large (mean dry weight1.18±0.02 g), medium (0.95±0.03 g) and small seeds (0.76±0.03 g) varied significantly (LSD. Sin p<0.05=4.12, Sin=0.52). Higher numbers of seedlings emerged from the large seeds compared with medium and small seeds. Seed weight also correlated positively with seedling emergence in T. bellerica (r=0.967, significant α =0.01, df=7). Findings of this study will be useful for mass propagation of T. bellerica and reintroduction of elites in different habitats. © 2013 South African Association of Botanists.

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