Hepatobiliary Surgery Unit

Napoli, Italy

Hepatobiliary Surgery Unit

Napoli, Italy
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Piccirillo M.,Hepatobiliary Surgery Unit | Granata V.,Instituto Nazionale Per Lo Studio E La Cura Dei Tumori Of Naples | Albino V.,Hepatobiliary Surgery Unit | Palaia R.,Hepatobiliary Surgery Unit | And 6 more authors.
Tumori | Year: 2013

Aims and background. Extrahepatic spread of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) diagnosed during the clinical course of the disease is not frequent; however, with the prolonged survival of HCC patients, the incidence of extrahepatic metastases seems to be increasing. Methods and study design.We present four unusual cases of extrahepatic metastasis from HCC: the first concerns a patient who underwent a liver transplantation for HCC with cirrhosis and three years later developed metastases in the lung and the left orbit; the second is that of a patient who developed an extraperitoneal pararectal metastasis; in the third case a large osteolytic lesion developed on the left iliac bone, and in the fourth case we found an isolated metastasis in the left mandible. Results and conclusions. These cases offer important information related to the unusual biology of isolated metastases from HCC after successful treatment of the primary cancer.


Ratti F.,Hepatobiliary Surgery Unit | Cipriani F.,Hepatobiliary Surgery Unit | Ferla F.,Hepatobiliary Surgery Unit | Catena M.,Hepatobiliary Surgery Unit | And 2 more authors.
World Journal of Surgery | Year: 2013

Introduction: The diagnosis and treatment of hilar tumors requires a multidisciplinary approach based on the synergy of radiologists, surgeons, oncologists, and gastroenterologists. Klatskin tumor is a relatively rare disease with a poor prognosis. Currently, the only possible treatment is represented by the removal of the tumor associated with radical surgery, even though its results are still jeopardized by significant morbidity and mortality. A proper preoperative optimization of the patient, including staging laparoscopy, biliary drainage, and portal vein embolization, may improve short-term outcome. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the short- and long-term impact of preoperative optimization in patients affected by hilar cholangiocarcinoma. Methods: From January 2004 to May 2012, 94 patients with preoperative diagnosis of Klastkin tumors were candidates for surgery at the Hepatobiliary Surgery Unit of the Hospital San Raffaele in Milan. The data of all patients were prospectively collected and retrospectively reviewed. The outcome was evaluated in terms of perioperative morbidity and mortality and overall and disease-free survival. Short-term outcome of patients undergoing preoperative optimization was compared with outcome of patients who did not undergo it in terms of intraoperative data, morbidity and mortality. Results: Of 94 patients undergoing surgery, 80 underwent hepatic and biliary confluence resection. Fourteen patients were considered unresectable due to the presence of peritoneal carcinomatosis or advanced disease seen during staging laparoscopy or at laparotomy and therefore were excluded from the analysis. Seventy-five (93.7 %) patients underwent major liver resections: in 14 of these, surgery was performed at a distance of 30-40 days from PVE. In 55 patients, biliary drainage was preoperatively placed for palliation of obstructive jaundice. The postoperative morbidity rate was 51.2 % and mortality 6.2 %. The most frequent cause of death was postoperative liver failure. Five-year survival rate was 29 %. Patients undergoing preoperative optimization experienced a significant reduction of postoperative morbidity, especially in terms of infectious related events. Conclusions: Klatskin tumor remains a disease associated with poor prognosis, but a correct preoperative diagnostic and therapeutic management provides tools to perform this type of surgery with acceptable morbidity and mortality, thus improving long-term results. © 2013 Société Internationale de Chirurgie.


Ratti F.,Hepatobiliary Surgery Unit | Cipriani F.,Hepatobiliary Surgery Unit | Gagliano A.,Hepatobiliary Surgery Unit | Catena M.,Hepatobiliary Surgery Unit | And 2 more authors.
Updates in Surgery | Year: 2014

The limit to surgical treatment of patients with hepatic tumors is represented by the proportion of residual hepatic parenchyma at the end of surgery (FLR, future liver remnant) that provides an estimation of the risk of postoperative liver failure. Recently, a new two-stage technique has been developed with the acronym (ALPPS) associating liver partitioning and portal vein ligation for staged hepatectomy with the aim of obtaining a more rapid and effective increase in FLR, even though indications are not clear yet. Between January and December 2012, eight patients were candidates to ALPPS at the Hepatobiliary Surgery Unit of San Raffaele Hospital, Milan. The first three patients (Series 1) underwent right trisectionectomy and were affected by tumors infiltrating biliary confluence, while the others (Series 2) were candidates to right hepatectomy for colorectal liver metastases. Two patients were then excluded from Series 2 because intraoperative finding of irresectable disease. Intra- and postoperative outcome was evaluated with the aim of defining indications to ALPPS. All patients reached an adequate FLR after a median of 7.5 days from the first procedure (rate of program completion 100 %). In Series 1 two patients developed complications related to bile leakage from the raw surface of the liver to be resected and septic events secondary to ischemic necrosis of the liver segment IV. One patient died following multi-organ failure secondary to sepsis. In Series 2 postoperative course was uneventful in all the patients, and in particular no patient showed disease progression between the two procedures or signs of postoperative liver failure. ALPPS approach was initially considered suitable for patients affected by Klatskin tumors who require, despite a small tumor volume, extended hepatectomies associated with surgery of the biliary tract: the analysis of this first series of patients has led to a re-evaluation of the indication to this strategy, as a consequence of encountered criticisms. Actually only a subset of patients affected by colorectal liver metastases are candidates to ALPPS. © 2013 Springer-Verlag Italia.


PubMed | Hepatobiliary Surgery Unit
Type: Journal Article | Journal: World journal of surgery | Year: 2013

The diagnosis and treatment of hilar tumors requires a multidisciplinary approach based on the synergy of radiologists, surgeons, oncologists, and gastroenterologists. Klatskin tumor is a relatively rare disease with a poor prognosis. Currently, the only possible treatment is represented by the removal of the tumor associated with radical surgery, even though its results are still jeopardized by significant morbidity and mortality. A proper preoperative optimization of the patient, including staging laparoscopy, biliary drainage, and portal vein embolization, may improve short-term outcome. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the short- and long-term impact of preoperative optimization in patients affected by hilar cholangiocarcinoma.From January 2004 to May 2012, 94 patients with preoperative diagnosis of Klastkin tumors were candidates for surgery at the Hepatobiliary Surgery Unit of the Hospital San Raffaele in Milan. The data of all patients were prospectively collected and retrospectively reviewed. The outcome was evaluated in terms of perioperative morbidity and mortality and overall and disease-free survival. Short-term outcome of patients undergoing preoperative optimization was compared with outcome of patients who did not undergo it in terms of intraoperative data, morbidity and mortality.Of 94 patients undergoing surgery, 80 underwent hepatic and biliary confluence resection. Fourteen patients were considered unresectable due to the presence of peritoneal carcinomatosis or advanced disease seen during staging laparoscopy or at laparotomy and therefore were excluded from the analysis. Seventy-five (93.7 %) patients underwent major liver resections: in 14 of these, surgery was performed at a distance of 30-40 days from PVE. In 55 patients, biliary drainage was preoperatively placed for palliation of obstructive jaundice. The postoperative morbidity rate was 51.2 % and mortality 6.2 %. The most frequent cause of death was postoperative liver failure. Five-year survival rate was 29 %. Patients undergoing preoperative optimization experienced a significant reduction of postoperative morbidity, especially in terms of infectious related events.Klatskin tumor remains a disease associated with poor prognosis, but a correct preoperative diagnostic and therapeutic management provides tools to perform this type of surgery with acceptable morbidity and mortality, thus improving long-term results.


PubMed | Hepatobiliary Surgery Unit
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Updates in surgery | Year: 2014

The limit to surgical treatment of patients with hepatic tumors is represented by the proportion of residual hepatic parenchyma at the end of surgery (FLR, future liver remnant) that provides an estimation of the risk of postoperative liver failure. Recently, a new two-stage technique has been developed with the acronym (ALPPS) associating liver partitioning and portal vein ligation for staged hepatectomy with the aim of obtaining a more rapid and effective increase in FLR, even though indications are not clear yet. Between January and December 2012, eight patients were candidates to ALPPS at the Hepatobiliary Surgery Unit of San Raffaele Hospital, Milan. The first three patients (Series 1) underwent right trisectionectomy and were affected by tumors infiltrating biliary confluence, while the others (Series 2) were candidates to right hepatectomy for colorectal liver metastases. Two patients were then excluded from Series 2 because intraoperative finding of irresectable disease. Intra- and postoperative outcome was evaluated with the aim of defining indications to ALPPS. All patients reached an adequate FLR after a median of 7.5days from the first procedure (rate of program completion 100%). In Series 1 two patients developed complications related to bile leakage from the raw surface of the liver to be resected and septic events secondary to ischemic necrosis of the liver segment IV. One patient died following multi-organ failure secondary to sepsis. In Series 2 postoperative course was uneventful in all the patients, and in particular no patient showed disease progression between the two procedures or signs of postoperative liver failure. ALPPS approach was initially considered suitable for patients affected by Klatskin tumors who require, despite a small tumor volume, extended hepatectomies associated with surgery of the biliary tract: the analysis of this first series of patients has led to a re-evaluation of the indication to this strategy, as a consequence of encountered criticisms. Actually only a subset of patients affected by colorectal liver metastases are candidates to ALPPS.

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