Hartford, CT, United States
Hartford, CT, United States

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Sood N.,Henry Low Heart Center | Sood N.,University of Connecticut | Kazi F.A.,Henry Low Heart Center | Kazi F.A.,University of Connecticut | And 6 more authors.
Journal of Nuclear Cardiology | Year: 2012

Objective. To compare exercise tolerance testing (ETT) with gated single photon emission computed tomography-myocardial perfusion imaging (SPECT-MPI) risk stratification in women with an intermediate to high CAD pretest risk and known estrogen status (ES). Background. SPECT-MPI is an effective test for risk stratifying patients with stable angina. However in women, the current guidelines recommend the exercise tolerance testing (ETT) as first line test. Further, the relationship of stress imaging to ES, an independent risk indicator for CAD, is unknown. Methods. 2,194 women with an intermediate to high CAD pre-test risk were referred for a clinically indicated ETT with gated SPECT-MPI. Duke treadmill scores (DTS) and summed stress score (SSS) were calculated. SSS were classified as normal (SSS < 3), mildly abnormal (SSS 4-8), or moderate-severely abnormal (SSS > 8). The ES was assessed as premenopausal, postmenopausal on hormone replacement therapy (HRT) as ES1 while postmenopausal not on HRT were ES2. An annualized cardiac event rate of a composite of cardiac death, unstable angina (UA) leading to hospitalization, non-fatal myocardial infarction, or late coronary revascularization was calculated for all the groups. Results. The annualized cardiac event rate was 1.3% PPY, 2.1% PPY, and 3.2% PPY for low, intermediate, and high risk DTS (P = .2). Patients with intermediate DTS and mildly abnormal or moderate-severely abnormal gated SPECT-MPI had a significantly higher cardiac event rates (5.3% PPY and 10.8% PPY, respectively) than those with a normal gated SPECTMPI (1.2%, PPY, P = .01). This was also demonstrated on further Cox-regression analysis. Risk stratification of SPECT-MPI over DTS was independent of ES. Conclusion. Gated SPECT-MPI provides risk stratification beyond standard exercise stress testing for women with suspected coronary artery disease, especially in patients with intermediate DTS and is independent of ES. Copyright © 2011 American Society of Nuclear Cardiology.


Azemi T.,Henry Low Heart Center | Rai M.,Henry Low Heart Center | Rai M.,University of Connecticut | Parwani P.,Henry Low Heart Center | And 9 more authors.
Journal of Nuclear Cardiology | Year: 2012

Background. Significance of electrocardiographic (ECG) changes during vasodilator stress myocardial perfusion imaging (MPI) is controversial. We examined the diagnostic and prognostic significance of ECG changes during vasodilator single photon emission computerized tomography (SPECT) MPI. Methods. We studied consecutive patients who underwent vasodilator SPECT MPI from 1995 to 2009. Patients with baseline ECG abnormalities, previous history of coronary artery bypass graft surgery or myocardial infarction (MI) were excluded. Significant coronary artery disease (CAD) was defined as >70% stenosis of any vessel or ≥50% stenosis of left main. Mean follow-up was 2.4 ± 1.5 years for cardiac events (cardiac death and non-fatal MI). Results. Of patients in the diagnostic cohort, ST depression was associated with increased incidence of CAD with abnormal (P = .020 and P <.001) but not in those with normal perfusion (P = .342). Of 3,566 patients with follow-up in the prognostic cohort, including 130 (5.0%) with ST depression and normal perfusion, the presence of ST depression ≥1 mm did not affect the outcomes in any summed stress score category. Conclusions. ST depression ≥1 mm during vasodilator SPECT MPI is associated with CAD in patients with abnormal perfusion, but provides no additional risk stratification beyond concomitant perfusion imaging, including those with normal studies. Copyright © 2011 American Society of Nuclear Cardiology.

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