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Wang C.,Zhengzhou University | Xie N.,Zhengzhou University | Zhang H.,Henan University of Technology | Li Y.,Henan Bioengineering Research Center | And 2 more authors.
Neurochemical Research

Puerarin extracted from Radix puerariae is well-known for its anti-oxidative and neuroprotective activities. In this study, we investigated the protective effect of puerarin on amyloid-β protein (Aβ)-induced cytotoxicity and its potential mechanisms in BV-2 and primary microglial cells. We found that pretreatment with puerarin afforded protection against Aβ-induced cytotoxicity through inhibiting apoptosis in BV-2 and primary microglial cells. This result was also confirmed by the activated caspase-3 assay. Phospho-Akt and Bcl-2 expression increased after pretreatment with puerarin in BV-2 and primary microglial cells exposed to Aβ, whereas Bax expression and cytochrome c release decreased. In addition, puerarin treatment prevented the loss of mitochondrial membrane potential and reactive oxygen species production. Interestingly, these effects of puerarin against Aβ insult were abolished by LY294002, an inhibitor of PI3K phosphorylation. Taken together, these findings suggest that puerarin prevents Aβ-induced microglial apoptosis via the activation of PI3K/Akt signaling pathway, and might be a potential preventive or therapeutic agent for Alzheimer's disease. © 2014 Springer Science+Business Media New York. Source

Wang C.,Zhengzhou University | Xie N.,Zhengzhou University | Wang Y.,Zhengzhou University | Wang Y.,Henan Bioengineering Research Center | And 3 more authors.
Neurochemical Research

The mitochondrial calcium uniporter (MCU) is reportedly involved in oxidative stress, apoptosis, and many neurological diseases. However, the role of the MCU in epilepsy remains unknown. In this study, we found that the MCU inhibitor Ru360 significantly attenuated neuronal death and exerted an anti-apoptotic effect on rat hippocampal neurons after pilocarpine-induced status epilepticus (SE), while the MCU activator spermine increased seizure-induced neuronal death and apoptosis. In addition, Ru360 decreased the level of seizure-induced reactive oxygen species (ROS) in mitochondria isolated from rat hippocampi. Moreover, Ru360 restored the altered mitochondrial membrane potential and cytochrome c (CytC) release in epileptic hippocampi. However, spermine treatment exerted an opposite effect on seizure-induced ROS production and mitochondrial membrane potential alteration and CytC release compared with Ru360 treatment. Altogether, the findings of this study suggest that MCU inhibition exerts a neuroprotective effect on seizure-induced brain injury possibly through the mitochondria/ROS/CytC pathway. © 2015, Springer Science+Business Media New York. Source

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