Henan Academy of Fishery science

Zhengzhou, China

Henan Academy of Fishery science

Zhengzhou, China
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Jiang Y.,Chinese Academy of Fishery Sciences | Zhang S.,Chinese Academy of Fishery Sciences | Xu J.,Chinese Academy of Fishery Sciences | Feng J.,Henan Academy of Fishery science | And 5 more authors.
PLoS ONE | Year: 2014

Background: The common carp is an important aquaculture species that is widely distributed across the world. During the long history of carp domestication, numerous carp strains with diverse skin colors have been established. Skin color is used as a visual criterion to determine the market value of carp. However, the genetic basis of common carp skin color has not been extensively studied.Methodology/Principal Findings: In this study, we performed Illumina sequencing on two common carp strains: the reddish Xingguo red carp and the brownish-black Yellow River carp. A total of 435,348,868 reads were generated, resulting in 198,781 assembled contigs that were used as reference sequences. Comparisons of skin transcriptome files revealed 2,012 unigenes with significantly different expression in the two common carp strains, including 874 genes that were up-regulated in Xingguo red carp and 1,138 genes that were up-regulated in Yellow River carp. The expression patterns of 20 randomly selected differentially expressed genes were validated using quantitative RT-PCR. Gene pathway analysis of the differentially expressed genes indicated that melanin biosynthesis, along with the Wnt and MAPK signaling pathways, is highly likely to affect the skin pigmentation process. Several key genes involved in the skin pigmentation process, including TYRP1, SILV, ASIP and xCT, showed significant differences in their expression patterns between the two strains.Conclusions: In this study, we conducted a comparative transcriptome analysis of Xingguo red carp and Yellow River carp skins, and we detected key genes involved in the common carp skin pigmentation process. We propose that common carp skin pigmentation depends upon at least three pathways. Understanding fish skin color genetics will facilitate future molecular selection of the fish skin colors with high market values. © 2014 Jiang et al.


Xu J.,Chinese Academy of Fishery Sciences | Ji P.,Chinese Academy of Fishery Sciences | Zhao Z.,Chinese Academy of Fishery Sciences | Zhang Y.,Chinese Academy of Fishery Sciences | And 8 more authors.
PLoS ONE | Year: 2012

Background: Single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) have been used as genetic marker for genome-wide association studies in many species. Gene-associated SNPs could offer sufficient coverage in trait related research and further more could themselves be causative SNPs for traits. Common carp (Cyprinus carpio) is one of the most important aquaculture species in the world accounting for nearly 14% of freshwater aquaculture production. There are various strains of common carp with different economic traits, however, the genetic mechanism underlying the different traits have not been elucidated yet. In this project, we identified a large number of gene-associated SNPs from four strains of common carp using next-generation sequencing. Results: Transcriptome sequencing of four strains of common carp (mirror carp, purse red carp, Xingguo red carp, Yellow River carp) was performed with Solexa HiSeq2000 platform. De novo assembled transcriptome was used as reference for alignments, and SNP calling was done through BWA and SAMtools. A total of 712,042 Intra-strain SNPs were discovered in four strains, of which 483,276 SNPs for mirror carp, 486,629 SNPs for purse red carp, 478,028 SNPs for Xingguo red carp and 488,281 SNPs for Yellow River carp were discovered, respectively. Besides, 53,893 inter-SNPs were identified. Strain-specific SNPs of four strains were 53,938, 53,866, 48,701, 40,131 in mirror carp, purse red carp, Xingguo red carp and Yellow River carp, respectively. GO and KEGG pathway analysis were done to reveal strain-specific genes affected by strain-specific non-synonymous SNPs. Validation of selected SNPs revealed that 48% percent of SNPs (12 of 25) were tested to be true SNPs. Conclusions: Transcriptome analysis of common carp using RNA-Seq is a cost-effective way of generating numerous reads for SNP discovery. After validation of identified SNPs, these data will provide a solid base for SNP array designing and genome-wide association studies. © 2012 Xu et al.


Xu P.,Chinese Academy of Fishery Sciences | Zhang X.,Chinese Academy of Fishery Sciences | Wang X.,CAS Beijing Institute of Genomics | Li J.,Dana-Farber Cancer Institute | And 47 more authors.
Nature Genetics | Year: 2014

The common carp, Cyprinus carpio, is one of the most important cyprinid species and globally accounts for 10% of freshwater aquaculture production. Here we present a draft genome of domesticated C. carpio (strain Songpu), whose current assembly contains 52,610 protein-coding genes and approximately 92.3% coverage of its paleotetraploidized genome (2n = 100). The latest round of whole-genome duplication has been estimated to have occurred approximately 8.2 million years ago. Genome resequencing of 33 representative individuals from worldwide populations demonstrates a single origin for C. carpio in 2 subspecies (C. carpio Haematopterus and C. carpio carpio). Integrative genomic and transcriptomic analyses were used to identify loci potentially associated with traits including scaling patterns and skin color. In combination with the high-resolution genetic map, the draft genome paves the way for better molecular studies and improved genome-assisted breeding of C. carpio and other closely related species. © 2014 Nature America, Inc. All rights reserved.


PubMed | Chinese Academy of Fishery Sciences, Huazhong Agricultural University and Henan Academy of Fishery science
Type: | Journal: Fish & shellfish immunology | Year: 2016

The common carp is an important aquaculture species that is worldwide distributed. Nowadays, intensive rearing in aquaculture increases the susceptibility of fish to various pathogens such as Aeromonas hydrophila, which has caused severe damage to carp production. However, systematic analysis on the host response of common carp against A.hydrophila is less studied. In order to better understand the common carp immune response process against bacteria at the global gene expression level, we examined transcriptional profiles of the common carp spleen at three timepoints following experimental infection with A.hydrophila. A total of 545 million 125-bp paired end reads were generated, and all trimmed clean reads were mapped onto the common carp whole genome sequence. Comparison of the transcriptomes between the treatment and control group fish revealed 2900 unigenes with significantly differential expression, including 732, 936, 928 genes up-regulated, and 248, 475, 700 genes down-regulated at 4h, 12h, 24h post infection respectively. The captured significantly differentially expressed genes are mainly involved in the pathways including junction/adhesion, pathogen recognition, cell surface receptor signaling, and immune system process/defense response. Our study will provide fundamental information on molecular mechanism underlying the immune response of teleost against bacterial infection and might suggest strategies for selection of resistant strains of common carp in aquaculture.


Li G.,Henan Agricultural University | Zhao Y.,Henan University of Technology | Liu Z.,Henan Agricultural University | Gao C.,Henan Agricultural University | And 3 more authors.
Fish and Shellfish Immunology | Year: 2015

Common carp (Cyprinus carpio) is one of the most important aquacultured species of the family Cyprinidae, and breeding this species for disease resistance is becoming more and more important. However, at the genome or transcriptome levels, study of the immunogenetics of disease resistance in the common carp is lacking. In this study, 60,316,906 and 75,200,328 paired-end clean reads were obtained from two cDNA libraries of the common carp spleen by Illumina paired-end sequencing technology. Totally, 130,293 unique transcript fragments (unigenes) were assembled, with an average length of 1400.57bp. Approximately 105,612 (81.06%) unigenes could be annotated according to their homology with matches in the Nr, Nt, Swiss-Prot, COG, GO, or KEGG databases, and they were found to represent 46,747 non-redundant genes. Comparative analysis showed that 59.82% of the unigenes have significant similarity to zebrafish Refseq proteins. Gene expression comparison revealed that 10,432 and 6889 annotated unigenes were, respectively, up- and down-regulated with at least twofold changes between two developmental stages of the common carp spleen. Gene ontology and KEGG analysis were performed to classify all unigenes into functional categories for understanding gene functions and regulation pathways. In addition, 46,847 simple sequence repeats (SSRs) were detected from 35,618 unigenes, and a large number of single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) and insertion/deletion (INDEL) sites were identified in the spleen transcriptome of common carp. This study has characterized the spleen transcriptome of the common carp for the first time, providing a valuable resource for a better understanding of the common carp immune system and defense mechanisms. This knowledge will also facilitate future functional studies on common carp immunogenetics that may eventually be applied in breeding programs. © 2015 Elsevier Ltd.


PubMed | Henan Normal University and Henan Academy of Fishery Science
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Molecular biology reports | Year: 2016

Osteopontin (OPN) is a member of Th1 cytokine secreted by activated lymphocytes and macrophages. However, it deserves to be studied whether OPN could promote cell activation or proliferation, and then facilitate hepatic self-repair during liver regeneration (LR). This study is designed to further reveal the effects of OPN on LR in vivo. Firstly, quantitative reverse transcription-PCR (qRT-PCR) and western blot (WB) were utilized to validate the expression profile of endogenous OPN in rat regenerating livers after partial hepatectomy (PH). Then OPN expression vector, two shRNA expression vectors and their respective test vectors were successfully constructed. Afterwards, test vectors were administrated into mouse livers via tail vein to find the more efficient shRNA. Furthermore, OPN expression vector and the more efficient shRNA expression vector were injected into rat regenerating livers, and then the changes in liver regeneration and hepatic microstructure were respectively detected by liver regeneration rate and HE staining, while the expressions of several marker genes were detected by qRT-PCR and WB. Endogenous OPN was strikingly up-regulated in both mRNA and protein level during LR, especially at 12 and 72h after PH. The shRNA expression vector Opn(313) was found to be more efficient than Opn(887) in silencing the expression of Opn. Then OPN expression vector and Opn(313) were injected into rat remnant livers, and it showed that OPN overexpression aggravated hepatic necrosis and leukocytes infiltration, while OPN silencing inhibited liver regeneration rate and the expressions of PCNA and CCL2, but augmented that of BAX. In conclusion, OPN might enhance inflammation and cell proliferation, attenuate cell apoptosis, and ultimately facilitate liver regeneration at the termination stage of liver regeneration.


PubMed | Henan Normal University and Henan Academy of Fishery Science
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Gene | Year: 2015

Osteopontin (OPN; gene Spp1), as a pro-inflammatory cytokine, has a range of activities relevant to the occurrence and progression of hepatitis, liver fibrosis or liver tumors. However, little is known about the role of OPN in liver regeneration (LR). To reveal the expression profiles of OPN and its receptors and the possible regulatory role of OPN in rat LR, Rat Genome 230 2.0 was used to detect expression profiles of OPN-mediated signaling pathway-associated genes after partial hepatectomy (PH), and the results showed that 81 genes were significantly changed at mRNA level, and among which, 65 genes were up-regulated. Then, k-means clustering was employed to classify above 81 genes into 5 clusters based on gene expression similarity, and EASE analysis further indicated that the above genes were mainly associated with stress response, inflammatory response, cell activation, proliferation, adhesion and migration. Thereafter, IPA software and Western blot were used to analyze potential effects of every branch of OPN signaling pathways during LR, and the results suggested that the genes expression changes of OPN signaling pathways may account for enhanced cell proliferation, survival, adhesion and migration, augmented inflammation response and attenuated apoptosis during LR.


PubMed | Henan Academy of Fishery Science, Henan University of Technology and Henan Agricultural University
Type: | Journal: Fish & shellfish immunology | Year: 2016

Grass carp Ctenopharyngodon idella is an important freshwater aquaculture species. However, studies regarding transcriptomic profiling of developing spleen tissue in the grass carp are lacking. Here, the transcriptome sequencing from the spleen tissue of one-year-old (cis1) and three-year-old (cis3) grass carp was performed using Illumina paired-end sequencing technology. The de novo assemblies yielded 48,970 unigenes with average lengths of 1264.51 bp from the two libraries. The assembled unigenes were evaluated and functionally annotated by comparing with sequences in major public databases including Nr, COG, Swiss-Prot, KEGG, Pfam and GO. Comparative analysis of expression levels revealed that a total of 38,254 unigenes were expressed in both the cis1 and cis3 libraries, while 4356 unigenes were expressed only in the cis1 library, and 3312 unigenes were expressed only in the cis3 library. Meanwhile, 1782 unigenes (including 903 down-regulated and 879 up-regulated unigenes) were differentially expressed between the two developmental stages of the grass carp spleen. Based on GO and KEGG enrichment analysis, these differentially expressed genes widely participated in the regulation of immunity and response in the grass carp. Moreover, the main components of six immune-related pathways were identified, including complement and coagulation cascades, Toll-like receptor signaling, B-cell receptor signaling, T-cell receptor signaling, antigen processing and presentation, and chemokine signaling. Finally, two identified transcripts including TLR 8 and complement component C8 were validated for reliability by RT-PCR. Collectively, the results obtained in this study will provide a basis for the study of molecular mechanisms in grass carp spleen development.


PubMed | Henan Academy of Fishery Science, Henan University of Technology and Henan Agricultural University
Type: Comparative Study | Journal: Fish & shellfish immunology | Year: 2015

Common carp (Cyprinus carpio) is one of the most important aquacultured species of the family Cyprinidae, and breeding this species for disease resistance is becoming more and more important. However, at the genome or transcriptome levels, study of the immunogenetics of disease resistance in the common carp is lacking. In this study, 60,316,906 and 75,200,328 paired-end clean reads were obtained from two cDNA libraries of the common carp spleen by Illumina paired-end sequencing technology. Totally, 130,293 unique transcript fragments (unigenes) were assembled, with an average length of 1400.57 bp. Approximately 105,612 (81.06%) unigenes could be annotated according to their homology with matches in the Nr, Nt, Swiss-Prot, COG, GO, or KEGG databases, and they were found to represent 46,747 non-redundant genes. Comparative analysis showed that 59.82% of the unigenes have significant similarity to zebrafish Refseq proteins. Gene expression comparison revealed that 10,432 and 6889 annotated unigenes were, respectively, up- and down-regulated with at least twofold changes between two developmental stages of the common carp spleen. Gene ontology and KEGG analysis were performed to classify all unigenes into functional categories for understanding gene functions and regulation pathways. In addition, 46,847 simple sequence repeats (SSRs) were detected from 35,618 unigenes, and a large number of single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) and insertion/deletion (INDEL) sites were identified in the spleen transcriptome of common carp. This study has characterized the spleen transcriptome of the common carp for the first time, providing a valuable resource for a better understanding of the common carp immune system and defense mechanisms. This knowledge will also facilitate future functional studies on common carp immunogenetics that may eventually be applied in breeding programs.


PubMed | Henan Academy of Fishery Science, Henan University of Technology and Henan Agricultural University
Type: | Journal: Data in brief | Year: 2017

The data presented in this paper are related to the research article entitled Transcriptome profiling of developing spleen tissue and discovery of immune-related genes in grass carp (

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