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Coppola A.,University of Naples Federico II | Santoro C.,University of Rome La Sapienza | Franchini M.,Carlo Poma Hospital | Mannucci C.,Bayer Italia | And 5 more authors.
Seminars in Thrombosis and Hemostasis | Year: 2013

Life expectancy for persons with hemophilia (PWH) has considerably increased in the last decades as a direct result of the availability of modern therapies to control the clotting defect. Because their life expectancy now matches that of the general population, PWH are experiencing age-related comorbidities, such as, cardiovascular diseases, metabolic syndrome, renal diseases, sexuality issues, malignancies, and neurologic problems, that until recently have been rarely seen in this group of patients. In this article, we present a summary of the current knowledge on the aging PWH along with the clinical approaches that may be integrated into the routine comprehensive care of these patients for preventing, diagnosing, and monitoring age-related comorbidities. In general, patients with and without hemophilia should receive similar care, with close collaboration between the physician treating PWH and the specialty expert treating the comorbid disease. © 2013 by Thieme Medical Publishers, Inc. Source

Collins P.,University of Cardiff | Baudo F.,Centro Emofilia | Knoebl P.,Medical University of Vienna | Levesque H.,University of Rouen | And 5 more authors.
Blood | Year: 2012

Acquired hemophilia A (AHA) is an auto-immune disease caused by an autoantibody to factor VIII. Patients are at risk of severe and fatal hemorrhage until the inhibitor is eradicated, and guidelines recommend immunosuppression as soon as the diagnosis has been made. The optimal immunosuppressive regimen is unclear; therefore, data from 331 patients entered into the prospective EACH2 registry were analyzed. Steroids combined with cyclophosphamide resulted in more stable complete remission (70%), defined as inhibitor undetectable, factor VIII more than 70 IU/dL and immunosuppression stopped, than steroids alone (48%) or rituximab-based regimens (59%). Propensity score-matched analysis controlling for age, sex, factor VIII level, inhibitor titer, and underlying etiology confirmed that stable remission was more likely with steroids and cyclophosphamide than steroids alone (odds ratio = 3.25; 95% CI, 1.51-6.96; P < .003). The median time to complete remission was approximately 5 weeks for steroids with or without cyclophosphamide; rituximab-based regimens required approximately twice as long. Immunoglobulin administration did not improve outcome. Second-line therapy was successful in approximately 60% of cases that failed first-line therapy. Outcome was not affected by the choice of first-line therapy. The likelihood of achieving stable remission was not affected by underlying etiology but was influenced by the presenting inhibitor titer and FVIII level. © 2012 by The American Society of Hematology. Source

Castaman G.,Hemophilia and Thrombosis Center | Giacomelli S.H.,Hemophilia and Thrombosis Center | Caccia S.,University of Milan | Riccardi F.,University of Parma | And 5 more authors.
Haemophilia | Year: 2013

Factor XI (FXI) deficiency is a rare inherited bleeding disorder invariably caused by mutations in the FXI gene. The disorder is rather frequent in Ashkenazi Jews, in whom around 98% of the abnormal alleles is represented by Glu117X and Phe283Leu mutations. A wide heterogeneity of causative mutations has been previously reported in a few FXI deficient patients from Italy. In this article, we enlarge the knowledge on the genetic background of FXI deficiency in Italy. Over 4 years, 22 index cases, eight with severe deficiency and 14 with partial deficiency, have been evaluated. A total of 21 different mutations in 30 disease-associated alleles were identified, 10 of which were novel. Among them, a novel Asp556Gly dysfunctional mutation was also identified. Glu117X was also detected, as previously reported from other patients in Italy, while again Phe283Leu was not identified. A total of 34 heterozygous relatives were also identified. Bleeding tendency was present in very few cases, being inconsistently related to the severity of FXI deficiency in plasma. In conclusion, at variance with other populations, no single major founder effect is present in Italian patients with FXI deficiency. © 2013 John Wiley & Sons Ltd. Source

Castaman G.,Hemophilia and Thrombosis Center | Bonetti E.,University of Verona | Messina M.,University of Turin | Morfini M.,University of Florence | And 3 more authors.
Haemophilia | Year: 2013

The prevalence of inhibitors in haemophilia B is significantly lower than that of patients with haemophilia A. However, the peculiar occurrence of allergic reactions associated with the onset of inhibitor in haemophilia B (HB) may render immune tolerance a risky procedure. We have carried out a detailed survey among all the Italian Hemophilia Centers to analyse all the patients with HB and inhibitors. A total of eight patients were reported among 282 living patients (2.8%) with severe factor IX (FIX) deficiency (FIX < 1 U dL-1). In addition, two deceased patients were also identified. Six patients carried nonsense mutations while in four partial or complete gene deletions were detected. Three patients (one deceased) had history of allergic/anaphylactic reaction upon substitutive treatment, which in one case was recurrent and resolved after switching to plasma derived FIX. Immune tolerance was adopted in five patients and in four complete response was achieved while in the remaining it was partial. No nephrotic syndrome was observed. Our data confirm that inhibitors in HB occur in patients with null mutations or complete/partial gene deletion. Immune tolerance can be achieved also in HB patients, without allergic reactions or nephrotic syndrome upon replacement therapy. © 2013 John Wiley & Sons Ltd. Source

Mancuso M.E.,Angelo Bianchi Bonomi Hemophilia and Thrombosis Center | Mannucci P.M.,University of Milan | Rocino A.,Hemophilia Center | Garagiola I.,Angelo Bianchi Bonomi Hemophilia and Thrombosis Center | And 2 more authors.
Journal of Thrombosis and Haemostasis | Year: 2012

Background: Inhibitor development is influenced by several factors and the type of factor VIII (FVIII) products may play a role. Objectives: In order to explore such a role, we designed a cohort study whose novelty resides in the classification of products not only according to the source of FVIII (plasmatic, pd, or recombinant, r) but also to their degree of purity (expressed as specific activity). Patients/Methods: Treatment data up to inhibitor development or 150 exposure days were collected in 377 patients with hemophilia A. Results: Inhibitors developed in 111 patients (29%; 96 high-responders, 25%). The cumulative incidence was progressively higher from patients treated with low/intermediate-purity pdFVIII compared with those treated with high-purity pd and rFVIII. The adjusted hazard ratio of inhibitor development was 4.9 with rFVIII and 2.0 with high-purity pdFVIII (95% CI, 2.9-8.3 and 1.1-4.0), taking as reference low/intermediate-purity pdFVIII. There was no difference in the frequency of inhibitor testing between treatment groups. Sensitivity analyses (in patients who never switched product type, previously untreated patients, those treated on-demand and those with high-risk F8 mutations) confirmed an increased inhibitor risk with rFVIII and high-purity pdFVIII. Conclusions: This study shows that the degree of purity of FVIII products influences inhibitor development independently from other risk factors, and emphasizes that differences exist within pdFVIII products. © 2012 International Society on Thrombosis and Haemostasis. Source

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