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Angels Camp, CA, United States

Kumar S.K.,Mayo Medical School | Flinn I.,Sarah Cannon Research Institute | Noga S.J.,Sinai Hospital of Baltimore | Hari P.,Medical College of Wisconsin | And 13 more authors.
Leukemia | Year: 2010

This phase 1 study (Clinicaltrials.gov: NCT00507442) was conducted to determine the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) of cyclophosphamide in combination with bortezomib, dexamethasone and lenalidomide (VDCR) and to assess the safety and efficacy of this combination in untreated multiple myeloma patients. Cohorts of three to six patients received a cyclophosphamide dosage of 100, 200, 300, 400 or 500 mg/m 2 (on days 1 and 8) plus bortezomib 1.3 mg/m 2 (on days 1, 4, 8 and 11), dexamethasone 40 mg (on days 1, 8 and 15) and lenalidomide 15 mg (on days 1-14), for eight 21-day induction cycles, followed by four 42-day maintenance cycles (bortezomib 1.3 mg/m 2, on days 1, 8, 15 and 22). The MTD was the cyclophosphamide dose below which more than one of six patients experienced a dose-limiting toxicity (DLT). Twenty-five patients were treated. Two DLTs were seen, of grade 4 febrile neutropenia (cyclophosphamide 400 mg/m 2) and grade 4 herpes zoster despite anti-viral prophylaxis (cyclophosphamide 500 mg/m 2). No cumulative hematological toxicity or thromboembolic episodes were reported. The overall response rate was 96%, including 20% stringent complete response (CR), 40% CR/near-complete response and 68% very good partial response. VDCR is well tolerated and highly active in this population. No MTD was reached; the recommended phase 2 cyclophosphamide dose in VDCR is 500 mg/m 2, which was the highest dose tested. © 2010 Macmillan Publishers Limited All rights reserved.

This prospective study described the trajectory of sexual well-being from before hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT) to 3 years after in 131 allogeneic and 146 autologous HCT recipients using Derogatis Interview for Sexual Function and Derogatis Global Sexual Satisfaction Index. Sixty-one percent of men and 37% of women were sexually active pre-HCT; the prevalence declined to 51%(P 5.01) in men and increased to 48% (P 5 .02) in women at 3 years post-HCT. After HCT, sexual satisfaction declined in both sexes (P < .001). All sexual function domains were worse in women compared with men (P ≤ .001). Orgasm (P 5 .002) and drive/relationship (P < .001) declined inmen, but sexual cognition/fantasy (P 5.01) and sexual behavior/ experience (P 5 .01) improved in women. Older age negatively impacted sexual function post-HCT in both sexes (P < .01). Chronic graft-versus-host disease was associated with lower sexual cognition/fantasy (P 5 .003) and orgasm (P 5 .006) in men and sexual arousal (P 5.05) and sexual satisfaction (P 5.005) in women. Allmale sexual function domains declined after total body irradiation (P < .05). This study identifies vulnerable subpopulations that could benefit from interventional strategies to improve sexual well-being. © 2013 by The American Society of Hematology.

Armenian S.H.,Population science | Sun C.-L.,Population science | Kawashima T.,Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center | Arora M.,University of Minnesota | And 14 more authors.
Blood | Year: 2011

HSCT is being increasingly offered as a curative option for children with hematologic malignancies. Although survival has improved, the long-term morbidity ascribed to the HSCT procedure is not known. We compared the risk of chronic health conditions and adverse health among children with cancer treated with HSCT with survivors treated conventionally, as well as with sibling controls. HSCT survivors were drawn from BMTSS (N = 145), whereas conventionally treated survivors (N = 7207) and siblings (N = 4020) were drawn from CCSS. Self-reported chronic conditions were graded with CTCAEv3.0. Fifty-nine percent of HSCT survivors reported ≥ 2 conditions, and 25.5% reported severe/life-threatening conditions. HSCT survivors were more likely than sibling controls to have severe/life-threatening (relative risk [RR] = 8.1, P < .01) and 2 or more (RR = 5.7, P < .01) conditions, as well as functional impairment (RR = 7.7, P < .01) and activity limitation (RR = 6.3, P < .01). More importantly, compared with CCSS survivors, BMTSS survivors demonstrated significantly elevated risks (severe/life-threatening conditions: RR = 3.9, P < .01; multiple conditions: RR = 2.6, P < .01; functional impairment: RR = 3.5, P < .01; activity limitation: RR = 5.8, P < .01). Unrelated donor HSCT recipients were at greatest risk. Childhood HSCT survivors carry a significantly greater burden of morbidity not only compared with noncancer populations but also compared with conventionally treated cancer patients, providing evidence for close monitoring of this high-risk population. © 2011 by The American Society of Hematology.

Chadalavada D.,Beckman Research Institute | Burnett J.C.,Beckman Research Institute | Chen R.W.,Hematology and Hematopoietic Cell Transplantation | Rossi J.J.,Beckman Research Institute
Comparative Medicine | Year: 2014

NOD.Cg-Prkdcscid Il2rgtm1Wjl/SzJ (NSG) mice are a superior strain for the engraftment of human tumors, as they provide an ideal model to explore the potency, toxicity, and dosage of therapeutic drugs. Although whole-body nonlethal irradiation is often performed to enhance engraftment, the need for irradiation to establish a human B-cell lymphoma model using the NSG strain has not been addressed. In the current study, a mouse model of B-cell lymphoma was established by intravenous injection of human B-cell lymphoma Z138 cells into mice with and without irradiation. Tumor development, signs of engraftment, survivability of engrafted mice, histopathology, and immunohistochemistry were evaluated. Potential sex-associated variations in the model were assessed also. Irradiation of NSG mice did not enhance tumor cell engraftment, and nonirradiated animals had increased survivability. Mice with irradiation survived for a median of 27 d before being euthanized due to signs of morbidity, whereas those without irradiation had a median survival of 35 d. Both irradiated and nonirradiated mice were normal in activity until 3 wk after the injection of cells. At that time, the mice started to show signs of lymphoma including ruffled fur, decreased activity, and hindlimb paralysis. There were no significant differences in evaluated parameters between male and female mice. Therefore, we conclude that a model of B-cell lymphoma can successfully be established by using Z138 cells in nonirradiated male and female NSG mice. Copyright 2014 by the American Association for Laboratory Animal Science.

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