de Guibert S.,University of Rennes 2 - Upper Brittany |
de Latour R.P.,Hematologie Greffe |
Varoqueaux N.,Alexion Pharma |
Labussiere H.,Hematologie Clinique |
And 11 more authors.
Background: Pregnancy in women with paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria is rare, with few reports on maternal and fetal mortality rates. Design and Methods: A specific questionnaire designed to solicit data on pregnancies in women with paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria was sent to all members of the French Society of Hematology in January 2008. Results: We identified 27 pregnancies in 22 women at 10 French Society of Hematology centers between 1978 and 2008. The median age was 21.5 years at diagnosis of paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria and 27 years at pregnancy. None of these women had received eculizumab during their pregnancy. Maternal complications, consisting mostly of cytopenias requiring transfusions, occurred in 95% of cases. Two cases of severe aplastic anemia (de novo in one case and relapse in the other) were recorded. No thrombotic events occurred during pregnancy, whereas 4 postpartum thromboses (16%) were recorded, 2 of which were fatal (maternal mortality rate 8%). Most patients received antithrombotic prophylaxis during pregnancy and postpartum (n=16; 64%). Delivery was preterm in 29% of cases, and birth weight was less than 3 kg in 53% of cases. Fetal mortality rate was 4%. Conclusions: Pregnancy during paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria is associated with increased maternal and fetal mortality rates (8% and 4%, respectively, in this series). Maternal mortality is related to postpartum thromboses. Prophylactic anticoagulation is recommended during pregnancy and for six weeks postpartum. © 2011 Ferrata Storti Foundation. Source
Soverini S.,University of Bologna |
Hochhaus A.,Universitatsklinikum Jena |
Nicolini F.E.,Hematologie Clinique |
Gruber F.,University of Tromso |
And 11 more authors.
Mutations in the Bcr-Abl kinase domain may cause, or contribute to, resistance to tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs) in chronic myeloid leukemia patients. Recommendations aimed to rationalize the use of BCR-ABL mutation testing in chronic myeloid leukemia have been compiled by a panel of experts appointed by the European LeukemiaNet (ELN) and European Treatment and Outcome Study and are here reported. Based on a critical review of the literature and, whenever necessary, on panelists' experience, key issues were identified and discussed concerning: (1) when to perform mutation analysis, (2) how to perform it, and (3) how to translate results into clinical practice. In chronic phase patients receiving imatinib first-line, mutation analysis is recommended only in case of failure or suboptimal response according to the ELN criteria. In imatinib-resistant patients receiving an alternative TKI, mutation analysis is recommended in case of hematologic or cytogenetic failure as provisionally defined by the ELN. The recommended methodology is direct sequencing, although it may be preceded by screening with other techniques, such as denaturing-high performance liquid chromatography. In all the cases outlined within this abstract, a positive result is an indication for therapeutic change. Some specific mutations weigh on TKI selection. © 2011 by The American Society of Hematology. Source
Expanding Nilotinib Access in Clinical Trials (ENACT): An open-label, multicenter study of oral nilotinib in adult patients with imatinib-resistant or imatinib-intolerant Philadelphia chromosome-positive chronic myeloid leukemia in the chronic phase
Nicolini F.E.,Hematologie Clinique |
Turkina A.,Hematology Research Center |
Shen Z.-X.,Shanghai Ruijin Hospital |
Gallagher N.,Novartis |
And 6 more authors.
BACKGROUND: Nilotinib is a selective, potent BCR-ABL inhibitor. Previous studies demonstrated the efficacy and safety of nilotinib in Philadelphia chromosome-positive chronic myeloid leukemia patients in chronic phase (CML-CP) or accelerated phase who failed prior imatinib. METHODS: This expanded access trial further characterized the safety of nilotinib 400 mg twice daily in patients with CML-CP (N = 1422). RESULTS: In this large, heavily pretreated population, nilotinib demonstrated significant efficacy, with complete hematologic response and complete cytogenetic response achieved in 43% and 34% of patients, respectively. Responses were rapid, mostly occurring within 6 months, and were higher in patients with suboptimal response to imatinib, with 75% and 50% achieving major cytogenetic response and complete cytogenetic response, respectively. At 18 months, the progression-free survival rate was 80%. Most patients achieved planned dosing of 400 mg twice daily and maintained the dose >12 months. Nonhematologic adverse events (AEs) were mostly mild to moderate and included rash (28%), headache (25%), and nausea (17%). Grade 3 or 4 thrombocytopenia (22%), neutropenia (14%), and anemia (3%) were low and managed by dose reduction or brief interruption. Grade 3 or 4 elevations in serum bilirubin and lipase occurred in 4% and 7% of patients, respectively. The incidence of newly occurring AEs decreased over time. Of patients who experienced a dose reduction because of AEs and attempted a re-escalation, 87% successfully achieved re-escalation to the full dose. CONCLUSIONS: This large study confirms that nilotinib was well tolerated and that grade 3 or 4 AEs occurred infrequently and were manageable through transient dose interruptions. Copyright © 2011 American Cancer Society. Source
Bridoux F.,University of Poitiers |
Leung N.,Mayo Medical School |
Hutchison C.A.,University of Otago |
Touchard G.,University of Poitiers |
And 11 more authors.
Monoclonal gammopathy of renal significance (MGRS) regroups all renal disorders caused by a monoclonal immunoglobulin (MIg) secreted by a nonmalignant B-cell clone. By definition, patients with MGRS do not meet the criteria for overt multiple myeloma/B-cell proliferation, and the hematologic disorder is generally consistent with monoclonal gammopathy of undetermined significance (MGUS). However, MGRS is associated with high morbidity due to the severity of renal and sometimes systemic lesions induced by the MIg. Early recognition is crucial, as suppression of MIg secretion by chemotherapy often improves outcomes. The spectrum of renal diseases in MGRS is wide, including old entities such as AL amyloidosis and newly described lesions, particularly proliferative glomerulonephritis with monoclonal Ig deposits and C3 glomerulopathy with monoclonal gammopathy. Kidney biopsy is indicated in most cases to determine the exact lesion associated with MGRS and evaluate its severity. Diagnosis requires integration of morphologic alterations by light microscopy, immunofluorescence (IF), electron microscopy, and in some cases by IF staining for Ig isotypes, immunoelectron microscopy, and proteomic analysis. Complete hematologic workup with serum and urine protein electrophoresis, immunofixation, and serum-free light-chain assay is required. This review addresses the pathologic and clinical features of MGRS lesions, indications of renal biopsy, and a proposed algorithm for the hematologic workup. © 2015 International Society of Nephrology. Source
Casasnovas R.-O.,Hematologie Clinique |
Berriolo-Riedinger A.,Center Georges Francois Leclerc |
Bardet S.,Center Francois Baclesse |
Vera P.,Center Henri Becquerel |
And 3 more authors.
The prognostic value of interim positron emission tomography (PET) interpreted according to visual criteria is a matter of debate in diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL). Maximal standardized uptake value reduction (ΔSUVmax) may better predict outcome. To compare the prognostic value of both methods, we analyzed PET done at baseline (PET0) and after 2 (PET2) and 4 (PET4) cycles in 85 patients with high-risk DLBCL enrolled on a prospective multicenter trial. All images were centrally reviewed and interpreted visually according to the International Harmonization Project criteria and by computing ΔSUVmax between PET0 and PET2 (ΔSUVmaxPET0-2) or PET4 (ΔSUVmaxPET0-4). Optimal cutoff to predict progression or death was 66% for ΔSUVmaxPET0-2 and 70% for ΔSUVmaxPET0-4. Outcomes did not differ significantly whether PET2 and PET4 were visually positive or negative. Inversely, ΔSUVmaxPET0-2 analysis (> 66% vs ≤ 66%) identified patients with significantly different 2-year progression-free survival (77% vs 57%; P = .0282) and overall survival (93% vs 60%; P < .0001). ΔSUVmaxPET0-4 analysis (> 70% vs ≤ 70%) seemed even more predictive for 2-year progression-free survival (83 vs 40%; P < .0001) and overall survival (94% vs 50%; P < .0001). ΔSUVmax analysis of sequential interim PET is feasible for highrisk DLBCL and better predicts outcome than visual analysis. The trial was registered at http://clinicaltrials.gov as NCT00498043. © 2011 by The American Society of Hematology. Source