The Helmholtz Association of German Research Centres is the largest scientific organisation in Germany. It is a union of 18 scientific-technical and biological-medical research centers. The official mission of the Association is "solving the grand challenges of science, society and industry". Scientists at Helmholtz therefore focus research on complex systems which affect human life and the environment. The namesake of the association is the German physiologist and physicist Hermann von Helmholtz.The annual budget of the Helmholtz Association amounts to more than 3.4 billion euros, of which about 70% is raised from public funds. The remaining 30% of the budget is acquired by the 18 individual Helmholtz Centres in the form of contract funding. The public funds are provided by the federal government and the rest by the States of Germany . Wikipedia.
Helmholtz Center Geesthacht | Date: 2013-03-25
The present invention relates to a process for joining workpieces made of zinc-containing aluminum alloys by laser beam welding, in which process a layer consisting of vanadium is introduced into the joining gap between the workpieces to be connected to avoid the formation of pores, and the workpieces are then connected to one another by laser beam welding.
Helmholtz Center Geesthacht | Date: 2015-09-04
A friction stir welding tool having a drivable pin, which is rotatable around an axis, a shoulder element, a first shoulder and at least one spring. The pin includes a cylindrical engagement section that has a circumferential surface that engages a workpiece. The shoulder element includes a contact surface extending transversely to the axis for engagement with the workpiece. The shoulder element includes a friction block connected in a non-rotatable manner to the pin, on which a first friction surface is formed extending around the axis. The first shoulder part includes a second friction surface connected thereto in a non-rotatable manner, extending around the axis. The first and second friction surfaces face one another. The at least one spring biases the first friction surface against the second friction surface. The contact surface is formed on the first shoulder part.
Helmholtz Center Geesthacht | Date: 2013-10-31
A Fischer-Tropsch process for producing hydrocarbons from synthesis gas which originates e.g. from biomass gasification, using membrane separators. In the process, an input stream which comprises hydrogen, carbon monoxide as well as further gases and/or vapours is initially fed to a first membrane stage which comprises a steam-selective and carbon dioxide-selective membrane and through which at least some of the steam present in the input stream and some of the carbon dioxide present in the input stream are separated from the input stream to form a permeate stream of the first membrane stage comprising steam and carbon dioxide and a retentate stream of the first membrane stage containing hydrogen and carbon monoxide.
Helmholtz Center Geesthacht | Date: 2012-01-18
The present invention relates to single-phase solid solution magnesium alloys suitable for the applications as cast or wrought. These alloys are prepared by multi-microalloying with rare earth elements (including gadolinium, yttrium, dysprosium, samarium, lanthanum, cerium, neodymium and praseodymium). Each alloy contains 0.5 to less than 5 wt. % rare earth elements with a content of 0.05-2.0% by weight. The total amount of rare earth elements is controlled below 5% by weight in order for economical considerations. The amount of grain refiner calcium or zirconium is in the range of 0.05-0.6% by weight. These alloys can be prepared by die casting, permanent casting, chill casting, semi-solid processes, continuous casting and continuous twin roll casting.
Helmholtz Center Geesthacht | Date: 2013-06-28
Alloys based on titanium aluminides, such as (TiAl) which may be made through the use of casting or powder metallurgical processes and heat treatments. The alloys contain titanium, 38 to 46 atom % aluminum, and 5 to 10 atom % niobium, and they contain composite lamella structures with B19 phase and phase there in a volume ratio of the B19 phase to phase 0.05:1 and 20:1.