Patras, Greece

Hellenic Open University
Patras, Greece

The Hellenic Open University is a multi-school public university run by the Greek State. The institution, which is based in Patras, is unique in the Greek context in that it exclusively provides distance education at both undergraduate and postgraduate level. Wikipedia.

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Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: RIA | Phase: HCO-06-2015 | Award Amount: 2.98M | Year: 2015

Smoking is the largest avoidable cause of preventable morbidity worldwide. It causes most of the cases of lung cancer and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and contributes to the development of other lung diseases. The control of smoking is considered as a highly important intervention for the prevention of lung diseases. Tobacco consumption is highly influenced by socioeconomic factors. SmokeFreeBrain aims to address the effectiveness of a multi-level variety of interventions aiming at smoking cessation in high risk target groups within High Middle Income Countries (HMIC) such as unemployed young adults, COPD and asthma patients, as well as within the general population in Low Middle Income Countries (LMIC). The project addresses existing approaches aiming to prevent lung diseases caused by tobacco while at the same time it develops new treatments and analyzes their contextual adaptability to the local and global health care system. SmokeFreeBrain follows an interdisciplinary approach exploiting consortiums expertise in various relevant fields in order to generate new knowledge. State of the art techniques in toxicology, pulmonary medicine, neuroscience and behavior will be utilized to evaluate the effectiveness of: (i) Public Service Announcement (PSA) against smoking, (ii) the use of electronic cigarettes with and without nicotine as a harm reduction approach and/or cessation aid, (iii) a specifically developed neurofeedback intervention protocol against smoking addiction, (iv) a specifically developed intervention protocol based on behavioral therapy, social media/mobile apps and short text messages (sms) and (v) pharmacologic interventions. The main objective of the project is to evaluate the interventions in terms of health economics, by studying their cost-effectiveness, and proposing a scalable plan and a clear pathway to embedding the proposed interventions into policy and practice both in LMIC as well as in HMIC.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: RIA | Phase: REV-INEQUAL-06-2016 | Award Amount: 5.00M | Year: 2017

ISOTIS addresses the nature, causes and impact of early emerging social and educational inequalities in the context of socioeconomic, cultural and institutional processes. The aim is to contribute to effective policy and practice development to combat inequalities. Quasi-panels and pooled longitudinal datasets will be used to examine the variation in early educational gaps and developmental trajectories across countries, systems and time. To disentangle the complex interactions between characteristics of systems and target groups, ISOTIS will study significant immigrant, indigenous ethnic-cultural and low-income native groups, associated with persistent educational disadvantages. ISOTIS will examine current resources, experiences, aspirations, needs and well-being of children and parents in these groups in the context of acculturation and integration, and in relation to local and national policies. ISOTIS aims to contribute to effective policy and practice development by generating recommendations and concrete tools for (1) supporting disadvantaged families and communities in using their own cultural and linguistic resources to create safe and stimulating home environments for their children; for (2) creating effective and inclusive pedagogies in early childhood education and care centres and primary schools; for (3) professionalization of staff, centres and schools to improve quality and inclusiveness; for (4) establishing inter-agency coordination of support services to children and families; and for (5) developing policies to combat educational inequalities. ISOTIS will develop inter-linked programmes for parents, classrooms and professionals using Virtual Learning Environments for working in linguistically diverse contexts. All this work together is expected to support the education practice and policy field in Europe in meeting the challenges of reducing social and educational inequalities.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-CSA-Infra | Phase: INFRA-2007-2.2-01 | Award Amount: 12.88M | Year: 2008

In the framework of the KM3NeT Preparatory Phase project the strategic, legal and financial issues are addressed related to the construction of an European deep-sea infrastructure housing a cubic kilometre size Cherenkov neutrino telescope and providing access for deep-sea research. Many technical issues are already addressed in the KM3NeT Design Study, started in 2006, that at the end of its work will deliver a Technical Design Report for the KM3NeT Cherenkov neutrino telescope. KM3NeT has been included in the ESFRI European Roadmap for Research Infrastructures. The Preparatory Phase will provide the grounds to bring the project to its construction stage. The Consortium performing the Preparatory Phase will include the participants involved in the KM3NeT DS. The major stakeholders are present. The work performed in the Preparatory Phase will be structured in work packages aimed at addressing the following issues: political convergence towards a pan European facility; legal, governance and financial engineering; strategic issues and international networking; integration with regional and global marine and environmental systems (i.e. EMSO); preparing the production of the telescope components and the assembly and test of the system; definition of the data handling and dissemination scheme, and the operation of KM3NeT.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: RIA | Phase: DRS-19-2014 | Award Amount: 4.13M | Year: 2015

Current emergency systems and 112 services are based on legacy telecommunication technologies, which cannot cope with IP-based services that European citizens use every day. Some of the related limitations are the partial media support (so far, only voice calls and SMS are accepted), the lack of integration of social media, and the use of an analog modem for providing eCall services with limited data amount. As most operators have started migrating towards broadband IP-based infrastructures, current emergency systems need also to be upgraded/adapted in order to fulfill regulatory requirements in terms of Next Generation emergency services. he main objective of EMYNOS project is the design and implementation of a Next Generation platform capable of accommodating rich-media emergency calls that combine voice, text, and video, thus constituting a powerful tool for coordinating communication among citizens, call centers and first responders. Additionally, issues such as call routing/redirection to the closest-available call center, retrieval of the caller location, hoax calls prevention, support for people with disabilities, and integration of social media will be addressed. EMYNOS will enable users to make emergency calls across heterogeneous devices (e.g. PCs, TV sets, mobile, AAC and haptic devices) using various mature technologies, including those making use of the Session Initiation Protocol (SIP), the IP Multimedia Subsystem (IMS), and WebRTC framework. EMYNOS will also demonstrate how the eCall concept can benefit from the IP technologies by allowing audio-video calls towards the emergency call centers and complementing location information, with photos and videos. EMYNOS involves partners with complementary expertise (telecom/satellite operator, VoIP provider, eCall testers, end users), which together form the chain for the provision of emergency services and which will deliver the EMYNOS demonstrator that will be validated in operational environment (TRL 7)

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-FP | Phase: SSH.2013.3.2-2 | Award Amount: 3.29M | Year: 2014

In line with the EU strategies for 2020 and the need for a systemic and integrated approach to Early Childhood education and Care (ECEC), the project identifies eight key issues and questions for which effective policy measures and instruments should be developed. They concern assessing the impact of ECEC, optimizing quality and curricula for ECEC to increase effectiveness, raising the professional competencies of staff, monitoring and assuring quality of ECEC, increasing the inclusiveness of ECEC, in particular for socioeconomically disadvantaged children, funding of ECEC, and the need for innovative European indicators of childrens wellbeing. The project will address these issues in an integrative way by combining state-of-the-art knowledge of factors determining personal, social and economic benefits of ECEC with knowledge of the mechanisms determining access to and use of ECEC. In developing a European knowledge base for ECEC, we will add to the existing knowledge in two ways. First, we will include recent and ongoing ECEC research from several European countries. Second, we will include the perspectives of important stakeholders and integrate cultural beliefs and values. The central aim is to develop an evidence-based and culture-sensitive framework of (a) Developmental goals, quality assessment, curriculum approaches and policy measures for improving the quality and effectiveness of ECEC; and (b) Effective strategies of organizing, funding and governing ECEC that increase the impact of ECEC. Our interdisciplinary research team will construct this framework, based on the competencies and skills that young children need to develop in current societies, identify the conditions that have to be fulfilled to promote child development and wellbeing, and identify strategies and policy measures that support access to high quality provisions, and likely to receive broad support of stakeholders, thereby enhancing the impact of ECEC.

Zervas E.,Hellenic Open University
Fuel | Year: 2011

Engines of new passenger cars are tuned at the sea level. However, in several countries, a significant part of the engine operation is performed at higher altitudes than that of the sea level. The different air density can have a significant impact on fuel consumption. In the case of gasoline engines, the higher altitude theoretically leads to lower fuel consumption due to lower throttle frictions due to the wider throttle opening. From the other side, as the air is less dense at higher altitudes, the vehicle aerodynamic is changed and this also leads to lower fuel consumption. This work studies, on three regulated driving cycles, the impact of high altitude on the fuel consumption of a gasoline passenger car. The impact of changed vehicle aerodynamics of higher altitudes, through the change of deceleration times, on fuel consumption is also analyzed. © 2011 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Verykios V.S.,Hellenic Open University
Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews: Data Mining and Knowledge Discovery | Year: 2013

Privacy preserving data mining has been recently introduced to cope with privacy issues related to the data subjects in the course of the mining of the data. It has also been recognized that it is not only the data that need to be protected but sensitive knowledge hidden in the data as well. Knowledge hiding is an emerging area of research focusing on appropriately modifying the data in such a way that sensitive knowledge escapes the mining and is not communicated to the public for privacy purposes. This article investigates the development of techniques falling under the knowledge-hiding umbrella that pertain to the association rule-mining task. These techniques are known as association rule hiding or frequent pattern hiding approaches, and have been receiving a lot of attention lately because they touch upon important issues of handling a sort of commonly used patterns such as the frequent patterns and the association rules. We present an overview of this area as well as a taxonomy and a presentation of an important sample of algorithms. © 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. Copyright © 2013 John Wiley & Sons, Inc..

Mavroidis I.,Hellenic Open University | Ilia M.,Hellenic Open University
Atmospheric Environment | Year: 2012

This work presents a systematic analysis and evaluation of the historic and current levels of atmospheric pollution in the Athens metropolitan region, regarding nitrogen oxides (NO x = NO + NO 2), ozone (O 3) and the NO 2/NO x and NO/NO 2 concentration ratios. Hourly, daily, monthly, seasonal and annual pollutant variations are examined and compared, using the results of concentration time series from three different stations of the national network for air pollution monitoring, one urban-traffic, one urban-background and one suburban-background. Concentration data are also related to meteorological parameters. The results show that the traffic affected station of Patission Street presents the higher NO x values and the lower concentrations of O 3, while it is the station with the highest number of NO 2 limit exceedances. The monitoring data suggest, inter alia, that there is a change in the behaviour of the suburban-background station of Liossia at about year 2000, indicating that the exact location of this station may need to be reconsidered. Comparison of NO x concentrations in Athens with concentrations in urban areas of other countries reveal that the Patission urban-traffic station records very high NO x concentrations, while remarkably high is the ratio of NO 2 concentrations recorded at the urban-traffic vs. the urban-background station in Athens, indicating the overarching role of vehicles and traffic congestion on NO 2 formation. The NO 2/NO x ratio in the urban-traffic station appears to be almost constant with time, while it has been increasing in other urban areas, such as London and Seoul, suggesting an increased effect of primary NO 2 in these areas. Diesel passenger cars were only recently allowed in Athens and, therefore, NO 2 trends should be carefully monitored since a possible increase in primary NO 2 may affect compliance with NO 2 air quality standards. © 2012 Elsevier Ltd.

The transition from fast spontaneous urbanisation in southern Europe, with popular squatting as a form of civil disobedience, to 'new social movements' (NSMs) for democratic globalisation in cities, is taking place in the context of a broader transition. In the 20th century, there were unstable politics, civil wars and also still dictatorships in the south, which contributed in a north-south divide in Europe, engulfing civil societies, the welfare state, planning and grassroots mobilisations for a 'right to the city'. This paper focuses on social transformation during the 21st century and points to three directions. First, it explores the nature of several NSMs as urban social movements (USMs) organised by loosely networked cosmopolitan collectivities, social centres and flâneur activists demanding a 'right to the city', and interprets this with reference to globalisation, democratisation and the Europeanisation of southern civil societies. Secondly, it unveils innovative forms of 'urban' mobilisations in the south, influencing the rest of the Europe: squatting in the past, social centres and the ESF (both starting in Italy) at present. Thirdly, it traces transformations of USMs between two centuries and argues about the deconstruction of the north-south divide in Europe with regard to movements and definitions of the 'right to the city'. Mediterranean USMs have offered new insights and have broadened geographical imaginations in Europe. © 2010 Urban Studies Journal Limited.

Niakas D.,Hellenic Open University
International Journal of Health Services | Year: 2013

In an era of economic crisis in Greece and with many uninsured citizens, the Troika (lenders of Greece) suggests reforms and promotes the internal market, resulting in a public-private system becoming more privatized. This article contradicts these proposals and attempts to suggest the necessary reforms to achieve equity of access for all and to promote efficiency, taking into account the existing needs of the population and the recession of the Greek economy. © 2013, Baywood Publishing Co., Inc.

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