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Ymittos Athens, Greece

Bokan S.,13 Brune Busica Street | Chalaris M.,Hellenic Fire Corps Headquarters | Stavrakakis P.,Hellenic National Defense General Staff | Sarafis P.,Athens Naval and Veterans Hospital
Journal of Environmental Protection and Ecology | Year: 2010

The South-Eastern Europe Defence Ministers on December 2001 endorsed the establishment of a Working Group on 'Defence/Military Support to Weapon Mass Destruction (WMD) Counter-Proliferation, Border Security, and Counter-Terrorism' (CBSC) as a result of a decade of changes in South-Eastern Europe (SEE), the terrorist events of Sep. 11 in the USA, and the related NATO process of adaptation to the new security environment, reinforced awareness within the international community of the need for preventing and countering WMD proliferation, strengthening border security, and taking concrete steps to combat and deter international terrorism in all its forms. The changing international security environment and the emergence of asymmetric and non-conventional threats in SEE created the need for a regional approach to develop common plans and strategies through enhancing coordination among the different security agencies. This initiative fully supports current international efforts to promote CBSC in SEE, taking also into account other initiatives in the region sponsored by the UN, EU, NATO and OSCE. Since the establishment of the CBSC WG, the WG members participated in a lot of activities including a number of relevant seminars and conferences organised by SEDM nations, and they also push forward measures to improve transparency and visibility of the WG, by opening up to cooperation with other organisations and processes. The main threat today undoubtedly is CBRN terrorism. International terrorism includes spreading of WMD technology and expertise. WMD information is widely accessible and highly-trained engineers and physicists employed spreading throughout the world. Organised and general international crimes include the smuggling of WMD and related material, dual-use goods and transfers of NBC technologies, equipment, agents and knowledge. Source


Sarafis P.,Athens Naval and Veterans Hospital | Dallas D.,251 Air Force Hospital | Sotiriadou K.,223 Greek Army Hospital | Stavrakakis P.,LCDR Hellenic NAVY MoD | Chalaris M.,Hellenic Fire Corps Headquarters
Journal of Environmental Protection and Ecology | Year: 2010

'Dark room' disease describes a collection of symptoms that some healthcare workers experience when exposed to film-processing chemicals. The purpose of this article is to examine the symptoms that are relevant to the use of these substances by radiology technicians (RT) and to investigate the practical precautions that should be taken by the employer and the radiographer in order to protect the radiographer from developing the 'dark room' disease. Source


Sarafis P.,LMU | Stavrakakis P.,Hellenic National Defense General Staff | Chalaris M.,Hellenic Fire Corps Headquarters | Stamataki P.,Athens Naval and Veterans Hospital | And 2 more authors.
Journal of Environmental Protection and Ecology | Year: 2010

The field of infectious disease is vast, complex and rapidly expanding. New advances in diagnostic testing, the development of new antimicrobial therapies and even the emergence of novel infectious diseases requirediligent study by medical practitioners to remain current. International travelling can pose various risks to health, depending on the characteristics of both the traveller and the travel. Travellers may encounter sudden and significant changes in altitude, humidity, microbes and temperature, which can result in ill-health. In addition, serious health risks may arise in areas where accommodation is of poor quality, hygiene and sanitation are inadequate, medical services are not well developed and clean water is unavailable. The purpose of this paper is to highlight the details and impact of 4 significant diseases that pose a threat to public health.Specifically issues are such as the cause, transmission, geographical distribution, nature of disease and precautions of SARS, influenza, chikungunya and avian flu. Source


Chalaris M.,Hellenic Fire Corps Headquarters | Stavrakakis P.,Hellenic National Defense General Staff | Sarafis P.,Athens Naval and Veterans Hospital
Journal of Environmental Protection and Ecology | Year: 2010

Many scientists and politics argued that 'tomorrow's threat may include the use of chemicals, bacteriological agents, radioactive materials and even nuclear technology. In the present paper we describe the Risk Assessment Analysis of Chemical, Biological, Radiological and Nuclear (CBRN) threat in the EU emphasised in South-east European countries. This paper draws upon material available in the public domain to address three questions: What are chemical, biological, radiological and nuclear weapons, and how available are they?; What could terrorists do with CBRN?, and Why and how serious is the danger overall? Nowadays, the most serious threats considered to be, firstly, the chemical and biological, and secondly the nuclear. The dissemination of CBRN as weapons of mass destructioon (WMD) is one of the most crucial issues of international security. The vivid effusion of this phenomenon in the region of Middle East and North Africa has possible consequences limited within the boundaries of this particular region. The terrorist organisations considered to be, by governments and the international community, a possible threat. In such a framework of the international environment, South-east European countries seems to live in. These countries, through their participation in international organisations exercise pressure for the termination, reduction and control of the accession of CBRN weapons. In this paper, are presented the most crucial proposals that could offer solutions to the present institutional framework which rules the risk assessment procedure on European, regional and national level. Source


Sarafis P.,Athens Naval and Veterans Hospital | Sotiriadou K.,251 Air Force Hospital | Dallas D.,223 Greek Army Hospital | Stavrakakis P.,LCDR Hellenic NAVY MoD | Chalaris M.,Hellenic Fire Corps Headquarters
Journal of Environmental Protection and Ecology | Year: 2010

In the present article we study, from theoretical point of view, the sick-building syndrome (SBS). We analyse more than 50 symptoms that are reported by those who suffer from the SBS. In addition, the most important factors that lead to the development of SBS are distinguished and we mention the substances that generally seem to cause SBS. Moreover, a model about the prediction and ascertainment of SBS has been proposed. Finally, overall rules for prevention and confrontation of this problem are suggested. Source

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