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Agency: Cordis | Branch: H2020 | Program: RIA | Phase: SFS-11b-2015 | Award Amount: 6.92M | Year: 2016

Aquaculture is one of five sectors in the EUs Blue Growth Strategy, aimed at harnessing untapped potential for food production and jobs whilst focusing on environmental sustainability. TAPAS addresses this challenge by supporting member states to establish a coherent and efficient regulatory framework aimed at sustainable growth. TAPAS will use a requirements analysis to evaluate existing regulatory and licensing frameworks across the EU, taking account of the range of production environments and specificities and emerging approaches such as offshore technologies, integrated multi-trophic aquaculture, and integration with other sectors. We will propose new, flexible approaches to open methods of coordination, working to unified, common standards. TAPAS will also evaluate existing tools for economic assessment of aquaculture sustainability affecting sectoral growth. TAPAS will critically evaluate the capabilities and verification level of existing ecosystem planning tools and will develop new approaches for evaluation of carrying capacities, environmental impact and future risk. TAPAS will improve existing and develop new models for far- and near-field environmental assessment providing better monitoring, observation, forecasting and early warning technologies. The innovative methodologies and components emerging from TAPAS will be integrated in an Aquaculture Sustainability Toolbox complemented by a decision support system to support the development and implementation of coastal and marine spatial planning enabling less costly, more transparent and more efficient licensing. TAPAS partners will collaborate with key industry regulators and certifiers through case studies to ensure the acceptability and utility of project approach and outcomes. Training, dissemination and outreach activities will specifically target improvement of the image of European aquaculture and uptake of outputs by regulators, while promoting an integrated sustainable strategy for development.

Agency: Cordis | Branch: H2020 | Program: CSA | Phase: BG-16-2015 | Award Amount: 2.02M | Year: 2016

CSA Oceans 2 is a 36 month project with the general aim to facilitate and support the implementation of the Strategic Research and Innovation Agenda (SRIA) of JPI Oceans. CSA Oceans 2 will build further on the outcomes of the FP7 CSA Oceans project. To achieve the objective above the project has been organised in five work packages: - WP1 will allow to link closely the project with the JPI Oceans structures namely the Management Board, the Executive Committee, Strategic Advisory Board and the JPI Oceans Secretariat and involve them in the CSA activities - WP2 will deal with the implementation of joint transnational activities and will facilitate the organisation of the activities, it will guide the member countries in identifying and selecting the best fit for purpose (new) tools and provide a framework for evaluating, assessing and monitoring of the actions - WP3 aims at maintaining and further developing the relationships between JPI Oceans with different relevant actors (research funding organisations (RFOs), Ministries, research performing organisations (RPOs), industry and partners outside of the EU) in the field of marine and maritime sciences in supporting the implementation of JPI Oceans agreed actions - WP4 will support the implementation of the SRIA through thematic foresight mechanisms and will design a process for JPI Oceans to update its SRIA, Implementation Plan and Operational plan. - WP5 will deliver the necessary tools for the information management as well as outreach and dissemination of CSA Oceans 2 project and JPI Oceans activities. The CSA Oceans 2 project will be performed by a consortium of a mix of funding, coordinating and research performing organisations. All are members of the JPI Oceans Management Board or have a close connection to their national Management Board member.

Chronis T.G.,Hellenic Center for Marine Research
Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres | Year: 2012

The first Precision Lightning Network, monitoring the Cloud-to-Ground (CG) lightning stroke activity over Greece and surrounding waters is operated and maintained by the Hellenic National Meteorological Service. This paper studies the regional (land/water interface), seasonal and diurnal variability of the CG strokes as a function of density, polarity and peak current. Additional investigation uniquely links the CG stroke current to sea surface salinity and cloud electrical capacitance. In brief, this study's major findings area as follows: (1) The seasonal maps of thunder days agree well with the regional climatic convective characteristics of the study area, (2) the CG diurnal variability is consistent with the global lightning activity observations over land and ocean, (3) the maxima of monthly averaged CG counts are located over land and water during typical summer and fall months respectively for both polarities, (4) CG peak currents show a distinct seasonality with larger currents during relatively colder months and smaller currents during summer months, and (5) strong linear trends between -CGs and sea surface salinity; (6) this trend is absent for +CGs data analysis of the employed database relate to the thunderstorm's RC constant and agrees with previous numerical modeling studies. Copyright 2012 by the American Geophysical Union. Source

Soukissian T.,Hellenic Center for Marine Research
Applied Energy | Year: 2013

Weibull distribution is widely suggested for modeling the behavior of offshore wind speeds. However, it has been often proved to be inadequate, while its indiscriminate use is not justified. Thus, in order to minimize estimation errors in offshore wind energy, it is necessary to select the most appropriate distribution for the wind climate description of a specific area. In this context, the performance of several probability distributions for offshore wind speed modeling, using long-term time series from 11 buoys in Eastern Mediterranean Sea (Greek waters) and 8 buoys in Western Mediterranean Sea (Spanish coastal waters) will be assessed for the first time here. We focus on the efficiency of three bounded multi-parameter distributions: Wakeby and Kappa, that have performed very well in completely different areas of the US coasts, Atlantic and Pacific Oceans, and Johnson SB distribution, which is introduced here for the first time. It is shown that Johnson SB, Kappa and Wakeby distributions accurately describe the empirical distribution of offshore wind speed; they have better adaptability than the 3-parameter Weibull distribution and qualify as reliable and prominent candidates for the assessment of offshore wind speed in any sea area. Moreover, Johnson SB is the only distribution that suits very well for all examined cases, providing consistently fair fits with respect to all goodness-of-fit tests applied. Alternative criteria, such as the performance of the examined probability models in terms of wind power density and average wind turbine power, have also been used for evaluating the fitted wind speed distributions. In this case the results proved to be different. © 2013 Elsevier Ltd. Source

Agency: Cordis | Branch: H2020 | Program: RIA | Phase: INFRAIA-1-2014-2015 | Award Amount: 10.00M | Year: 2015

The coastal area is the most productive and dynamic environment of the world ocean with significant resources and services for mankind. JERICO-NEXT (33 organizations from 15 countries) emphasizes that the complexity of the coastal ocean cannot be well understood if interconnection between physics, biogeochemistry and biology is not guaranteed. Such an integration requires new technological developments allowing continuous monitoring of a larger set of parameters. In the continuity of JERICO(FP7), the objective of JERICO-NEXT consists in strengthening and enlarging a solid and transparent European network in providing operational services for the timely, continuous and sustainable delivery of high quality environmental data and information products related to marine environment in European coastal seas Other objectives are: Support European coastal research communities, enable free and open access to data, enhance the readiness of new observing platform networks by increasing the performance of sensors, showcase of the adequacy of the so-developed observing technologies and strategies, propose a medium-term roadmap for coastal observatories through a permanent dialogue with stakeholders. Innovation JERICO-NEXT is based of a set of technological and methodological innovations. One main innovation potential is to provide a simple access to a large set of validated crucial information to understand the global change in coastal areas. Although JERICO-NEXT already includes industrial partners, it will be open to other research institutes, laboratories and private companies which could become associated partners to the project. Added values of JERICO NEXT JERICO-RI shall send data and information in an operational mode to European data systems, with dedicated service access. One of the strengths of JERICO-NEXT lies in the fact that technological and methodological developments shall be deployed in natural environment.

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