HELIOS Klinikum GmbH Berlin

Berlin, Germany

HELIOS Klinikum GmbH Berlin

Berlin, Germany
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Friedrich-freksa M.,HELIOS Klinikum GmbH Berlin | Schulz E.,Klinikum GmbH Berlin | Nitzke T.,HELIOS Klinikum GmbH Berlin | Wenzel O.,HELIOS Klinikum GmbH Berlin | Popken G.,HELIOS Klinikum GmbH Berlin
International Braz J Urol | Year: 2012

Purpose: To assess the feasibility and performance of radical cystectomy with urinary diversion using exclusively regional anesthesia (i.e. combined spinal thoracic epidural anesthesia, CSTEA). Materials and Methods: In 2011 radical cystectomy with extended pelvic and iliac lymphadenectomy was performed on 14 patients using urinary diversion without applying general anesthesia. Under maintained spontaneous breathing, the patients were awake and responsive during the entire procedure. Postoperatively, pain management took three days with the remaining epidural catheter before oral analgesics were administered. Mobilization and diet restoration were carried out according to the fast-track concept. Outcome measurements included operative time, blood loss, beginning of oral nutrition, beginning of mobilization, postoperative pain levels using numerical and visual analog scales (NAS/VAS), length of hospital stay. Results: All surgical procedures were performed without any complications. The absence of general anesthesia did not result in any relevant disadvantages. The postoperative progress was normal in all patients. Particularly, cardiopulmonary complications and enteroparesis did not occur. The provided palliative care proved sufficient (NAS max. 3-4). Discharge followed 10 to 22 days after surgery. At the time of discharge, the patients described the procedure to be relatively positive. Conclusions: Our data show that CSTEA is an effective technique for radical cystectomy, whereby spontaneous breathing and reduced interference with the cardiopulmonary system potentially lower the perioperative risks especially for high-risk patients. We recommend practice of CSTEA for radical cystectomy to further evaluate and monitor the safety, efficacy, outcomes, and complications of CSTEA.


Friedrich-Freksa M.,HELIOS Klinikum GmbH Berlin | Schulz E.,Klinikum GmbH Berlin | Nitzke T.,HELIOS Klinikum GmbH Berlin | Wenzel O.,HELIOS Klinikum GmbH Berlin | Popken G.,HELIOS Klinikum GmbH Berlin
Urologia Internationalis | Year: 2013

Objective: To assess the feasibility and performance of radical cystectomy with urinary diversion using exclusively regional anesthesia (i.e. combined spinal thoracic epidural anesthesia, CSTEA), avoiding the adverse effects of general anesthesia. Materials and Methods: In our hospital, radical cystectomy with extended pelvic and iliac lymphadenectomy and urinary diversion was performed on 28 patients using CSTEA without applying general anesthesia, in 2011 and 2012. Under maintained spontaneous breathing, the patients were awake and responsive during the entire procedure. Outcome measurements included operative time, blood loss, start of oral nutrition, start of mobilization, postoperative pain levels using numerical and visual analog scales (NAS/VAS), postoperative complications according to the Clavien-Dindo classification and length of hospital stay. Results: All surgical procedures were performed without any complications and caused no anesthesiologically or surgically untoward effects. We observed no more severe complications than grade 1 according to the Clavien-Dindo classification. Conclusions: Our data show that CSTEA is an effective and safe technique for radical cystectomy, whereby spontaneous breathing and reduced interference with the cardiopulmonary system potentially lower the perioperative risks, especially for high-risk patients. We recommend practice of CSTEA for radical cystectomy to further evaluate and monitor the safety, efficacy, outcomes and complications of CSTEA. Copyright © 2013 S. Karger AG, Basel.


PubMed | HELIOS Klinikum GmbH Berlin
Type: Journal Article | Journal: International braz j urol : official journal of the Brazilian Society of Urology | Year: 2012

To assess the feasibility and performance of radical cystectomy with urinary diversion using exclusively regional anesthesia (i.e. combined spinal thoracic epidural anesthesia, CSTEA).In 2011 radical cystectomy with extended pelvic and iliac lymphadenectomy was performed on 14 patients using urinary diversion without applying general anesthesia. Under maintained spontaneous breathing, the patients were awake and responsive during the entire procedure. Postoperatively, pain management took three days with the remaining epidural catheter before oral analgesics were administered. Mobilization and diet restoration were carried out according to the fast-track concept. Outcome measurements included operative time, blood loss, beginning of oral nutrition, beginning of mobilization, postoperative pain levels using numerical and visual analog scales (NAS/VAS), length of hospital stay.All surgical procedures were performed without any complications. The absence of general anesthesia did not result in any relevant disadvantages. The postoperative progress was normal in all patients. Particularly, cardiopulmonary complications and enteroparesis did not occur. The provided palliative care proved sufficient (NAS max. 3-4). Discharge followed 10 to 22 days after surgery. At the time of discharge, the patients described the procedure to be relatively positive.Our data show that CSTEA is an effective technique for radical cystectomy, whereby spontaneous breathing and reduced interference with the cardiopulmonary system potentially lower the perioperative risks especially for high-risk patients. We recommend practice of CSTEA for radical cystectomy to further evaluate and monitor the safety, efficacy, outcomes, and complications of CSTEA.


PubMed | HELIOS Klinikum GmbH Berlin
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Urologia internationalis | Year: 2013

To assess the feasibility and performance of radical cystectomy with urinary diversion using exclusively regional anesthesia (i.e. combined spinal thoracic epidural anesthesia, CSTEA), avoiding the adverse effects of general anesthesia.In our hospital, radical cystectomy with extended pelvic and iliac lymphadenectomy and urinary diversion was performed on 28 patients using CSTEA without applying general anesthesia, in 2011 and 2012. Under maintained spontaneous breathing, the patients were awake and responsive during the entire procedure. Outcome measurements included operative time, blood loss, start of oral nutrition, start of mobilization, postoperative pain levels using numerical and visual analog scales (NAS/VAS), postoperative complications according to the Clavien-Dindo classification and length of hospital stay.All surgical procedures were performed without any complications and caused no anesthesiologically or surgically untoward effects. We observed no more severe complications than grade 1 according to the Clavien-Dindo classification.Our data show that CSTEA is an effective and safe technique for radical cystectomy, whereby spontaneous breathing and reduced interference with the cardiopulmonary system potentially lower the perioperative risks, especially for high-risk patients. We recommend practice of CSTEA for radical cystectomy to further evaluate and monitor the safety, efficacy, outcomes and complications of CSTEA.

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