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Hamburg, Germany

Parvizi J.,Thomas Jefferson University | Gehrke T.,Helios ENDO Klinik Hamburg | Chen A.F.,Rothman Institute
Bone and Joint Journal

Louis Pasteur once said that: "Fortune favours the prepared mind." As one of the great scientists who contributed to the fight against infection, he emphasised the importance of being prepared at all times to recognise infection and deal with it. Despite the many scientific discoveries and technological advances, such as the advent of antibiotics and the use of sterile techniques, infection continues to be a problem that haunts orthopaedic surgeons and inflicts suffering on patients. The medical community has implemented many practices with the intention of preventing infection and treating it effectively when it occurs. Although high-level evidence may support some of these practices, many are based on little to no scientific foundation. Thus, around the world, there is great variation in practices for the prevention and management of periprosthetic joint infection. This paper summaries the instigation, conduct and findings of a recent International Consensus Meeting on Surgical Site and Periprosthetic Joint Infection. © 2013 The British Editorial Society of Bone & Joint Surgery. Source

Klauser W.,Helios ENDO Klinik Hamburg | Dutsch M.,Helios ENDO Klinik
Musculoskeletal Surgery

Within the past 5 years, the oral anticoagulants rivaroxaban, apixaban, and dabigatran etexilate have been approved for the prevention of venous thromboembolism in adult patients after elective hip or knee arthroplasty in the European Union and many other countries worldwide. These agents differ from the previously available anticoagulants because they selectively and directly inhibit a single factor in the coagulation cascade - rivaroxaban and apixaban inhibit Factor Xa, and dabigatran inhibits Factor IIa (thrombin) - potentially enhancing the predictability of their anticoagulant effect. Currently, although some guidelines provide recommendations for the use of rivaroxaban, dabigatran etexilate, and apixaban in clinical practice, there are still questions regarding the optimal practical management of patients receiving these agents. This article briefly reviews the practical limitations associated with conventional anticoagulants, discusses potential issues with the practical management of the newer oral anticoagulants, and provides clinical experience from a single institution where rivaroxaban and dabigatran etexilate have been used within their approved indications. © 2013 The Author(s). Source

Burghardt R.D.,Helios ENDO Klinik Hamburg
Chinese journal of traumatology = Zhonghua chuang shang za zhi / Chinese Medical Association

Compartment syndrome of the thigh is a rare condition, potentially resulting in devastating functional outcome. Increasing intracompartmental pressure which suppresses microcirculation and capillary perfusion may lead to cellular anoxia and muscle ischemia. The muscle compartments in the thigh have a more compliant fascia and blend anatomically into the open compartments of the pelvis, thus compensating higher volumes than the compartments in the lower leg. We present a previously unreported case in which the limb of a 36-year-old man was run over by a 25-ton truck. He presented with a sensomotor deficit in his left lower leg with full paralysis of the shank muscles and absence of all foot pulses. CT scan showed a huge haematoma in the thigh with active bleeding out of the popliteal artery into the haematoma which has already expanded into the muscle compartments of the lower leg. The limb had a disastrous compartment syndrome of the thigh and lower leg with disruption of the popliteal neurovascular bundle; however, no bones in the limb were fractured. A complete fasciotomy of all the lower limb muscle compartments was immediately performed. The artery was reconstructed with interposition of the smaller saphenous vein, which was already interrupted through the initial trauma. Source

Gehrke T.,Helios ENDO Klinik Hamburg
The bone & joint journal

Based on the first implementation of mixing antibiotics into bone cement in the 1970s, the Endo-Klinik has used one stage exchange for prosthetic joint infection (PJI) in over 85% of cases. Looking carefully at current literature and guidelines for PJI treatment, there is no clear evidence that a two stage procedure has a higher success rate than a one-stage approach. A cemented one-stage exchange potentially offers certain advantages, mainly based on the need for only one operative procedure, reduced antibiotics and hospitalisation time. In order to fulfill a one-stage approach, there are obligatory pre-, peri- and post-operative details that need to be meticulously respected, and are described in detail. Essential pre-operative diagnostic testing is based on the joint aspiration with an exact identification of any bacteria. The presence of a positive bacterial culture and respective antibiogram are essential, to specify the antibiotics to be loaded to the bone cement, which allows a high local antibiotic elution directly at the surgical side. A specific antibiotic treatment plan is generated by a microbiologist. The surgical success relies on the complete removal of all pre-existing hardware, including cement and restrictors and an aggressive and complete debridement of any infected soft tissues and bone material. Post-operative systemic antibiotic administration is usually completed after only ten to 14 days. Source

Gehrke T.,Helios ENDO Klinik Hamburg
The bone & joint journal

Femoral revision after cemented total hip replacement (THR) might include technical difficulties, following essential cement removal, which might lead to further loss of bone and consequently inadequate fixation of the subsequent revision stem. Femoral impaction allografting has been widely used in revision surgery for the acetabulum, and subsequently for the femur. In combination with a primary cemented stem, impaction grafting allows for femoral bone restoration through incorporation and remodelling of the impacted morsellized bone graft by the host skeleton. Cavitary bone defects affecting meta-physis and diaphysis leading to a wide femoral shaft, are ideal indications for this technique. Cancellous allograft bone chips of 1 mm to 2 mm size are used, and tapered into the canal with rods of increasing diameters. To impact the bone chips into the femoral canal a prosthesis dummy of the same dimensions of the definitive cemented stem is driven into the femur to ensure that the chips are very firmly impacted. Finally, a standard stem is cemented into the neo-medullary canal using bone cement. To date several studies have shown favourable results with this technique, with some excellent long-term results reported in independent clinical centres worldwide. Source

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