Hirve S.,Hospital Research Center |
Martini E.,Helen Keller International |
Juvekar S.K.,Hospital Research Center |
Agarwal D.,Hospital Research Center |
And 7 more authors.
Indian Journal of Pediatrics | Year: 2013
Objective To assess the effectiveness of micronutrient powder (MNP) supplementation in reducing anemia levels in children aged 6 mo to 6 y in India. Methods Sixty sachets of MNP (Sprinkles Plus) were administered flexibly over a 4 mo period to 17,124 children at anganwadi centers or at home through Integrated Child Development Services (ICDS). Compliance was monitored using compliance cards and an assessment of mother's recall at post-intervention survey. Hemoglobin was measured in separate random samples of 1,786 children before and 1,782 children after MNP supplementation. Results Mean compliance rate was estimated at 56.4%(based on mother's recall) and 91.7 % (based on compliance cards) for children who received MNP at home. Mean compliance was 96.9 % (based on compliance cards) for children who received MNP at anganwadis. A significant reduction in anemia (50%to 33%in boys; p-value<.000; 47.4%to 34.2%in girls) was seen following MNP supplementation. Conclusions Integration of a flexibly administered MNP supplementation into the ICDS is effective in reducing and treating anemia in children 6 mo to 6 y age. © Dr. K C Chaudhuri Foundation 2013.