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Li X.,Harbin Medical University | Zhou J.-Y.,Harbin Medical University | Yang Q.-W.,Harbin Medical University | Chen Y.,Harbin Medical University | And 2 more authors.
Journal of Asian Natural Products Research | Year: 2011

Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) is the most important cause of lower respiratory tract infection in infants and young children. With the emergence of drug-resistant strains of RSV, new antiviral agents are needed urgently. Gentiana rigescens is a kind of Chinese herb, belonging to Gentianaceae, which has long been used as a folk medicine for curing inflammation, bacterial infection, viral infection, and so on. In this research, polysaccharide designated RG4-1 was isolated from G. rigescens by hot water extraction, ethanol precipitation, and macroreticular adsorbing resin column chromatography, and its antiviral activity, cytotoxicity, and possible antiviral mechanisms were assayed by cytopathogenic effect inhibition assay, 3-(4,5-dimethythiazol-2-yl)- 2,5-diphenyl tetrazolium bromide (MTT) assay, and plaque reduction assay. RG4-1 was a fructose-binding lectin. In host cell cultures, RG4-1 was found to be an effective antiviral component against RSV. It showed good inhibitory effect against RSV when it was added 2h after virus infection with 50% effective concentration of 12.86μg/ml. RG4-1 also displayed its direct inactivation, attachment inhibition effect, and penetration inhibition effect against RSV. A time-dependent experiment was set up to confirm that RG4-1 blocked RSV infection at early stages of the infection. But RG4-1 seemed to be ineffective against intracellular virus and viral biosynthesis. © 2011 Taylor & Francis. Source


Yang G.-E.,Toho University | Yang G.-E.,Shanxi Medical University | Li W.,Toho University | Huang C.,Toho University | And 4 more authors.
Chemistry of Natural Compounds | Year: 2011

A new phenolic glycoside was isolated from the stems of Acanthopanax senticosus together with sixteen known compounds. The structure of the new compound was determined to be 2,6-dimethoxy-4-[(1E)-3,3-dimethoxy-1-propenyl] phenyl β-D-glucopyranoside (1) by means of physical, chemical, and spectroscopic methods. Of the known compounds, salvadoraside (7), (7R,8S)-dihydrodehydrodiconiferyl alcohol 4,9′-di-O-β-D- glucopyranoside (8), 3-(4-O-β-D-glucopyranosylferuloyl)quinic acid (15), rel-5-(1R,5S-dimethyl-3R,4R,8S-trihydroxy-7-oxa-6-oxobicyclo[3,2,1]oct-8-yl) -3-methyl-2Z,4E-pentadienoic acid (16), and lycoperodine-l (17) were first reported from the title plant. The inhibitory activities of the isolated compounds against α-glucosidase from rat intestine were also reported. © 2011 Springer Science+Business Media, Inc. Source


Li W.,Toho University | Li S.,Toho University | Lin L.,Toho University | Lin L.,Heilongjiang Provincial Institute for Drug Control | And 6 more authors.
Natural Product Communications | Year: 2010

The EtOAc extract of the roots of Glycyrrhiza uralensis exhibited α-glucosidase inhibitory activity. Bioassay-guided fractionation resulted in the isolation of an active prenylflavonoid, glycyrrhisoflavone. Its structure was elucidated by NMR and MS analyses. A simple method to prepare glycyrrhisoflavone from the 95% EtOH extract of the roots of G. uralensis was developed by combination of Diaion HP-20 column chromatography (CC), silica gel CC, and preparative HPLC. An HPLC-PDA method was developed for quantitative determination of glycyrrhisoflavone in the roots of G. uralensis. The sample was extracted with MeOH and analyzed using a reversed-phase column with isocratic elution with CH3CN-H2O (0.06% trifluoroacetic acid) (42:58) at a flow rate of 1.2 mL/min, a column temperature of 40°C, and a detection wavelength of 260 nm. The method allowed the determination of glycyrrhisoflavone in the concentration range of 5-500 μg/mL. The relative standard deviation values of the precision and repeatability were 0.3% and 2.0%, respectively. The limits of detection and quantification were 0.5 μg/mL and 5 μg/mL, respectively. The relative recovery rate was 100.2 ± 1.8%. Based on the validation results, the HPLC determination method was found to be precise, accurate, and time conservative. This method was applied successfully to nine different root samples of G. uralensis. The amounts of glycyrrhisoflavone in these samples were 15-93 mg/100 g of dried powdered plant material. Source


Ma F.,Toho University | Ma F.,Heilongjiang Provincial Institute for Drug Control | Onoda T.,Toho University | Li W.,Toho University | And 4 more authors.
Natural Product Research | Year: 2013

A 70% ethanol extract from the leaves of Rosa davurica showed significant antioxidant activity in both superoxide anion and 1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) free radical-scavenging assays. Phytochemical study of this extract resulted in the isolation of eight compounds, including a new flavonoid glycoside. The chemical structure was determined by various spectroscopic analyses. The isolated compounds and their structurally related compounds, belonging to two classes: quercetin 3-O-glycosides and gallic acid derivates, were evaluated for their superoxide anion- and DPPH free radical-scavenging activities. These compounds showed significant superoxide anion-scavenging activity with the EC50 values ranging from 1.68 to 18.09 M, and DPPH free radical-scavenging activity with the EC50 values ranging from 7.18 to 67.62 M. The structure-activity relationship was also reported. © 2013 © 2013 Taylor & Francis. Source


Liu L.,HIGH-TECH | Liu L.,Heilongjiang University | Jiang W.,Heilongjiang Provincial Institute for Drug Control | Zhang L.,Heilongjiang University | And 2 more authors.
Journal of Separation Science | Year: 2011

Shuanghuanglian injection, a famous composite formula in China, is a combination of Flos lonicerae japonicae, Radix scutellariae and Fructus forsythiae. To develop a method to overall evaluate the correlation between the formula and its three raw herbs, the representative LC fingerprint of Shuanghuanglian injection was established from 12 batches of samples. Ten peaks were selected as the common peaks to evaluate the similarities of different samples from different manufacturers. Hierarchical clustering analysis was used as a powerful pattern recognition tool to identify and classify Shuanghuanglian injection from different factories. In addition, chemical correlation between the formula and the three raw herbs was evaluated qualitatively through comparison of their chromatograms under the same HPLC conditions. The results showed that peak 1, 2, 3 and 9 in the formula fingerprint were characteristic components of Flos lonicerae japonicae, peaks 5, 6 and 8 were that of F. forsythiae, peak 10 was that of R. scutellariae, while peak 7 was the common component of Flos lonicerae japonicae and F. forsythiae, peak 4 was addressed to F. forsythiae and it was also the product of the manufacturing procedure. © 2011 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim. Source

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