Liu J.-X.,Northeast Agricultural University |
Chi F.-Q.,Heilongjiang Academy of Agricultural science |
Chi F.-Q.,Heilongjiang Province Key Laboratory of Soil Environment and Plant Nutrition |
Xu X.-H.,Northeast Agricultural University |
And 8 more authors.
Chinese Journal of Applied Ecology | Year: 2015
In order to study the effects of long-term different fertilization on microbial community functional diversity in arable black soil, we examined microbial metabolic activities in two soil layers (0-20 cm, 20-40 cm) under four treatments (CK, NPK, M, MNPK) from a 35-year continuous fertilization field at the Ministry of Agriculture Key Field Observation Station of Harbin Black Soil Ecology Environment using Biolog-ECO method. The results showed that: in the 0-20 cm soil layer, combined application of organic and inorganic fertilizer(MNPK) increased the rate of soil microbial carbon source utilization and community metabolism richness, diversity and dominance; In the 20-40 cm layer, these indices of the MNPK treatment was lower than that of the NPK treatment; while NPK treatment decreased soil microbial community metabolism evenness in both layers. Six groups of carbon sources used by soil microbes of all the treatments were different between the two soil layers, and the difference was significant among all treatments in each soil layer (P< 0.05), while the variations among treatments were different in the two soil layers. Canonical correspondence analysis (CCA) showed that soil microbial community metabolic function of all the treatments was different between the two soil layers, and there was difference among all treatments in each soil layer, while the influences of soil nutrients on soil microbial community metabolic function of all treatments were similar in each soil layer. It was concluded that long-term different fertilization affected soil microbial community functional diversity in both tillage soil layer and down soil layers, and chemical fertilization alone had a larger influence on the microbial community functional diversity in the 20-40 cm layer. ©, 2015, Editorial Board of Chinese Journal of Applied Ecology. All right reserved.