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Zhao H.,Harbin Medical University | Zhao H.,Health Ministry Key Laboratory of Cell Transplantation | Zhao H.,Heilongjiang Institute of Hematology and Oncology | Cao F.,Harbin Medical University | And 23 more authors.
BioMed Research International | Year: 2014

RNA-Seq is emerging as an increasingly important tool in biological research, and it provides the most direct evidence of the relationship between the physiological state and molecular changes in cells. A large amount of RNA-Seq data across diverse experimental conditions have been generated and deposited in public databases. However, most developed approaches for coexpression analyses focus on the coexpression pattern mining of the transcriptome, thereby ignoring the magnitude of gene differences in one pattern. Furthermore, the functional relationships of genes in one pattern, and notably among patterns, were not always recognized. In this study, we developed an integrated strategy to identify differential coexpression patterns of genes and probed the functional mechanisms of the modules. Two real datasets were used to validate the method and allow comparisons with other methods. One of the datasets was selected to illustrate the flow of a typical analysis. In summary, we present an approach to robustly detect coexpression patterns in transcriptomes and to stratify patterns according to their relative differences. Furthermore, a global relationship between patterns and biological functions was constructed. In addition, a freely accessible web toolkit "coexpression pattern mining and GO functional analysis" (COGO) was developed. © 2014 Hui Zhao et al.


Gao C.,Heilongjiang Institute of Hematology and Oncology | Xie R.,Heilongjiang Institute of Hematology and Oncology | Li W.,Heilongjiang Institute of Hematology and Oncology | Zhou J.,Heilongjiang Institute of Hematology and Oncology | And 9 more authors.
Thrombosis and Haemostasis | Year: 2013

Abundant senescent neutrophils traverse the vascular compartment and may contribute to pathologic conditions. For example, they become procoagulant when undergoing apoptosis and may contribute to thrombosis or inflammation. Our previous studies demonstrated a dominant clearance pathway in which the neutrophils can be pha-gocytosed by liver macrophages. The aim of this study was to explore an alternate pathway of neutrophil clearance by endothelial cells. Phagocytosis of the neutrophils by endothelial cells was performed using various experimental approaches including flow cytometry, confocal microscopy and electron microscopy assays in vitro and in vivo. Proco-agulant activity of cultured neutrophils was evaluated by coagulation time, factor Xase and prothrombinase assays. Lactadherin functioned as a novel probe for the detection of phosphatidylserine on apoptotic cells, an opsonin (bridge) between apoptotic cell and phagocyte for promoting phagocytosis, and an efficient anticoagulant for inhibition of factor Xase and thrombin formation. When cultured, purified human neutrophils spontaneously entered apoptosis and developed procoagulant activity that was directly related to the degree of phos-phatidylserine exposure. Co-culture of aged neutrophils and endothelial cells resulted in phagocytosis of the neutrophils and prolonged coagulation time. Lactadherin diminished the procoagulant activity and increased the rate of neutrophil clearance. In vivo, neutrophils were sequestered by endothelial cells after blockade of Kupffer cells, a process that was dependent upon both phosphatidylserine exposure and P-selectin expression. Thus, the ability of endothelial cells to clear senescent neutrophils may limit the procoagulant and/or inflammatory impact of these cells. © Schattauer 2013.


Zhang Z.,Harbin Medical University | Chen Y.,Harbin Medical University | Meng H.,Harbin Medical University | Sui M.,Harbin Medical University | And 6 more authors.
Leukemia and Lymphoma | Year: 2013

The efficacy of arsenic trioxide (ATO) in the treatment of acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL) is widely accepted. It is necessary to determine the concentration of arsenic due to its toxicity. The profiles of arsenic speciation in patients with relapsed or refractory APL have been demonstrated in few reports. Arsenic metabolite concentrations in the plasma of patients with newly diagnosed APL during the first course of arsenic remission induction therapy were determined, and the complicated change pattern of these metabolite concentrations in this phase is described for the first time in this study. We demonstrated that the concentration of trivalent inorganic arsenic (As III), which is regarded as the most effective and toxic, was much lower than those of other metabolites. Concentrations of the same arsenic metabolites were obviously distinct among various individuals. We infer that determination of the metabolites separately is necessary, and cannot be replaced by total arsenic determination. In addition, the amount of methylated metabolites of arsenic increased during the first course of ATO therapy, and these metabolites might therefore play an increasingly important role. Further research should be carried out to study the relationship between arsenic metabolite concentrations and efficacy, as well as side effects in patients with APL treated with ATO. © 2013 Informa UK, Ltd.


Yang D.,Heilongjiang Institute of Hematology and Oncology | Yang D.,Harbin Medical University | Cao F.,Heilongjiang Institute of Hematology and Oncology | Cao F.,Harbin Medical University | And 14 more authors.
Acta Haematologica | Year: 2013

Background/Aim: Dysregulated Hedgehog (Hh) signaling has been implicated in several human malignancies. Hh signaling inhibitors are predicted to have a minimal effect when the Smoothened receptor is mutated. Implications that Gli proteins are molecular targets of arsenic trioxide (ATO) action prompted us to investigate the expression of Hh signaling in acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL) and the influence of ATO on the Hh signaling pathway in APL. Methods: Quantitative real-time reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction and Western blot were employed to analyze the expression of Hh pathway components and the influence of ATO on the Hh signaling pathway in APL. Results: The expression of Hh pathway components was significantly upregulated in APL. In newly diagnosed APL patients, Gli2 expression was significantly positively correlated with Gli1 (R = 0.57, p < 0.001) and Smo (R = 0.56, p < 0.001) and the expression of Hh pathway components was significantly higher in the high WBC group (p < 0.05). ATO can significantly downregulate the expression of Hh pathway components in vitro and in vivo (p < 0.05). Conclusion: The Hh pathway is aberrantly activated in APL and associated with a bad prognostic factor. ATO can effectively inhibit the expression of the Hh pathway. The obtained data give the first clinical evidence for the application of ATO in tumors exhibiting an aberrantly activated Hh pathway. © 2013 S. Karger AG, Basel.

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