Heilongjiang Academy of Medical science

Harbin, China

Heilongjiang Academy of Medical science

Harbin, China
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Xu S.,Harbin Medical University | Kong D.,Harbin Medical University | Chen Q.,Harbin Medical University | Ping Y.,Harbin Medical University | And 2 more authors.
Molecular Cancer | Year: 2017

Background: Few long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) that act as oncogenic genes in breast cancer have been identified. Methods: Oncogenic lncRNAs associated with tumourigenesis and worse survival outcomes were examined and validated in Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) and The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA), respectively. Then, the potential biological functions and expression regulation of these lncRNAs were studied via bioinformatics and genome data analysis. Moreover, progressive breast cancer subtype-specific lncRNAs were investigated via high-throughput sequencing in our cohort and TCGA validation. To elucidate the mechanisms of the regulation of these lncRNAs, genomic alterations from the TCGA, Broad, Sanger and BCCRC data, as well as epigenetic modifications from GEO data, were then applied and examined to meet this objective. Finally, cell proliferation assays, flow cytometry analyses and TUNEL assays were applied to validate the oncogenic roles of these lncRNAs in vitro. Results: A cluster of oncogenic lncRNAs that was upregulated in breast cancer tissue and was associated with worse survival outcomes was identified. These oncogenic lncRNAs are involved in regulating immune system activation and the TGF-beta and Jak-STAT signalling pathways. Moreover, TINCR, LINC00511, and PPP1R26-AS1 were identified as subtype-specific lncRNAs associated with HER-2, triple-negative and luminal B subtypes of breast cancer, respectively. The up-regulation of these oncogenic lncRNAs is mainly caused by gene amplification in the genome in breast cancer and other solid tumours. Finally, the knockdown of TINCR, DSCAM-AS1 or HOTAIR inhibited breast cancer cell proliferation, increased apoptosis and inhibited cell cycle progression in vitro. Conclusions: These findings enhance the landscape of known oncogenic lncRNAs in breast cancer and provide insights into their roles. This understanding may potentially aid in the comprehensive management of breast cancer. © 2017 The Author(s).

Zhang J.,Harbin Medical University | Wang P.,Harbin Medical University | Wan L.,Harbin Medical University | Xu S.,Harbin Medical University | And 2 more authors.
Autophagy | Year: 2017

Macroautophagy/autophagy is a catabolic process that is widely found in nature. Over the past few decades, mounting evidence has indicated that noncoding RNAs, ranging from small noncoding RNAs to long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) and even circular RNAs (circRNAs), mediate the transcriptional and post-transcriptional regulation of autophagy-related genes by participating in autophagy regulatory networks. The differential expression of noncoding RNAs affects autophagy levels at different physiological and pathological stages, including embryonic proliferation and differentiation, cellular senescence, and even diseases such as cancer. We summarize the current knowledge regarding noncoding RNA dysregulation in autophagy and investigate the molecular regulatory mechanisms underlying noncoding RNA involvement in autophagy regulatory networks. Then, we integrate public resources to predict autophagy-related noncoding RNAs across species and discuss strategies for and the challenges of identifying autophagy-related noncoding RNAs. This article will deepen our understanding of the relationship between noncoding RNAs and autophagy, and provide new insights to specifically target noncoding RNAs in autophagy-associated therapeutic strategies. © 2017 Taylor & Francis.

PubMed | Harbin Medical University, Heilongjiang Academy of Medical science and Peking Union Medical College
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Oncotarget | Year: 2016

Colorectal cancer (CRC) is one of the most common solid tumors worldwide, often associated with inflammation. The microbes in the human intestine have a key role in inflammations and CRC. Chitotriose renders growth advantage to some bacteria, especially some pathogens, and thus has a role in inflammations. The enzyme chitotriosidase, encoded by the CHIT1 gene of the host, may degrade chitotriose with different efficiencies depending on the alleles. We sequenced the CHIT1 gene for 320 Chinese Han CRC patients and 404 normal controls, and focused on variations rs61745299 and rs35920428 within the CHIT1 gene for their possible roles in CRC. Statistical analyses were conducted using Chi-Square Tests as implemented in SPSS (version 19.0). Multiple sequence alignment was conducted using the Vector NTI, and protein expression levels were analyzed by western blotting. The two variations, rs61745299 and rs35920428 within the CDS region of CHIT1 gene, were associated with the risk of CRC (both with P values < 0.001). Western blotting analysis showed that the variations increased the expression levels of the CHIT1 and C-reaction protein genes in the cancer tissue. We conclude that the two variations of CHIT1, rs61745299 and rs35920428, increase expression of the gene and are associated with CRC in Chinese Han populations.

Shi M.,Harbin Medical University | Shi M.,Heilongjiang Academy of Medical science | Yu B.,Harbin Medical University | Gao H.,Daqing Oil Field General Hospital | And 4 more authors.
Molecular Biology Reports | Year: 2013

Many studies investigated the relationship between matrix metalloproteinase 2 (MMP-2) overexpression and survival in patients with colorectal cancer (CRC), but yielded inconsistent results. To derive a more precise estimate of the prognostic significance of MMP-2 overexpression, we reviewed published studies and carried out a meta-analysis. Eligible articles were identified for the period up to March 2012 in electronic databases. To evaluate the correlation between MMP-2 overexpression and the prognosis in CRC, pooled hazard ratio (HR) and its 95% confidence interval (95% CI) for poorer overall and progression-free survival were appropriately derived from fixed-effects or random-effects models using standard meta-analysis techniques. Thirteen studies with a total of 1,919 CRC patients stratifying overall survival (OS) and/or progression-free survival in CRC patients by MMP-2 expression status were eligible for analysis. Ten studies investigated the OS in a total of 1,612 cases with CRC, and five studies investigated the progression-free survival in a total of 508 patients CRC. The combined HR estimate for OS and progression-free survival was 1.74 (95% CI, 1.34-2.26) and 1.35 (95% CI, 1.07-1.80), respectively. Both subgroup analyses and sensitivity analysis further identified the prognostic role of MMP-2 overexpression in patients with CRC. There was no evidence for publication bias. In conclusion, MMP-2 overexpression is associated with poorer overall and progression-free survival in patients with CRC. © 2012 Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht.

Li C.,Harbin Medical University | Cai S.,Fudan University | Wang X.,Harbin Medical University | Wang X.,Heilongjiang Academy of Medical science | And 2 more authors.
PLoS ONE | Year: 2014

Background and Objectives: Transcription factor 3 (TCF3) implicates Wnt signaling pathway and regulates E-cadherin expression, which is involved in aggressiveness of tumors. This study aims to investigate the role of TCF3 in predicting prognosis of patients with stage II and III colorectal cancer (CRC). Copyright:Methods: Real-Time quantitative PCR was performed in 64 fresh CRC tissues and 6 cell lines to examine TCF3 mRNA expression. TCF3 protein expression dynamics were detected by immunohistochemistry of 118 paraffin-embedded specimens, and the clinical significance of TCF3 was assessed by clinical correlation and Kaplan-Meier analyses. Aberrant hypomethylation of TCF3 promoter was also investigated using bisulfite sequencing and methylation specific PCR.Results: The up-regulation of TCF3 mRNA was frequently detected both in CRC tissues with recurrence and metastasisderived cell lines. The expression level of TCF3 protein was significantly correlated with histological type (P = 0.038) and disease-free survival time (P = 0.002). Higher TCF3 expression indicated poor prognostic outcomes (P<0.05, log-rank test). Multivariate analysis also showed strong TCF3 protein expression and perineural invasion were independent adverse prognosticators in CRC (P= 0.010, 0.000). Moreover, it was showed that promoter hypomethylation of TCF3 is associated with its up-expression.Conclusions: This study highlighted the prognostic value of TCF3 in stage II and III CRC. The up-regulation of TCF3, which is mainly caused by promoter hypomethylation, is one of the molecular mechanisms involved in the development and progression of CRC. © 2014 Li et al.

Chen M.,Harbin Medical University | Liu Y.,Harbin Medical University | Yi D.,Harbin Medical University | Wei L.,Harbin Medical University | And 3 more authors.
Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry | Year: 2014

Background: Tanshinone IIA inhibits the proliferation of pulmonary artery smooth muscle cells (PASMCs), but the potential mechanisms of its effects on PASMCs apoptosis remain unclear. Methods: Rat were subjected to hypoxia for 9 days with or without Tanshinone IIA treatment. PASMCs were exposed to the conditions of 2% O2 and 93% N2 for 24 h in vitro. Hematoxylin and eosin (HE) staining was used to evaluate vascular remodeling. The Cell viability was determined using cell fluorescence staining and MTT assays, and apoptosis was assessed using flow cytometry. Protein expression was quantified by Western blotting. Results: Our results showed that Tanshinone IIA treatment reduced pulmonary artery media thickening in hypoxic rats. Tanshinone IIA reduced PASMC viability in a dose-dependent manner. Additionally, Tanshinone IIA promoted PASMC apoptosis, lowered Hsp60 levels, and upregulated caspase-3 expressions under hypoxic conditions. This pro-apoptotic effect of Tanshinone IIA might be due to the reduction of the phosphorylation of JAK2/STAT3 signaling markers and the increase in the levels of the downstream target, Cx43 in PASMCs. Conclusion: These data suggest that Tanshinone IIA promotes PASMC apoptosis during hypoxia and reverses vascular remodeling. This effect is mediated by modulating the expression of Hsp60, caspase-3, and Cx43 via the JAK2/STAT3 signaling pathway. These results might provide a new therapeutic target to explore a novel strategy for hypoxia-induced vessel remodeling. © 2014 S. Karger AG, Basel.

Liu Z.,Harbin Medical University | Yan C.,Harbin Medical University | Kang C.,Harbin Medical University | Zhang B.,Harbin Medical University | And 3 more authors.
PLoS ONE | Year: 2015

Purpose To evaluate the effect of trabecular thickness and trabecular separation on modulating the trabecular architecture of the mandibular bone in ovariectomized rats. Materials and Methods Fourteen 12-week-old adult female Wistar rats were divided into an ovariectomy group (OVX) and a sham-ovariectomy group (sham). Five months after the surgery, the mandibles from 14 rats (seven OVX and seven sham) were analyzed by micro-CT. Images of interradicular alveolar bone of the mandibular first molars underwent three-dimensional reconstruction and were analyzed. Results Compared to the sham group, trabecular thickness in OVX alveolar bone decreased by 27% (P = 0.012), but trabecular separation in OVX alveolar bone increased by 59% (P = 0.005). A thickness and separation map showed that trabeculae of less than 100μm increased by 46%, whereas trabeculae of more than 200μm decreased by more than 40% in the OVX group compared to those in the sham group. Furthermore, the OVX separation of those trabecular of more than 200μm was 65% higher compared to the sham group. Bone mineral density (P = 0.028) and bone volume fraction (p = 0.001) were also significantly decreased in the OVX group compared to the sham group. Conclusions Ovariectomy-induced bone loss in mandibular bone may be related to the distributional variations in trabecular thickness and separation which profoundly impact the modulation of the trabecular architecture. © 2015 Liu et al.

Shan M.,Harbin Medical University | Shan M.,Heilongjiang Academy of Medical science | Yin H.,Harbin Medical University | Li J.,Harbin Medical University | And 10 more authors.
Oncotarget | Year: 2016

Detection of breast cancer at an early stage is the key for successful treatment and improvement of outcome. However the limitations of mammography are well recognized, especially for those women with premenopausal breast cancer. Novel approaches to breast cancer screening are necessary, especially in the developing world where mammography is not feasible. In this study, we examined the promoter methylation of six genes (SFN, P16, hMLH1, HOXD13, PCDHGB7 and RASSF1a) in circulating free DNA (cfDNA) extracted from serum. We used a high-throughput DNA methylation assay (MethyLight) to examine serum from 749 cases including breast cancer patients, patients with benign breast diseases and healthy women. The sixgene methylation panel test achieved 79.6% and 82.4% sensitivity with a specificity of 72.4% and 78.1% in diagnosis of breast cancer when compared with healthy and benign disease controls, respectively. Moreover, the methylation panel positive group showed significant differences in the following independent variables: (a) involvement of family history of tumors; (b) a low proliferative index, ki-67; (c) high ratios in luminal subtypes. Additionally the panel also complemented some breast cancer cases which were neglected by mammography or ultrasound. These data suggest that epigenetic markers in serum have potential for diagnosis of breast cancer.

Liang X.,Harbin Medical University | Sun S.,Harbin Medical University | Zhang X.,Harbin Medical University | Wu H.,Harbin Medical University | And 6 more authors.
Cancer Science | Year: 2015

The aim of this study is to investigate the expression of ribosome-binding protein 1 (RRBP1) in invasive breast cancer and to analyze its relationship to clinical features and prognosis. RRBP1 expression was studied using real-time quantitative PCR and western blotting using pair-matched breast samples and immunohistochemical staining using a tissue microarray. Then the correlation between RRBP1 expression and clinicopathologic features was analyzed. RRBP1 mRNA and protein expression were significantly increased in breast cancer tissues compared with normal tissues. The protein level of RRBP1 is proved to be positively related to histological grade (P = 0.02), molecular subtype (P = 0.048) and status of Her-2 (P = 0.026) and P53 (P = 0.015). We performed a grade-stratified analysis of all patients according to the level of RRBP1 expression and found that RRBP1 overexpression highly affected overall survival in patients with early-stage (I and II) tumors (P = 0.042). Furthermore, Her-2 positive patients with negative RRBP1 expression had longer overall survival rates than those with positive RRBP1 expression (P = 0.031). Using multivariate analysis, it was determined that lymph node metastasis (LNM, P = 0.002) and RRBP1 expression (P = 0.005) were independent prognosis factors for overall survival. RRBP1 is a valuable prognostic factor in Her-2-positive breast cancer patients, indicating that RRBP1 is a potentially important target for the prediction of prognosis. RRBP1 is a valuable prognostic factor in Her-2 positive breast cancer patients, indicating RRBP1 may be a potentially important target for the prediction of prognosis. © 2015 The Authors. Cancer Science published by Wiley Publishing Asia Pty Ltd on behalf of Japanese Cancer Association.

PubMed | Harbin Medical University and Heilongjiang Academy of Medical Science
Type: | Journal: Journal of cellular and molecular medicine | Year: 2017

The clinical application of doxorubicin (Dox) is limited by its adverse effect of cardiotoxicity. Previous studies have suggested the cardioprotective effect of brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF). We hypothesize that BDNF could protect against Dox-induced cardiotoxicity. Sprague Dawley rats were injected with Dox (2.5 mg/kg, 3 times/week, i.p.), in the presence or absence of recombinant BDNF (0.4 g/kg, i.v.) for 2 weeks. H9c2 cells were treated with Dox (1 M) and/or BDNF (400 ng/ml) for 24 hrs. Functional roles of BDNF against Dox-induced cardiac injury were examined both in vivo and in vitro. Protein level of BDNF was reduced in Dox-treated rat ventricles, whereas BDNF and its receptor tropomyosin-related kinase B (TrkB) were markedly up-regulated after BDNF administration. Brain-derived neurotrophic factor significantly inhibited Dox-induced cardiomyocyte apoptosis, oxidative stress and cardiac dysfunction in rats. Meanwhile, BDNF increased cell viability, inhibited apoptosis and DNA damage of Dox-treated H9c2 cells. Investigations of the underlying mechanisms revealed that BDNF activated Akt and preserved phosphorylation of mammalian target of rapamycin and Bad without affecting p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase and extracellular regulated protein kinase pathways. Furthermore, the beneficial effect of BDNF was abolished by BDNF scavenger TrkB-Fc or Akt inhibitor. In conclusion, our findings reveal a potent protective role of BDNF against Dox-induced cardiotoxicity by activating Akt signalling, which may facilitate the safe use of Dox in cancer treatment.

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