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Majāz al Bāb, Tunisia

El Matri L.,Hedi Rais Institute of Ophthalmology
Ophthalmic surgery, lasers & imaging : the official journal of the International Society for Imaging in the Eye | Year: 2012

To measure macular choroidal thickness (CT) using spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (OCT) and to investigate the correlation between CT and age, degree of myopia, and history of macular choroidal neovascularization (CNV). A cross-sectional study included 187 highly myopic eyes of 187 patients examined between January and December 2010. The choroid was imaged with spectral-domain OCT by changing the reference position from the vitreous to the choroid. CT was measured from the outer border of the hyperreflective line corresponding to the retinal pigment epithelium to the inner scleral border. The mean age was 47.21 ± 14.24 years, the mean spherical equivalent refractive error was -13.66 ± 5.77, and the mean subfoveal CT was 100.71 ± 59.98 μm. CT was correlated negatively with age (P < 10(-3)) and refractive error (P < 10(-3)). Forty-two eyes had a history of CNV, the mean CT was 55.45 ± 24.46 μm, and this was significantly thinner than in eyes without CNV (P < 10(-3)). In highly myopic eyes, the choroid is thin and undergoes further attenuation with age and increasing myopia. In addition, these findings suggest that the choroid may play a role in the pathogenesis of CNV. Copyright 2012, SLACK Incorporated. Source

To evaluate the clinical characteristics and therapeutic challenges of retinal detachment in highly myopic eyes. We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of 83 eyes in 79 patients with high myopia (> 6.00 diopters or axial length > or = 26.00 mm) who underwent surgery for retinal detachment between 2001 and 2008. The surgical approaches depended on the type and location of the retinal break, the degree of myopia, and the grade of PVR. The mean age of patients (48 men and 31 women) was 53.9 years. Refractive error ranged from - 10 D to - 25 D (mean was - 14.0 D). The mean follow-up was 19.4 months. Peripheral or equatorial retinal tears were present in 52 cases (62.6%), a macular hole in 14 cases (16.8%), a giant retinal tear in 6 cases (7.2%), and posterior paravascular retinal tears in 11 cases (13.2%). Single-surgery anatomic success was achieved in 65 cases (78.3%), with 17 cases after scleral buckle surgery and 46 cases after pars plana vitrectomy. Final anatomic success was achieved in 76 cases (91.5%). Per and postoperative hemorrhagic complications occurred in 16 cases (19.2%). Retinal detachment is a serious complication of high myopia. It often occurs in young patients. Treatment is difficult due to anatomical and clinical conditions. Source

Anane S.,Tunis el Manar University | Malek I.,Hedi Rais Institute of Ophthalmology | Kamoun R.,Consultation of Ophthalmology | Chtourou O.,Clinical Dispensary of Mellassine
Journal Francais d'Ophtalmologie | Year: 2013

Introduction Phthiriasis palpebrarum is an ectoparasitosis in which Phthirus pubis infest the eyelashes. It is rare and it can easily be misdiagnosed as blepharitis. The purpose of this study is to describe seven cases of phthiriasis palpebrarum so as to discuss its mode of infestation, diagnosis and treatment. Patients and methods This is a study of all cases of phthiriasis palpebrarum reported in our laboratory. For each patient, an ophthalmic examination and parasitological examination of the eyelashes were performed. Results There were five men and two women. Their ages ranged from 4 to 50 years with an average of 21.57 years. There were four children and three adults. The main symptom was itching of the eyelids. Clinical signs included reddish-brown crusts at the base of the eyelashes in all the cases and visible lice and nits in three cases. Biomicroscopic examination showed lice and nits anchored to the eyelashes in three cases. In the other two cases, the initial diagnosis was felt to be blepharitis. In all cases, the diagnosis of phthiriasis palpebrarum was confirmed by parasitological examination of eyelashes, which revealed the presence of adult and nit forms of Phthirus pubis. The number of adult lice ranged from 1 to 30. In all cases, treatment was based on mechanical removal of both the lice and nits. Outcomes were favorable without recurrence. Conclusion In conclusion, phthiriasis palpebrarum can be easily diagnosed by close examination of the eyelashes and eyelid margins at the slit lamp and can be managed mechanically. Parasitological examination of the eyelashes can confirm the diagnosis. © 2013 Elsevier Masson SAS. Tous droits réservés. Source

Gal A.,Universitatsklinikum Hamburg Eppendorf | Rau I.,Universitatsklinikum Hamburg Eppendorf | El Matri L.,Hedi Rais Institute of Ophthalmology | Kreienkamp H.-J.,Universitatsklinikum Hamburg Eppendorf | And 13 more authors.
American Journal of Human Genetics | Year: 2011

Posterior microphthalmos (MCOP) is a rare isolated developmental anomaly of the eye characterized by extreme hyperopia due to short axial length. The population of the Faroe Islands shows a high prevalence of an autosomal-recessive form (arMCOP) of the disease. Based on published linkage data, we refined the position of the disease locus (MCOP6) in an interval of 250 kb in chromosome 2q37.1 in two large Faroese families. We detected three different mutations in PRSS56. Patients of the Faroese families were either homozygous for c.926G>C (p.Trp309Ser) or compound heterozygous for c.926G>C and c.526C>G (p.Arg176Gly), whereas a homozygous 1 bp duplication (c.1066dupC) was identified in five patients with arMCOP from a consanguineous Tunisian family. In one patient with MCOP from the Faroe Islands and in another one from Turkey, no PRSS56 mutation was detected, suggesting nonallelic heterogeneity of the trait. Using RT-PCR, PRSS56 transcripts were detected in samples derived from the human adult retina, cornea, sclera, and optic nerve. The expression of the mouse ortholog could be first detected in the eye at E17 and was maintained into adulthood. The predicted PRSS56 protein is a 603 amino acid long secreted trypsin-like serine peptidase. The c.1066dupC is likely to result in a functional null allele, whereas the two point mutations predict the replacement of evolutionary conserved and functionally important residues. Molecular modeling of the p.Trp309Ser mutant suggests that both the affinity and reactivity of the enzyme toward in vivo protein substrates are likely to be substantially reduced. © 2011 The American Society of Human Genetics. Source

Abderrahim K.,Hedi Rais Institute of Ophthalmology | Chebil A.,Hedi Rais Institute of Ophthalmology | Falfoul Y.,Hedi Rais Institute of Ophthalmology | Bouladi M.,Hedi Rais Institute of Ophthalmology | Matri L.E.,Hedi Rais Institute of Ophthalmology
International Ophthalmology | Year: 2015

To report a case of bilateral granulomatous post-streptococcal syndrome uveitis in association with reactive arthritis as manifestation of post-streptococcal syndrome. To our knowledge, this could represent the first reported case in the literature. A 9-year-old girl, with no past ocular history, presented with a 5-day history of bilateral blurred vision, red eyes, photophobia and walking difficulties because of a right ankle pain. Ophthalmic examination disclosed a visual acuity limited to hand motion, mutton-fat keratic precipitates, anterior chamber cells and posterior synechiae in both eyes. Ocular pressure was normal. Physical examination showed a fever (38 °C), inflammatory ankle arthritis and scarlet fever (streptococcal lesion). Anti-streptococcal lysine O titer was 419 μ/ml. The patient was treated with topical steroids, cycloplegics, high-dose oral steroids and preventive course of penicillin with total improvement and no recurrence. Post-streptococcal syndrome should be considered in the etiology of acute bilateral granulomatous uveitis in children, and anti-streptococcal lysine O titer should be considered in serodiagnostic testing. © 2012, Springer Science+Business Media B.V. Source

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