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Tadmor T.,Hematology Oncology Unit | Tadmor T.,Technion - Israel Institute of Technology | Shvidel L.,Hebrew University Medical School | Aviv A.,Hematology Oncology Unit | And 11 more authors.
Cancer | Year: 2013

BACKGROUND: Bone marrow (BM) biopsies from patients with chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) may show reticulin fibrosis at diagnosis, but its significance remains unclear. This study sought to assess the prognostic impact of BM reticulin fibrosis in patients with previously untreated CLL. METHODS: Data was reviewed from untreated CLL patients in the national Israel CLL database, followed during 1987 to 2012. All bone marrow biopsies were graded for reticulin fibrosis using a modified scoring system containing 4 grades (0-3), based on the European consensus report. Grade of reticulin fibrosis was correlated with overall survival (OS), outcome, and a number of well-recognized prognostic factors for CLL. RESULTS: The final cohort included 176 patients (122 males and 51 females). Median age was 63 years (range, 32-86 years) and the 5-year OS was 77.1%. Grade of BM reticulin fibrosis correlated with OS (P <.0001) and mortality (P =.001), and separated patients into 2 groups with different survival curves. Advanced reticulin fibrosis (grades 2-3) was associated with thrombocytopenia (platelet counts of < 100,000/mm 3) (P =.025), anemia (P =.018), elevated β2-microglobulin < 4000 μg/mL (P =.048), and the presence of 11q deletion (P =.0015). CONCLUSIONS: There was a significant correlation between poor survival and grade of BM reticulin fibrosis. This staining procedure is easy to perform and can readily be added routinely when examining BM biopsies in CLL, because the findings do have prognostic implications. Cancer 2013. © 2013 American Cancer Society. Source

Vojdeman F.J.,Rigshospitalet | Jurlander J.,Rigshospitalet | Veer M.V.,Leiden University | Itala-Remes M.,University of Turku | And 9 more authors.
Leukemia and Lymphoma | Year: 2013

In the HOVON68 trial comparing subcutaneous low-dose alemtuzumab (LD-A) used together with fludarabine (F) and cyclophosphamide (C) with FC alone in high-risk chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL), LD-AFC resulted in significantly more clinical and molecular responses than FC, but also in more opportunistic infections. In a subgroup analysis of alemtuzumab trough levels during treatment by a sensitive enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) method, detectable levels were found in 4/6 complete and 0/3 partial responders. A relationship between alemtuzumab plasma levels, response and duration of lymphocytopenia was evident. We hypothesize that following combination therapy, the response may not be a function of the alemtuzumab levels, but the opposite, that plasma alemtuzumab levels are a function of the efficacy of the entire treatment, and the fewer leukemic target cells that are remaining, the higher are the levels of plasma alemtuzumab. This concept may well provide a guide for alemtuzumab dosage in future trials. © 2013 Informa UK, Ltd. Source

Nesher G.,Rheumatology Unit and Infectious Disease Unit | Nesher G.,Hebrew University Medical School | Ben-Chetrit E.,Rheumatology Unit and Infectious Disease Unit | Ben-Chetrit E.,Hebrew University Medical School | And 3 more authors.
Journal of Rheumatology | Year: 2016

Objective. The incidence of primary systemic vasculitides varies among different geographic regions and ethnic origins. The aim of this study was to examine the incidence rates of vasculitides in the Jerusalem Jewish population, and to examine possible trends in incidence rates over a 20-year period. Methods. The clinical databases of inpatients at the 2 medical centers in Jerusalem were searched for patients with vasculitis diagnosed between 1990-2009. Individual records were then reviewed by one of the authors. The significance of trends in incidence rates throughout the study period was evaluated by Pearson correlation coefficient. Results. The average annual incidence rate of polyarteritis nodosa was 3.6/million adults (95% CI 1.6-4.7). Incidence rates did not change significantly during this period (r = 0.39, p = 0.088). The incidence of granulomatosis with polyangiitis (GPA) was 4.1 (2.2-5.9) for the whole period, during which it increased significantly (r = 0.53, p < 0.05). The incidence of microscopic polyangiitis (MPA) was lower: 2.3 (1.2-3.5)/million. It also increased significantly (r = 0.55, p < 0.05). The incidence of eosinophilic granulomatosis with polyangiitis was 1.2 (0.4-1.9), which remained stable throughout the study period. The incidence of Takayasu arteritis was 2.1/million (95% CI 1.2-2.9), and it also remained stable. Giant cell arteritis (GCA) incidence was 8.1 (5.7-10.6)/100, 000 population aged 50 years or older. In sharp contrast with other vasculitides, its incidence decreased significantly throughout the study period (r = -0.61, p < 0.01). Conclusion. The incidence rates of vasculitides in the Jewish population of Jerusalem are in the lower range of global incidence rates. While GPA and MPA incidence are increasing, GCA incidence is decreasing. Copyright © 2016. All rights reserved. Source

Sionov R.V.,Hebrew University Medical School | Assi S.,Hebrew University Medical School | Gershkovitz M.,Hebrew University Medical School | Sagiv J.Y.,Hebrew University Medical School | And 4 more authors.
Journal of Visualized Experiments | Year: 2015

Neutrophils, the most abundant of all white blood cells in the human circulation, play an important role in the host defense against invading microorganisms. In addition, neutrophils play a central role in the immune surveillance of tumor cells. They have the ability to recognize tumor cells and induce tumor cell death either through a cell contact-dependent mechanism involving hydrogen peroxide or through antibodydependent cell-mediated cytotoxicity (ADCC). Neutrophils with anti-tumor activity can be isolated from peripheral blood of cancer patients and of tumor-bearing mice. These neutrophils are termed tumor-entrained neutrophils (TEN) to distinguish them from neutrophils of healthy subjects or naïve mice that show no significant tumor cytotoxic activity. Compared with other white blood cells, neutrophils show different buoyancy making it feasible to obtain a > 98% pure neutrophil population when subjected to a density gradient. However, in addition to the normal high-density neutrophil population (HDN), in cancer patients, in tumor-bearing mice, as well as under chronic inflammatory conditions, distinct low-density neutrophil populations (LDN) appear in the circulation. LDN co-purify with the mononuclear fraction and can be separated from mononuclear cells using either positive or negative selection strategies. Once the purity of the isolated neutrophils is determined by flow cytometry, they can be used for in vitro and in vivo functional assays. We describe techniques for monitoring the anti-tumor activity of neutrophils, their ability to migrate and to produce reactive oxygen species, as well as monitoring their phagocytic capacity ex vivo. We further describe techniques to label the neutrophils for in vivo tracking, and to determine their anti-metastatic capacity in vivo. All these techniques are essential for understanding how to obtain and characterize neutrophils with anti-tumor function. © 2015 Journal of Visualized Experiments. Source

Zornitzki T.,Hebrew University Medical School | Malnick S.,Hebrew University Medical School | Lysyy L.,Hebrew University Medical School | Knobler H.,Hebrew University Medical School
World Journal of Gastroenterology | Year: 2015

AIM: To review the prevalence, clinical data and course of interferon- associated type 1 diabetes in chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection. METHODS: Search of all interferon (INF)-related type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) cases published in the English literature from 1992 to December 2013 according to the chronic hepatitis C infection, diabetes mellitus type 1, insulin dependent diabetes mellitus, and interferon treatment. We found 107 cases and analyzed their clinical and laboratory data and long-term follow-up. Due to the predominance of cases described in Japanese literature, we analyzed separately cases of Caucasian and Japanese origin. In addition we describe a representative case with HCV who developed INF-related T1DM. RESULTS: Our data show that INF treatment increases the risk of developing T1DM by 10-18 fold compared with the corresponding general population and the median age of onset was 43 years (range: 24-66 years) in Caucasians and 52 years (range: 45-63 years) in Japanese. Most patients developed T1DM during INF treatment, after a median time-period of 4.2 and 5.7 mo in Caucasian and Japanese groups, respectively. The clinical course was characterized by a fulminant course with abrupt severe hyperglycemia or ketoacidosis, a high titer of anti-islet autoantibodies and almost all patients (105/107) permanently required insulin therapy with a follow-up of up to 4 years. A substantial number of patients had evidence for other autoimmune disorders mainly thyroid diseases (25% and 31% in Caucasian and Japanese groups, respectively). CONCLUSION: INF-associated T1DM in HCV has a fulminant course, often associated with other autoimmune diseases, and results almost inevitably in permanent insulin therapy requirement. © The Author(s) 2015. Source

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