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Li Y.,Oxford Genetics | Shi S.,Fudan University | Shi S.,Shanghai JiaoTong University | Yang F.,Shanghai JiaoTong University | And 23 more authors.
Psychological Medicine

Background Studies conducted in Europe and the USA have shown that co-morbidity between major depressive disorder (MDD) and anxiety disorders is associated with various MDD-related features, including clinical symptoms, degree of familial aggregation and socio-economic status. However, few studies have investigated whether these patterns of association vary across different co-morbid anxiety disorders. Here, using a large cohort of Chinese women with recurrent MDD, we examine the prevalence and associated clinical features of co-morbid anxiety disorders.Method A total of 1970 female Chinese MDD patients with or without seven co-morbid anxiety disorders [including generalized anxiety disorder (GAD), panic disorder, and five phobia subtypes] were ascertained in the CONVERGE study. Generalized linear models were used to model association between co-morbid anxiety disorders and various MDD features.Results The lifetime prevalence rate for any type of co-morbid anxiety disorder is 60.2%. Panic and social phobia significantly predict an increased family history of MDD. GAD and animal phobia predict an earlier onset of MDD and a higher number of MDD episodes, respectively. Panic and GAD predict a higher number of DSM-IV diagnostic criteria. GAD and blood-injury phobia are both significantly associated with suicidal attempt with opposite effects. All seven co-morbid anxiety disorders predict higher neuroticism.Conclusions Patterns of co-morbidity between MDD and anxiety are consistent with findings from the US and European studies; the seven co-morbid anxiety disorders are heterogeneous when tested for association with various MDD features. © 2012 Cambridge University Press. Source

Zhang H.,Peking University | Wang G.,Capital Medical University | Zhao J.,Central South University | Xie S.,Kun Ming Medical College | And 11 more authors.
Journal of Clinical Psychopharmacology

Intramuscular (IM) antipsychotics are preferred for efficient control of agitation symptoms. Previous studies have demonstrated that IM ziprasidone is efficacious and safe for treatment of agitation in schizophrenia. However, clinicians now recognize that racial differences may contribute to altered therapeutic response and tolerability. This study compared the efficacy and tolerability of IM ziprasidone versus IM haloperidol for the management of agitation in Chinese subjects with schizophrenia. Subjects with acute schizophrenia were randomized to either ziprasidone (n = 189, 10 to 20 mg as required up to a maximum of 40 mg/d) or haloperidol (n = 187, 5 mg every 4 to 8 hours to a maximum of 20 mg/d) for 3 days. Psychiatric assessments and adverse events were assessed at baseline, 2, 4, 24, 48, and 72 hours. In the ziprasidone group, 2.1% of subjects discontinued versus 3.7% in the haloperidol group. The least squares mean change (SE) from baseline to 72 hours in Brief Psychiatry Rating Scale total score was-17.32 (0.7) for ziprasidone (n = 167) and-18.44 (0.7) for haloperidol (n = 152), with a 95% confidence interval treatment difference of-0.7 to 2.9. Fewer subjects experienced adverse events after ziprasidone (n = 54, 28.6%) than haloperidol (n = 116, 62.0%), with a notably higher incidence of extrapyramidal symptoms in the haloperidol group (n = 69, 36.9%) compared to the ziprasidone group (n = 4, 2.1%). For controlling agitation in schizophrenia in this Chinese study, ziprasidone had a favorable tolerability profile and comparable efficacy and safety compared to haloperidol. © 2013 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. Source

Chen Y.,Peking University | Tian L.,Peking University | Zhang F.,Peking University | Liu C.,Peking University | And 15 more authors.
Psychiatry Research

Myosin Vb (. MYO5B) has recently been implicated in the etiology of bipolar disorder in a genome-wide association study (GWAS). This gene is involved in amino-3-hydroxy-5-methyl-4-isoxazole propionic acid (AMPA) receptor subunit glutamate receptor 1 (GluR1) recycling and plays an important role in the primary excitatory neurotransmission. Dysfunction of the brain glutamate system has been postulated to be involved in the pathophysiology in schizophrenia. To further investigate the association between MYO5B polymorphisms and schizophrenia, we genotyped nine single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in an independent sample of 1463 individuals with schizophrenia and 1563 healthy control subjects, and detected three SNPs and two haplotype blocks which displayed significant association with schizophrenia. This association was further strengthened by the results of meta-analysis. Our data strongly supported that the MYO5B gene might be associated with schizophrenia in the Chinese Han population and they have implications for understanding the glutamate hypothesis of schizophrenia. © 2013 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. Source

Li Q.,Peking University | Xiang Y.-T.,University of Macau | Su Y.-A.,Peking University | Shu L.,Peking University | And 14 more authors.
Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry

Objective: This study examined the use, demographic and clinical correlates of antipsychotic polypharmacy (APP) and its associations with treatment satisfaction and quality of life (QOL) in schizophrenia patients in China. Method: A total of 4239 patients in 45 nationwide Chinese psychiatric hospitals/centers were interviewed in 2012 in the third cross-sectional study, with the first two having been conducted in 2002 and 2006. Patients' socio-demographic and clinical characteristics, including psychopathology, side effects, satisfaction with treatment and QOL, were recorded using a standardized protocol and data collection procedure. Results: The proportion of APP prescriptions in 2012 was 34.2%, which was significantly higher than the frequency of APP in 2002 (26.1%) and 2006 (26.4%) (p<0.001). Of patients on APP, 91.1% received two antipsychotics, 8.6% received three and 0.3% received four or more antipsychotics. Multiple logistic regression analyses revealed that compared to those on antipsychotic monotherapy, patients on APP and their families had lower satisfaction with treatment, had higher QOL in the mental domain, younger age of onset, more side effects, higher doses of antipsychotics and were more likely to receive first-generation antipsychotics and less likely to receive benzodiazepines (total R2=0.31, p<0.001). Conclusions: APP was found in about one in three schizophrenia patients. The prevalence of APP seems to have been increasing since 2002. Considering the increased frequency of drug-induced side effects and the patients' and their relatives' dissatisfaction with antipsychotic treatment, further examination of the rationale and appropriateness of APP and its alternatives is warranted. © The Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Psychiatrists 2014. Source

Li H.,Shanghai Mental Health Center | Yao C.,Peking University | Shi J.,Xian Mental Health Center | Yang F.,Beijing HuiLongGuan Hospital | And 12 more authors.
Journal of Psychiatric Research

This randomized, double-blind study compared the efficacy and safety of blonanserin and risperidone to treat Chinese schizophrenia patients aged ≥18 and < 65 years. Patients with Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale (PANSS) total scores ≥70 and ≤ 120 were randomized to receive blonanserin or risperidone using a gradual dose-titration method (blonanserin tablets: 8-24 mg/day; risperidone tablets: 2-6 mg/day), twice daily. Treatment populations consisted of 128 blonanserin-treated patients and 133 risperidone-treated patients. Intention-to-treat analysis was performed using the last observation carried forward method. Reductions of PANSS total scores by blonanserin and risperidone treatment were -30.59 and -33.56, respectively. Risperidone treatment was associated with elevated levels of serum prolactin (67.16% risperidone versus 52.31% blonanserin) and cardiac-related abnormalities (22.39% risperidone versus 12.31% blonanserin), and blonanserin patients were more prone to extrapyramidal side effects (48.46% blonanserin versus 29.10% risperidone). In conclusion, blonanserin was as effective as risperidone for the treatment of Chinese patients with schizophrenia. The overall safety profiles of these drugs are comparable, although blonanserin was associated with a higher incidence of EPS and risperidone was associated with a higher incidence of prolactin elevation and weight gain. Thus, blonanserin is useful for the treatment of Chinese schizophrenia patients. © 2015 The Authors. Source

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