Hebei Key Laboratory of Kidney Diseases

Shijiazhuang, China

Hebei Key Laboratory of Kidney Diseases

Shijiazhuang, China
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Du C.,Hebei Medical University | Du C.,Hebei Key Laboratory of Kidney Diseases | Zhang T.,Hebei University | Xiao X.,Hebei Medical University | And 7 more authors.
Biochemical Journal | Year: 2017

Protease-activated receptor-2 (PAR2), which belongs to a specific class of the G-protein-coupled receptors, is central to several inflammation processes. However, the precise molecular mechanism involved remains undefined. Autophagy has been previously shown to affect inflammation. In the present study, we examine the effect of PAR2 on kidney tubular epithelial autophagy and on autophagy-related inflammation and reveal the underlying mechanism involved. Autophagic activity and levels of autophagic marker LC3 were examined in human kidney tubular epithelial cells with PAR2 knockdown or overexpression. We administered the mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) inhibitor (rapamycin) or activator (MHY1485) to investigate the function of the phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K)/Akt/mTOR pathway. We also used transforming growth factor-β1 (TGF-β1)-induced HK-2 cell inflammation models to investigate the role of PAR2-associated autophagy in kidney tubular epithelial inflammation. PAR2 antagonist and rapamycin were administered to mice after unilateral ureteral obstruction to detect the correlations between PAR2, autophagy, and inflammation. Our results show that PAR2 overexpression in HK-2 cells led to a greater reduction in autophagy via the PI3K/Akt/mTOR pathway activation and induces autophagy-related inflammation. Meanwhile, a knockdown of PAR2 via PAR2 RNAi transfection greatly increased autophagy and alleviated autophagy-associated inflammation. In unilateral ureteral obstruction (UUO) kidneys, PAR2 antagonist treatment greatly attenuated renal inflammation and interstitial injury by enhancing autophagy. Moreover, inhibition of mTOR, rapa, markedly increased autophagy and inhibited the UUO-induced inflammation. We conclude that PAR2 induces kidney tubular epithelial inflammation by inhibiting autophagy via the PI3K/Akt/mTOR signalling pathway. Our results are suggestive that PAR2 inhibition may play a role in the treatment of diseases with increased inflammatory responses in renal systems. © 2017 The Author(s); published by Portland Press Limited on behalf of the Biochemical Society.


Du C.,Hebei Medical University | Du C.,Hebei Key Laboratory of Kidney Diseases | Ren Y.,Hebei Medical University | Ren Y.,Hebei Key Laboratory of Kidney Diseases | And 12 more authors.
International Journal of Biochemistry and Cell Biology | Year: 2017

Autophagy is an important homoeostatic mechanism for the lysosomal degradation of protein aggregates and damaged cytoplasmic components. Recent studies suggest that autophagy which is induced by TGF-β1 suppresses kidney fibrosis in renal tubular epithelial cells (RTECs) of obstructed kidneys. Sphingosine kinase 1(SK1), converting sphingosine into endogenous sphingosine-1-phosphate (S1P), was shown to modulate autophagy and involved in the processes of fibrotic diseases. Since SK1 activity is also up-regulated by TGF-β1, we explored its effect on the induction of autophagy and development of renal fibrosis in this study. In vitro, SK1 expression and activity were markedly increased by TGF-β1 stimulation in a time and concentration dependent manner, and concomitant changes in autophagic response were observed in HK-2 cells. Further, knockdown of SK-1 led to a decrease of autophagy whereas overexpression of SK1 caused a greater induction of autophagy. In addition, overexpression of SK1 resulted in decreased of mature TGF-β levels through autophagic degradation. In vivo, SK1 enzymatic activity and autophagic response were both up-regulated in a mouse model of kidney fibrosis induced by unilateral ureteral obstruction (UUO); meanwhile, increased of mature TGF-β1 and deposition of extracellular matrix (ECM) were observed in tubulointerstitial areas compared with sham-operated mice. However, aggravation of renal fibrosis was detected when SK1 inhibitor PF-543 was applied to suppress SK1 enzymatic activity in UUO mice. At the same time, autophagy was also inhibited by PF-543. Thus, our findings suggest that SK1 activation is renoprotective via induction of autophagy in the fibrotic process. © 2017 Elsevier Ltd


Du C.,Hebei Medical University | Du C.,Hebei Key Laboratory of Kidney Diseases | Wu M.,Hebei Medical University | Wu M.,Hebei Key Laboratory of Kidney Diseases | And 19 more authors.
International Journal of Biochemistry and Cell Biology | Year: 2016

Abnormal lipid metabolism contributes to the renal lipid accumulation, which is associated with diabetic kidney disease, but its precise mechanism remains unclear. The growing evidence demonstrates that thioredoxin-interacting protein is involved in regulating cellular glucose and lipid metabolism. Here, we investigated the effects of thioredoxin-interacting protein on lipid accumulation in diabetic kidney disease. In contrast to the diabetic wild-type mice, the physical and biochemical parameters were improved in the diabetic thioredoxin-interacting protein knockout mice. The increased renal lipid accumulation, expression of acetyl-CoA carboxylase, fatty acid synthase and sterol regulatory element binding protein-1, and phosphorylated Akt and mTOR associated with diabetes in wild-type mice was attenuated in diabetic thioredoxin-interacting protein knockout mice. Furthermore, thioredoxin-interacting protein knockout significantly increased the expression of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-α, acyl-coenzyme A oxidase 1 and carnitine palmitoyltransferaser 1 in diabetic kidneys. In vitro experiments, using HK-2 cells, revealed that knockdown of thioredoxin-interacting protein inhibited high glucose-mediated lipid accumulation, expression of acetyl-CoA carboxylase, fatty acid synthase and sterol regulatory element binding protein-1, as well as activation of Akt and mTOR. Moreover, knockdown of thioredoxin-interacting protein reversed high glucose-induced reduction of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-α, acyl-coenzyme A oxidase 1 and carnitine palmitoyltransferaser 1 expression in HK-2 cells. Importantly, blockade of Akt/mTOR signaling pathway with LY294002, a specific PI3K inhibitor, replicated these effects of thioredoxin-interacting protein silencing. Taken together, these data suggest that thioredoxin-interacting protein deficiency alleviates diabetic renal lipid accumulation through regulation of Akt/mTOR pathway, thioredoxin-interacting protein may be a potential therapeutic target for diabetic kidney disease. © 2016


Du C.,Hebei Medical University | Du C.,Hebei Key Laboratory of Kidney Diseases | Shi Y.,Hebei Medical University | Shi Y.,Hebei Key Laboratory of Kidney Diseases | And 14 more authors.
Drug Design, Development and Therapy | Year: 2015

The dysregulation of cholesterol metabolism and inflammation plays a significant role in the progression of diabetic nephropathy (DN). Anthocyanins are polyphenols widely distributed in food and exert various biological effects including antioxidative, anti-inflammatory, and antihyperlipidemic effects. However, it remains unclear whether anthocyanins are associated with DN, and the mechanisms involved in the reciprocal regulation of inflammation and cholesterol efflux are yet to be elucidated. In this study, we evaluated the regulation of cholesterol metabolism and the anti-inflammatory effects exerted by anthocyanins (cyanidin-3-O-β-glucoside chloride [C3G] or cyanidin chloride [Cy]) and investigated the underlying molecular mechanism of action using high-glucose (HG)-stimulated HK-2 cells. We found that anthocyanins enhanced cholesterol efflux and ABCA1 expression markedly in HK-2 cells. In addition, they increased peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor alpha (PPARα) and liver X receptor alpha (LXRα) expression and decreased the HG-induced expression of the proinflammatory cytokines intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM1), monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP1), and transforming growth factor-β1 (TGFβ1), as well as NFκB activation. Incubation with the PPARα-specific inhibitor GW6471 and LXRα shRNA attenuated the anthocyanin-mediated promotion of ABCA1 expression and cholesterol efflux, suggesting that anthocyanins activated PPARα-LXRα-ABCA1-dependent cholesterol efflux in HK-2 cells. Moreover, the knockout of LXRα abrogated the anti-inflammatory effect of anthocyanins, whereas the PPARα antagonist GW6471 does not have this effect. Further investigations revealed that LXRα might interfere with anthocyanin-induced decreased ICAM1, MCP1, and TGFβ1 expression by reducing the nuclear translocation of NFκB. Collectively, these findings suggest that blocking cholesterol deposition and inhibiting the LXRα pathway-induced inflammatory response might be one of the main mechanisms by which anthocyanins exert their protective effects in DN. © 2015 Du et al.


Hou Y.,Hebei Key Laboratory of Kidney Diseases | Hou Y.,Hebei Medical University | Wu M.,Hebei Medical University | Wei J.,Hebei Key Laboratory of Kidney Diseases | And 11 more authors.
Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications | Year: 2015

The epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT) plays an important role in the progression of diabetic nephropathy. Our recent study showed that ROS mediated high glucose (HG)-induced EMT in renal tubular epithelial cells. CD36, a class-B scavenger receptor, has been reported to mediate the production of ROS in chronic kidney disease. In the present study, we examined the effect of inhibition of CD36 with CD36 siRNA or sulfosuccinimidyl-oleate (SSO), a CD36 antagonist, on HG-induced EMT in HK-2 cells. HG induced CD36 expression in a time-dependent manner in HK-2 cells. HG was shown to induce EMT at 72 h. This was blocked by knockdown of CD36 or treatment with SSO. Meanwhile, we also found that knockdown of CD36 or treatment with SSO inhibited HG-induced ROS generation, activation of ERK1/2 and Smad2, expression of TGF-β1 and synthesis of fibronectin. These data suggest that inhibition of CD36 prevented HG-induced EMT in HK-2 cells, highlighting CD36 as a potential therapeutic target for diabetic nephropathy. © 2015 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

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