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Cirillo M.,Heart Failure Surgery Unit | Campana M.,Cardiology Unit | Brunelli F.,Cardiac Surgery Unit | Dalla Tomba M.,Cardiac Surgery Unit | And 5 more authors.
Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery | Year: 2016

Objective: The history of left ventricular reconstruction has demonstrated that the full spectrum of recoverable physiologic parameters is essential for a good functional result. We report the long-term outcome of a new surgical technique that arranges myocardial fibers in a near-normal disposition, also recovering left ventricular twisting. Methods: Between May 2006 and October 2013, 29 consecutive patients with previous anterior myocardial infarction and heart failure symptoms underwent physiologic left ventricular reconstruction surgery and coronary revascularization. Patients were examined by means of standard echocardiography and 2-dimensional speckle tracking at 8 time steps until 7 years after surgery. Ten geometric and functional parameters were evaluated at each step and analyzed by the linear mixed model test. Results: Hospital mortality was 0%. The mean percentage of indexed end-diastolic and end-systolic volume reduction was 45.7% and 50.9%, respectively. Ejection fraction and all of the volumes were significantly different in the postoperative period with a steady correction during time. Diastolic parameters were not worsened by surgical reconstruction. Ejection fraction and deceleration time showed a significant improvement during time. Left ventricular torsion increased immediately after the surgical correction from 2.8 ± 4.4 degrees to 8.7 ± 3.9 degrees (P = .02) and was still present 4 years after surgery. Conclusions: Surgical conduction of ventricular reconstruction should be standardized to achieve the full spectrum of recoverable physiologic parameters. The renewal of ventricular torsion should be pursued as an adjunctive element of ventricular efficiency, mainly in ventricles that work at a critical level in the Frank-Starling relationship and pressure-volume loop. © 2016 The American Association for Thoracic Surgery.

Cirillo M.,Heart Failure Surgery Unit
Medical Hypotheses | Year: 2016

Acute dissection of the ascending aorta is a life-threatening condition in which the aortic wall develops one or more tears of the intima associated with intramural rupture of the media layer with subsequent formation of a two lumina vessel. The remaining outer layer is just the adventitia, with high risk of complete rupture. Vital organs may be under-perfused. Mortality rate in this acute event is about 50% if an emergent surgical procedure is not performed as soon as possible to replace the tract affected by the primary rupture. Nevertheless, the emergent surgical procedure is affected by high risk of mortality or severe neurologic sequelae, due to the need for deep hypothermia and cardiocirculatory arrest and different methods of cerebral protection. If the patient survives the acute event, a frequent outcome is the establishment of a chronic aortic dissection in the remaining aorta and late chronic dissecting aneurysm, usually starting from the surgical suture itself. Traumatism of surgical stitches and of direct blood flow pressure on weak aortic wall can be important contributing factors of the chronic disease. In conclusions, the majority of these patients undergoes a high risk operation without a complete solution of the disease.We hypothesize that excluding the aortic layers from the blood direct flow and using an anastomotic technique which does not include surgical stitches could help to significantly reduce the recurrence of aortic dissection after the acute event and shorten hypothermic arrest duration. We devised a double tubular prosthesis consisting of two concentric artificial tubes between which the aortic wall is confined and excluded from direct blood flow. We also devised a magnetic assisted sutureless anastomotic technique that seals the aortic tissue between the two prostheses and avoids the perforation of the fragile aortic wall with surgical stitches. We are presenting here this new prototype and draw a few different models. Both acute and chronic diseases of the aorta could benefit from the proposed technique, although acute dissection is the ideal scenario for its use. © 2016 Elsevier Ltd.

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