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Huo Y.,Lund University | Huo Y.,Heart Center University Dresden | Holmqvist F.,Lund University | Carlson J.,Lund University | And 5 more authors.
Journal of Electrocardiology

Introduction Severe atrial structural remodeling may reflect irreversible damage of the atrial tissue in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) and is associated with changes of P-wave duration and morphology. Our aim was to study whether variability of P-wave morphology (PMV) is associated with outcome in patients with AF after circumferential PV isolation (CPVI). Methods and results 70 consecutive patients (aged 60 ± 9 years, 46 men) undergoing CPVI due to symptomatic AF were studied. After cessation of antiarrhythmic therapy, standard 12-lead ECG during sinus rhythm was recorded for 10 min at baseline and transformed to orthogonal leads. Beat-to-beat P-wave morphology was subsequently defined using a pre-defined classification algorithm. The most commonly observed P-wave morphology in a patient was defined as the dominant morphology. PMV was defined as the percentage of P waves with non-dominant morphology in the 10-min sample. At the end of follow-up, 53 of 70 patients had no arrhythmia recurrence. PMV was greater in patients without recurrence (19.5 ± 17.1% vs. 8.2 ± 6.7%, p < 0.001). In the multivariate logistic regression model, PMV ≥ 20% (upper tertile) was the only independent predictor of ablation success (OR = 11.4, 95% CI 1.4-92.1, p = 0.023). A PMV ≥ 20% demonstrated a sensitivity of 41.5%, a specificity of 94.1%, a PPV of 96.7%, and an NPV of 34.0% for free of AF after CPVI. Conclusions We report a significant association between increased PMV and 6-month CPVI success. PMV may help to identify patients with very high likelihood of freedom of AF 6-months after CPVI. © 2015 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved. Source

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