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Chaput J.-P.,Healthy Active Living and Obesity Research Group | Chaput J.-P.,University of Ottawa | Leduc G.,Healthy Active Living and Obesity Research Group | Boyer C.,Healthy Active Living and Obesity Research Group | And 7 more authors.
Nutrition and Diabetes | Year: 2014

OBJECTIVE: To examine independent and combined associations among objectively measured movement/non-movement behaviors (moderate-to-vigorous- intensity physical activity (MVPA), total sedentary time and sleep duration) and adiposity indicators in a sample of Canadian children. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted on 507 children aged 9-11 years from Ottawa, Canada. Movement/nonmovement behaviors were assessed using an Actigraph GT3X accelerometer over 7 days (24-h protocol). Outcomes included percentage body fat (bioelectrical impedance) and waist-to-height ratio. RESULTS: After adjustment for age, sex, ethnicity, maturity offset, fast food consumption, annual household income and highest level of parental education, MVPA was inversely and sedentary time positively associated with adiposity indicators, whereas sleep duration was not. However, only MVPA remained significantly associated with adiposity indicators after additional adjustment for the other movement/non-movement behaviors. Combined associations using tertiles of the three movement/non-movement behaviors showed that higher levels of MVPA were associated with lower adiposity indicators, irrespective of total sedentary time and sleep duration. CONCLUSIONS: Higher levels of MVPA were associated with lower adiposity in this sample of children regardless of sedentary time and sleep duration. Although correlational in nature, these findings suggest that future efforts of obesity reduction should focus more on increasing MVPA than on reducing sedentary time or increasing sleep duration to maximize the effectiveness of interventions. © 2014 Macmillan Publishers Limited.

Wong S.L.,Statistics Canada | Colley R.,Healthy Active Living and Obesity Research Group | Gorber S.C.,Statistics Canada | Tremblay M.,Healthy Active Living and Obesity Research Group
Journal of Physical Activity and Health | Year: 2011

Background: Actical accelerometer thresholds have been derived to enable objective measurement of time spent performing sedentary activity in children and adolescents, but not adults. Thus, the purpose of this study was to determine Actical accelerometer sedentary activity thresholds for adults. Methods: Data were available from 3187 participants aged 6 to 79 years from a preliminary partial dataset of the Canadian Health Measures Survey, who wore an Actical for 7 days. Step count data were used to evaluate the use of 50, 100, and 800 counts per min (cpm) as sedentary activity thresholds. Minutes when no steps were recorded were considered minutes of sedentary activity. Results: The use of higher cpm thresholds resulted in a greater percentage of sedentary minutes being correctly classified as sedentary. The percentage of minutes that were incorrectly classified as sedentary was substantially higher when using a threshold of 800 cpm compared with 50 or 100 cpm. Results were similar for children, adolescents, and adults. Conclusions: These findings suggest that a threshold of 100 cpm is appropriate for classifying sedentary activity of adults when using the Actical. As such, wear periods with minutes registering less than 100 cpm would be classified as time spent performing sedentary activity. © 2011 Human Kinetics, Inc.

Goldfield G.S.,Healthy Active Living and Obesity Research Group | Goldfield G.S.,Eastern Research Group | Goldfield G.S.,Ottawa Hospital Research Institute | Saunders T.J.,Healthy Active Living and Obesity Research Group | And 9 more authors.
American Journal of Preventive Medicine | Year: 2013

Background: Sedentary behavior has been associated with deleterious cardiometabolic health indicators in adults, but very little research has examined this relationship in youth. Purpose: To examine the association between the duration and type of sedentary screen behavior with diabetes risk factors (fasting glucose, insulin, homeostasis model-insulin resistance [HOMA-IR], 2-hour postload glucose, hemoglobin A1c) in a sample of overweight and obese adolescents. Methods: A cross-sectional study of 307 overweight or obese adolescents aged 14-18 years (90 boys, 217 girls) assessed at baseline of a lifestyle intervention for weight control conducted from 2005 to 2010. Sedentary screen behaviors, defined as hours per day spent watching TV, playing seated video games, recreational computer use, and total screen time were measured by self-report. Data were analyzed using linear regression analyses in 2012. Results: TV viewing was the only type of sedentary screen behavior associated with elevated diabetes risk factors before and after adjustment for confounders. Specifically, TV viewing remained positively associated with fasting insulin (adjusted r=0.11, β=0.10, p=0.048) and HOMA-IR (adjusted r=0.11, β=0.10, p=0.05) after adjustment for age, gender, waist-to-hip ratio, caloric intake, percentage of intake in carbohydrates, physical activity duration, and physical activity intensity. Conclusions: TV watching may be independently associated with an increase in diabetes risk factors in a high-risk sample of overweight and obese adolescents. These findings provide support for interventions designed to reduce time spent watching TV as a possible means to attenuating diabetes risk factors in this high-risk population. © 2013 American Journal of Preventive Medicine.

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