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Findlay L.C.,Health Analysis Division | Sunderland A.,Health Statistics Division at Statistics Canada
Health Reports | Year: 2014

Background: The prevalence of mental health problems in Canada is highest among youth and young adults. Relatively little is known about where they seek support and the factors related to help-seeking. Data and methods: Based on the 2012 Canadian Community Health Survey-Mental Health, this study describes professional and informal mental health support reported by Canadians aged 15 to 24. Results: In 2012, 12% of 15-to 24-year-olds reported that, in the previous 12 months, they had consulted health professionals about emotional, mental or substance use problems; 27% reported consulting informal sources such as family and friends. Young Canadians with mood, anxiety or substance disorders, one or more chronic physical conditions, higher levels of distress, or who had a traumatic childhood experience were more likely than their contemporaries who did not have these risk factors to report contact with professional and informal sources of support. Those with multiple needs-related factors had significantly higher odds of reporting contact with professional and informal sources. Interpretation: More than one in ten young Canadians consulted professionals and about a quarter sought informal support for mental health problems problems in the past year. The percentages were higher among those with multiple risk factors. © Minister of Industry, 2014. Source

Cooper M.,Nutrition Research Division | Greene-Finestone L.,Office of Nutrition Policy and Promotion Health at Canada | Lowell H.,Public Health Agency of Canada | Levesque J.,Health Statistics Division at Statistics Canada | Robinson S.,Health Statistics Division at Statistics Canada
Health Reports | Year: 2012

Background: Iron deficiency is the most common nutritional deficiency in the world, but little is known about the iron status of people in Canada, where the last estimates are from 1970-1972. Data and methods: The data are from cycle 2 (2009 to 2011) of the Canadian Health Measures Survey, which collected blood samples from a nationally representative sample of Canadians aged 3 to 79. Descriptive statistics (percentages, arithmetic means, geometric means) were used to estimate hemoglobin and serum ferritin concentrations, and other markers of iron status. Analyses were performed by age/sex group, household income, self-perceived health, diet, and use of iron supplements. World Health Organization reference values (2001) were used to estimate the prevalence of iron sufficiency and anemia. Results: The overall prevalence of anemia was low in the 2009-to-2011 period-97% of Canadians had sufficient hemoglobin levels. Generally, hemoglobin concentration increased compared with 1970-1972; however, at ages 65 to 79, rates of anemia were higher than in 1970-1972. Depleted iron stores were found in 13% of females aged 12 to 19 and 9% of females aged 20 to 49. Lower household income was associated with a lower prevalence of hemoglobin sufficiency, but was not related to lower serum ferritin sufficiency. Self-perceived health and diet were not significantly associated with hemoglobin and serum ferritin levels. Interpretation: The lack of a relationship between iron status and diet may be attributable to the use of questions about food consumption frequency that were not specifically designed to estimate dietary iron intake. Factors other than iron intake might have contributed to the increase in the prevalence of anemia among seniors. © Minister of Industry, 2012. Source

Fowles J.,Acadia University | Roy J.,Health Statistics Division at Statistics Canada | Clarke J.,Health Statistics Division at Statistics Canada | Dogra S.,University of Ontario Institute of Technology
Health Reports | Year: 2014

Data from the Canadian Health Measures Survey (cycles 1 and 2) were analyzed to determine if higher fitness categories are associated with better health. Respondents' fitness was assessed in terms of cardiorespiratory fitness, grip strength, sit-and-reach and partial curl-ups, and also according to two composite measures (back fitness and musculoskeletal fitness). Fitness scores could range from "Needs improvement" to "Excellent." Pairwise t-tests were used to compare health outcomes across fitness categories. The health outcomes were waist circumference, blood pressure, glycated hemoglobin, ratio of total cholesterol to high-density lipoprotein, lung function, self-rated health, life satisfaction, and number of chronic conditions. All health outcomes except systolic blood pressure were significantly better among respondents whose cardiorespiratory fitness was "Excellent," compared with "Needs improvement." For grip strength and partial curl-ups, only glycated hemoglobin and self-rated health were better among respondents in the "Excellent" category, compared with "Needs improvement." Lung function was worse in those with better grip strength. No significant associations with health outcomes emerged for sit-and-reach. © Minister of Industry, 2014. Source

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