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Kaisey M.,University of Michigan | Mittman B.,Health Services Research and Development Service HSRandD | Pearson M.,RAND | Connor K.I.,University of California at Los Angeles | And 6 more authors.
International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry

Objective Care management approaches have been proven to improve outcomes for patients with dementia and their family caregivers (dyads). However, acceptance of services in these programs is incomplete, impacting effectiveness. Acceptance may be related to dyad as well as healthcare system characteristics, but knowledge about factors associated with program acceptance is lacking. This study investigates patient, caregiver, and healthcare system characteristics associated with acceptance of offered care management services. Methods This study analyzed data from the intervention arm of a cluster randomized controlled trial of a comprehensive dementia care management intervention. There were 408 patient-caregiver dyads enrolled in the study, of which 238 dyads were randomized to the intervention. Caregiver, patient, and health system factors associated with participation in offered care management services were assessed through bivariate and multivariate regression analyses. Results Out of the 238 dyads, 9 were ineligible for this analysis, leaving data of 229 dyads in this sample. Of these, 185 dyads accepted offered care management services, and 44 dyads did not. Multivariate analyses showed that higher likelihood of acceptance of care management services was uniquely associated with cohabitation of caregiver and patient (p < 0.001), lesser severity of dementia (p = 0.03), and higher patient comorbidity (p = 0.03); it also varied across healthcare organization sites. Conclusions Understanding factors that influence care management participation could result in increased adoption of successful programs to improve quality of care. Using these factors to revise both program design as well as program promotion may also benefit external validity of future quality improvement research trials. Copyright © 2011 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. Copyright © 2011 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. Source

Ottomanelli L.,Health Services Research and Development Service HSRandD | Ottomanelli L.,University of South Florida | Barnett S.D.,Health Services Research and Development Service HSRandD | Goetz L.L.,Spinal USA | Goetz L.L.,Virginia Commonwealth University
Quality of Life Research

Purposes: To investigate impact of participation in a supported employment program and impact of employment itself on health-related quality of life (HRQOL), disability, and handicap among Veterans with spinal cord injury (SCI). Methods: We used a prospective, randomized, controlled, multi-site trial of supported employment (SE) versus treatment as usual (TAU) for vocational issues. Subjects were 157 Veterans with SCI who received either SE or TAU for vocational issues. Outcomes were examined in terms of type of vocational treatment received and whether competitive employment was obtained. Outcomes investigated were HRQOL as measured by the Veterans RAND 36-item health survey (VR-36), handicap as measured by the Craig Handicap Assessment and Reporting Technique (CHART), and disability as measured by the functional independence measure (FIM). Subjects were assessed at baseline and at 3, 6, 9, and 12 months. Results: There were no significant differences between Veterans who participated in SE compared to those who received TAU in study measures. Participants obtaining competitive employment demonstrated significantly higher scores on the Social Integration, Mobility, and Occupation dimensions of the CHART. There were no observed differences in VR-36 scores or FIM scores for those obtaining competitive employment. Conclusion(s): This study suggests that employment has a positive effect on an individual's ability to participate in social relationships, move about their home and community, and spend time in productive and usual roles. Inability to detect differences across other domains of handicap or any changes in HRQOL may have been due to several factors including level and intensity of employment, insufficient follow-up period, or measurement limitations. © 2013 Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht (outside the USA). Source

Keyhani S.,Health Services Research and Development Service HSRandD | Keyhani S.,University of California at San Francisco | Keyhani S.,VHA HSR and D Stroke Quality Enhancement Research Initiative QUERI Program | Arling G.,Indiana University | And 12 more authors.
Medical Care

Background: Within the Veterans Health Administration (VHA), approximately 6000 veterans are hospitalized with acute ischemic stroke annually. We examined the use and misuse of thrombolytic therapy with tissue plasminogen activator (tPA) in a national sample of veterans who were admitted to a VHA Medical Center (VAMC) with acute ischemic stroke. Methods: Medical record reviews were conducted on 5000 acute stroke patients who were admitted to a VAMC in 2007. Patients were defined as eligible to receive tPA if they arrived at the hospital within 3 hours of stroke symptom onset and had no contraindications to tPA. We compared eligible patients who received tPA to those who did not and examined the distribution of eligible patients across the 129 VAMCs included in this study. Results: Among the 3931 ischemic stroke patients, 174 (4.4%) were eligible for tPA. Among the 135 patients who arrived within 2 hours of symptom onset which allowed adequate time for testing and evaluation, 19 (14.1%) received tPA. An additional 11 patients received tPA but did not meet eligibility criteria. Eligible patients receiving tPA were similar to eligible patients not receiving tPA in terms of clinical conditions and time to brain imaging. Among the 30 patients that received tPA, 5 (16.6%) received the wrong dose. Among the 85 VAMCs that received 1 eligible patient, on average 2.3 patients were eligible for tPA annually. Conclusions: Relatively few eligible veterans receive thrombolysis across the VHA system. Strategies to improve thrombolysis delivery will have to account for the low annual volume of eligible stroke patients cared for at individual VAMCs. Source

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