Health Protection Scotland HPS

Glasgow, United Kingdom

Health Protection Scotland HPS

Glasgow, United Kingdom
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Lycett S.,University of Edinburgh | Mcleish N.J.,Center for Immunity | Robertson C.,University of Strathclyde | Carman W.,Gartnavel General Hospital | And 6 more authors.
Journal of General Virology | Year: 2012

The spread of influenza has usually been described by a 'density' model, where the largest centres of population drive the epidemic within a country. An alternative model emphasizing the role of air travel has recently been developed. We have examined the relative importance of the two in the context of the 2009 H1N1 influenza epidemic in Scotland. We obtained genome sequences of 70 strains representative of the geographical and temporal distribution of H1N1 influenza during the summer and winter phases of the pandemic in 2009. We analysed these strains, together with another 128 from the rest of the UK and 292 globally distributed strains, using maximumlikelihood phylogenetic and Bayesian phylogeographical methods. This revealed strikingly different epidemic patterns within Scotland in the early and late parts of 2009. The summer epidemic in Scotland was characterized by multiple independent introductions from both international and other UK sources, followed by major local expansion of a single clade that probably originated in Birmingham. The winter phase, in contrast, was more diverse genetically, with several clades of similar size in different locations, some of which had no particularly close phylogenetic affinity to strains sampled from either Scotland or England. Overall there was evidence to support both models, with significant links demonstrated between North American sequences and those from England, and between England and East Asia, indicating that major air-travel routes played an important role in the pattern of spread of the pandemic, both within the UK and globally. © 2012 SGM.


Marques D.F.P.,Health Protection Scotland HPS | Marques D.F.P.,U.S. Center for Disease Control and Prevention | Alexander C.L.,Scottish Parasite Diagnostic and Reference Laboratory SPDRL | Chalmers R.M.,Cryptosporidium Reference Unit | And 8 more authors.
Eurosurveillance | Year: 2017

During the summers of 2015 and 2016, the United Kingdom experienced large outbreaks of cyclosporiasis in travellers returning from Mexico. As the source of the outbreaks was not identified, there is the potential for a similar outbreak to occur in 2017; indeed 78 cases had already been reported as at 27 July 2017. Early communication and international collaboration is essential to provide a better understanding of the source and extent of this recurring situation. © The authors, 2017.


Cleary P.,Public Health England | Browning L.,Health Protection Scotland HPS | Coia J.,Shigella and Clostridium difficile Reference Laboratory | Cowden J.,Health Protection Scotland HPS | And 7 more authors.
Eurosurveillance | Year: 2010

We report the preliminary findings of the investigation of an outbreak of foodborne Salmonella Bareilly. Between August and November 2010, there were 231 laboratory-confirmed reports of S. Bareilly in the United Kingdom. A case-control study showed that consumption of bean sprouts was significantly associated with illness. The investigation concluded that raising public awareness to ensure the correct preparation of raw bean sprouts during cooking was the principal means of preventing further cases.

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