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Chiang Mai, Thailand

Duangjitcharoen Y.,Chiang Mai University | Kantachote D.,Prince of Songkla University | Prasitpuripreecha C.,Ubon Ratchathani University | Peerajan S.,Health Innovation Institute | Chaiyasut C.,Chiang Mai University
Journal of Applied Pharmaceutical Science | Year: 2014

Potential probiotic strain for being health protectant especially intestinal illness is strain specific. This study investigated the selection of a new strain of probiotic of non-human origin and of human origin with the properties of intestinal protection against cancer. From the primary screening results, the human feces origin strains showed more bile salt tolerance than the fermented food origin strains. Whereas none of the human feces origin isolates could grow well in the acid condition. Lactobacillus plantarum CM4 was the new probiotic of non-human origin strain for this study. CM4 cells is said to tolerate and grow in 0.3% bile salt after 5 hours of incubation, at pH3 after 6 hours of incubation. This is in agreement with in vivo study for intestinal adherence ability of probiotic, a live CM4 cells was able to persist in mice small intestine and colon for 5 days. Live CM4 cells showed most effectiveness to bind 2-amino-1-methyl-6-phenylimidazo[4,5-b]pyridine (PhIP) mutagen after 24 hours of incubation with 46.32% of binding ability while 144 hours of incubation with 85.34% of binding ability was the most effective for 2-amino-3-methylimidazo[4,5-f]quinoline (IQ) mutagen. The significant difference (p<0.05) was found at all those time points. Moreover, the CM4 strain could degrade diphenylnitrosamine (DPN) better than 1-nitrosopyrrolidine (NPR) with dose response relationship activity. These imply that the CM4 strain could be the value added for the consuming pharmaceutical probiotic product based on scientific proof of its role in intestinal survival properties and cancer prevention through binding PhIP and IQ mutagen as well as degrading nitrosamine. © 2014 Yodsawee Duangjitcharoen et al. Source


Pengkumsri N.,Chiang Mai University | Chaiyasut C.,Chiang Mai University | Sivamaruthi B.S.,Chiang Mai University | Saenjum C.,Chiang Mai University | And 6 more authors.
Food Science and Technology | Year: 2015

The current study was employed to assess the influence of the different extraction methods on total tocols, γ-oryzanol content, and antioxidant properties of Chiang Mai Black rice, Mali Red rice, and Suphanburi-1 Brown rice bran oil. Rice bran oil (RBO) was extracted by Hexane, Hot pressed, Cold pressed, and Supercritical Fluid Extraction (SFe) methods. High yield of RBO was extracted by hexane and SFe methods. Total and subgroups of tocols, and γ-oryzanol content were determined by HPLC. The hexane extracted sample accounts for high content of γ-oryzanol and tocols. Besides, all of RBO extracts contain a significantly high amount of γ-tocotrienol. In vitro antioxidant assay results indicated that superior quality of oil was recovered by hexane extraction. The temperature in the extraction process also affects the value of the oil. Superior quality of oil was recovered by hexane extraction, in terms of phytochemical contents and antioxidant properties compared to other tested extraction methods. Further, thorough study of factors compromising the quality and quantity of RBO recovery is required for the development of enhanced functional foods and other related products. © 2015, Sociedade Brasileira de Ciencia e Tecnologia de Alimentos, SBCTA. All rights reserved. Source


Woraharn S.,Chiang Mai University | Lailerd N.,Chiang Mai University | Sivamaruthi B.S.,Chiang Mai University | Wangcharoen W.,Maejo University | And 3 more authors.
CYTA - Journal of Food | Year: 2016

Fermented plant beverages (FPBs) are non-alcoholic and are produced by lactic acid bacteria (LAB) with different edible plant sources. Owing to the lack of a detailed study on fermented Hericium erinaceus with LAB, the current study was employed to exploit and optimize the fermentation condition for the production of L-glutamic acid (GA)- and γ-aminobutyric acid (GABA)-rich fermented H. erinaceus beverage by Lactobacillus brevis HP2 and Lactobacillus fermentum HP3, respectively. Box-Behnken design (BBD) for response surface methodology was employed with cofactor, pH and temperature as independent variables. The results suggested that L. brevis HP2 and L. fermentum HP3 are good starter cultures for H. erinaceus fermentation with enriched GA and GABA production. In this case, GA production was significantly influenced by K2HPO4, pH and temperature whereas GABA production was significantly influenced by pH and temperature. Further thorough and fine optimization is required to fabricate high-quality fermented drinks with low cost. © 2015 The Author(s). Published by Taylor & Francis. Source


Pattananandecha T.,Chiang Mai University | Sirilun S.,Chiang Mai University | Duangjitcharoen Y.,Chiang Mai University | Sivamaruthi B.S.,Chiang Mai University | And 3 more authors.
Pharmaceutical Biology | Year: 2016

Context Inulin, a non-digestible carbohydrate isolated from Helianthus tuberosus L. (Asteraceae), has been shown to alter the gut beneficial bacteria including Lactobacillus spp. and Bifidobacteria. Inulin also influences the activities of intestinal microbiota that could prevent the colon cancer development. Objective This study determines the effect of hydrolysed inulin with different degrees of polymerisation on alteration of intestinal microbiota and their activities on azoxymethane (AOM)-induced preneoplastic aberrant crypt foci (ACF) in rats. Materials and methods Seventy-two male Sprague–Dawley rats were randomly divided into six groups (three control and three AOM-treated groups) and the animal were fed with either a normal diet or diet containing 10% of long-chain inulin (InuL) or short-chain inulin (InuS), respectively, for 17 weeks. Colon cancer was induced in rats by injecting AOM subcutaneously at the 8th and 9th week of the study period. At the end of the experiment, cecal contents of rats were examined for selected microbiota, organic acids, putrefactive compounds and microbial enzymes. ACF formation was microscopically examined. Results The inulin diets significantly increased the weight and decreased the pH of the caecal content. The rats fed with InuL-supplemented diet showed approximately 2.9- and 6.8-fold increases in the biomass of Lactobacillus spp. and Bifidobacteria, respectively. Naive and AOM-treated rats fed with inulin-supplemented diet showed ∼1.3- and ∼2.2-fold decreases in the biomass of Escherichia coli and Salmonella enterica serovar Typhi, respectively. Inulins significantly decreased the colonic concentration of phenol, p-cresol and indole. Reduction in the activity of microbial enzymes such as β-glucuronidase, azoreductase and nitroreductase were observed in inulin-treated animals. Reduction in the ACF formation has been observed in inulin-treated groups. Discussion and conclusion The present study demonstrates that dietary administration of inulin reduces the formation of preneoplastic lesions in the colon, possibly by altering the microecology and microbial activities on carcinogenesis. © 2016 Taylor & Francis Source


Woraharn S.,Chiang Mai University | Lailerd N.,Chiang Mai University | Sivamaruthi B.S.,Chiang Mai University | Wangcharoen W.,Maejo University | And 3 more authors.
International Journal of Food Science and Technology | Year: 2015

Fermented plant beverages (FPB) with a high content of desirable principle components are served as functional foods from several years. Hericium erinaceus is famous for its antimicrobial, antioxidant, antihypertensive and antidiabetic nature. Accordingly, the current study was aimed to produce fermented H. erinaceus juice with a high content of L-glutamine (Gln) and L-glutamic acid (GA) through lactic acid bacteria (LAB) isolated from fermented Thai foods. LAB isolates were screened and identified the potent protease-producing bacteria Enterococcus faecalis (G414/1) that facilitate the production of Gln and GA through protein hydrolysis. Box-Behnken design (BBD) and response surface methodology (RSM) were adapted for the optimisation of conditions for the increased production of Gln and GA during fermentation of H. erinaceus. We succeeded with an optimum concentration of cofactor (CaCl2), pH and temperature for improved protease activity and subsequent Gln and GA production. The ability of isolated E. faecalis strain to produce Gln and GA was demonstrated in this study. Further, upstream processes like strain improvement and media optimisation will direct the way to produce enriched H. erinaceus based FPB. © 2015 Institute of Food Science and Technology. Source

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