Head and Neck Surgery

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Head and Neck Surgery

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News Article | April 17, 2017
Site: www.eurekalert.org

3-D printed simulations of lifelike body parts allow surgeons in training the opportunity to practice complex surgeries before assisting with the real thing ANN ARBOR, Mich. - Cher Zhao recently had the rare opportunity to practice skills belonging to the most advanced surgeons: reconstructive cartilage grafting. The setting, however, was fitting for the University of Michigan Medical School resident. Scalpel in hand, Zhao sat at a table carving precise measurements out of realistic material designed to mimic the texture of human cartilage. In the real world, these shapes would be cut from a patient's rib for grafts used for airway or ear reconstruction. In these procedures, then, it's vital that the pieces are carved exactly right. The tool providing Zhao and her peers this immersive experience: Three-dimensional models based on real human cases. Surgical training is one more way University of Michigan researchers are using 3-D printing to advance the quality of care. And the lifelike printed replicas are providing a cost-efficient tool to improve practical experience for more trainees such as Zhao, U-M researchers say in an article published in Otolaryngology- Head and Neck Surgery. Historically, a surgeon's skills have been acquired in live patients, anaesthetized animals or human cadavers, but authors say surgical simulation is increasingly recognized as a vital educational tool. "3-D printing is bringing a whole new meaning to hands-on experience for surgeons in training," says David Zopf, M.D., the article's senior author and a pediatric head and neck surgeon at C.S Mott Children's Hospital. "Hands-on experience is critical for acquiring and improving surgical skills, especially of new and complex procedures," adds Zopf, who keeps a laser 3-D printer in his own office. "This is an exciting tool that not only offers trainees exposure to opportunities they otherwise wouldn't have but that also allows them to demonstrate proficiency of skills before being performed on children." Mott teams have used 3-D printing for almost six years, with the ability to now produce models at a low cost and a much faster rate. The models are based on computer designs of CT scans. The ways in which the technology can be applied are many. Groundbreaking 3-D printed splints made at U-M have helped save the lives of babies with severe tracheobronchomalacia, which causes the windpipe to periodically collapse and prevents normal breathing. Mott has also used 3-D printing on fetuses to plan for potentially complicated births. It also has been applied to complex cases involving surgically removing tumors -- including the full replica of a young patient's skull to plan a best course of action. Such breakthroughs are particularly valuable in pediatric surgery when there are few alternative options for hands-on training. "Airway reconstruction for specialized cases is a technically demanding procedure that often involves carving cartilage to support and expand a reconstructed trachea," says Zopf, who has helped develop high fidelity models for ear reconstruction, cleft lip, and mandible surgery. "Currently, a surgeon in training has scarce opportunity to carve cartilage graft for this type of procedure. We want to see if 3-D printing can accelerate and enhance surgical training." Eighteen surgical trainees in a U-M otolaryngology head and neck surgery dissection course, including Zhao, participated in the exercise last year. They practiced carving on a 3-D printed model of a harvested human cartilage graft created through a CT scan of a pediatric patient's rib. The mold was filled with cornstarch and silicone to give it the real feeling and texture of cartilage. Most participants said the exercise was a very relevant training tool and that the replicas also were useful in demonstrating their skills to teachers. Zhao says the experience may bolster medical training, especially for doctors-to-be like herself who plan to specialize in pediatric otolaryngology treating children with airway disorders. "You only get one chance to carve a harvested graft from a patient's rib, so you have to do it perfectly the first time," she says. "It takes years of practice to learn the technical skills to do it. This was a very realistic experience and what's great is you can keep printing dozens of these models at a time so you can practice over and over again."


News Article | April 17, 2017
Site: www.prweb.com

Ahmed Sufyan, MD, FACS was recently honored to be a guest speaker at McLaren Greater Lansing Hospital. Part of the hospital’s regular community outreach series, Dr. Sufyan lectured attendees on the newest facial rejuvenation techniques. This collaborative offering was part of Dr. Sufyan’s commitment to educating members of the local community about skin health and their restorative options. McLaren Hospital was founded in 1913 in Lansing, Michigan. Over the years, McLaren has grown from a small hospital to a full service medical facility. Today, the hospital includes a breast care center, wound care center, pain management center, pediatric hospital, and more than 30 affiliated practices and teaching clinics. The hospital system routinely provides complimentary health screenings, getting services to those unable to seek out routine healthcare. Along with McLaren’s wide variety of services, the hospital also offers free health and wellness classes for the public. These are geared as a way to inform the public about current health-related issues. Upcoming events include an information session on colorectal health and the state of healthcare in 2017. In an informative meeting, targeting consumers of all ages, Dr. Sufyan spoke about both the traditional and cutting-edge trends in facial rejuvenation. His presentation included an explanation of the normal aging process and the effect it has on facial tissues. Dr. Sufyan reviewed skin changes due to sun damage and other environmental factors, such as smoking and illness. He concluded with a discussion of methods to prevent tissue damage, as well as the innovative range of treatment options available today. At the end of his presentation, Dr. Sufyan was available to address attendee’s questions and concerns. Dr. Sufyan is a facial plastic surgeon and ENT, born and raised in Dearborn, Michigan. After graduating in the top 1% of his class at Wayne State University, Dr. Sufyan completed medical school at the Indiana University School of Medicine. He then went on to excel at a competitive Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery residency at Indiana University. Following his passion for aesthetics, Dr. Sufyan completed one of the most sought-after fellowship programs in the country in facial plastic and reconstructive surgery, under the guidance of the current president of the American Academy of Facial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Edwin Williams III, MD, FACS. To get additional information on any of Dr. Sufyan’s surgical or non invasive facial rejuvenation techniques, contact his East Lansing office at 517.332.0100. Speak with a patient coordinator for assistance in scheduling a private consultation with Dr. Sufyan, either in-person or online.


News Article | May 4, 2017
Site: www.theengineer.co.uk

The University of Michigan is using 3D printed body parts to train surgeons for complicated procedures such as airway and ear reconstruction for children. Reconstructive cartilage grafting is a technique usually performed by advanced surgeons, making training a challenge. In the past, skills have been acquired on live patients, anaesthetised animals or human cadavers, but the medical community is looking increasingly to 3D printing to help simulate surgery. In a new paper published in the journal Otolaryngology- Head and Neck Surgery, the researchers examined the effectiveness of a physical simulator exercise using a 3D-printed costal cartilage grafting tool, with most participants highly rating its realism. “3D printing is bringing a whole new meaning to hands-on experience for surgeons in training,” says David Zopf, the article’s senior author and a paediatric head and neck surgeon at CS Mott Children’s Hospital in Ann Arbor, Michigan. “Hands-on experience is critical for acquiring and improving surgical skills, especially of new and complex procedures. This is an exciting tool that not only offers trainees exposure to opportunities they otherwise wouldn’t have but that also allows them to demonstrate proficiency of skills before being performed on children.” Eighteen surgical trainees from Michigan participated in the exercise last year. They practised carving on a 3D printed model of a harvested human cartilage graft created through a CT scan of a paediatric patient’s rib. The mould was filled with cornstarch and silicon to approximate the feeling and texture of cartilage. “You only get one chance to carve a harvested graft from a patient’s rib, so you have to do it perfectly the first time,” said Cher Zhao, one of the UM trainees that took part in the study. “It takes years of practice to learn the technical skills to do it. This was a very realistic experience and what’s great is you can keep printing dozens of these models at a time so you can practise over and over again.”


The International Association of HealthCare Professionals is pleased to welcome Dr. Gary S. Takowsky, MD, Plastic Surgeon to their prestigious organization with his upcoming publication in The Leading Physicians of the World. He is a highly trained and qualified surgeon with an extensive expertise in all facets of his work, especially plastic and reconstructive surgery. Dr. Gary S. Takowsky has been in practice for more than three decades and is currently serving patients within his own private practice located in Beverly Hills, California. Dr. Gary S. Takowsky’s medical education was completed under Stony Brook University in New York via the Fifth Pathway Program. Dr. Takowsky served as Chief Residency of ENT, Head and Neck Surgery at the White Memorial Medical Center in Los Angeles, California, before completing his Plastic Surgery residency at William Beaumont Hospital in Royal Oak, Michigan. For over 20 years, Dr. Takowsky has developed techniques for male enhancement, subconjunctival removal of fat under the eyes, and Buccal Fat Removal. He has obtained two US patents and designs, as well as a Utility Patent, and has also innovated his own nipple augmentation procedure. Dr. Takowsky provides a wide range of comprehensive services, including Blepharoplasty, Breast Augmentation, Buccal Fat Pad, Face Procedures, Fat Graft to Hands, Gynecomastia, Labia Rejuvenation, Liposuction, Male Enhancement, Nipple Augmentation, Otoplasty, Rhinoplasty, Subconjunctival and tummy tucks. In addition to his private practice, Dr. Takowsky also serves as an ENT in Assisted Care Facilities. He is certified by the American Board of Otolaryngology, and maintains professional memberships with several professional organizations including the California Medical Association, the American Medical Association, and the American Academy of Otolaryngology – Head and Neck Surgery, allowing him to stay current in his field. When Dr. Takowsky is not assisting his patients, he enjoys tennis and playing the piano. His music has been published by the Chrysalis Music Publishing Company, and has also been orchestrated and played by the Prague Symphony. Learn more about Dr. Takowsky here: http://www.garytakowskymd.com and be sure to read his upcoming publication in The Leading Physicians of the World. FindaTopDoc.com is a hub for all things medicine, featuring detailed descriptions of medical professionals across all areas of expertise, and information on thousands of healthcare topics.  Each month, millions of patients use FindaTopDoc to find a doctor nearby and instantly book an appointment online or create a review.  FindaTopDoc.com features each doctor’s full professional biography highlighting their achievements, experience, patient reviews and areas of expertise.  A leading provider of valuable health information that helps empower patient and doctor alike, FindaTopDoc enables readers to live a happier and healthier life.  For more information about FindaTopDoc, visit http://www.findatopdoc.com


News Article | April 17, 2017
Site: www.prweb.com

Ahmed Sufyan, MD, FACS was recently part of February’s Mid-Michigan Womens Expo, presenting several educational seminars and answering consumer questions. This annual event focuses on the unique needs and desires of women in the Lansing community, including a variety of health initiatives. Dr. Sufyan brought his facial plastic surgery experience to the Expo by discussing the cutting-edge advances in facial rejuvenation surgery, as well as the range of noninvasive services available today. This year marked the 17th annual Mid-Michigan Women’s Expo, hosting nearly 10,000 people from the Lansing area, as well as from across the state. Included in the event were 275 exhibits, representing products and services in travel, food, and fashion, as well as health and wellness. The sponsor of this year’s Women's Expo, McLaren Greater Lansing Hospital, hosted 21 separate booths. These offered multiple complementary services, such as free health screenings from medical professionals. Physicians and nurses were on hand to perform cholesterol tests, stroke risk assessments, and joint pain exams. They were available to explain treatments such as acupuncture and breast health, as well as answer any questions. Additionally, educational presentations were offered from renowned area physicians, across multiple specialities. McLaren Hospital has worked with the Mid-Michigan Womens Expo for several years, as a way to bring services and information to the extended community. Chief Nursing Officer, Camille Jensen, MSN, BS, RN-CENP, further explains, “We strive every day to provide  the best care and service for our community, and events like the Women’s Expo are an excellent opportunity to make a meaningful difference.” She continues, “We take enormous pride in providing care for our community, both within and outside the walls of the hospital and (physician) offices.” A long-time Lansing facial plastic surgeon, Dr. Sufyan was honored to present at the Women's Expo, getting a chance to connect with members of the community. This year, Dr. Sufyan discussed the every growing field of noninvasive facial rejuvenation, including the use of injectables such as Botox and soft tissue fillers, cutting-edge laser therapy and physician-grade skin care. During the Women's Expo, Dr. Sufyan offered individual facial rejuvenation information and was available to answer questions. Raised in Dearborn, Michigan, Dr. Sufyan is a facial plastic surgeon and ENT, specializing in procedures for the face and neck. He graduated from Wayne State University, and attended medical school at the Indiana University School of Medicine. After finishing a competitive Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery residency, Dr. Sufyan was chosen complete a coveted fellowship with Edwin Williams III, MD, FACS, current president of the American Academy of Facial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, As an avid writer and speaker, Dr. Sufyan has been published in a variety of medical journals, and regularly speaks at conferences across the United States and internationally. Dr. Sufyan is the founder of a private practice in East Lansing. Emphasizing patient-education, Dr. Sufyan routinely participates in community related events. Additionally, in his free time, Dr. Sufyan volunteers in fostering the facial plastic surgery skills of Otolaryngology residents in New York. To get additional details on Dr. Sufyan’s noninvasive and surgical techniques for facial rejuvenation, contact his East Lansing office at 517.332.0100. More information on the February Mid-Michigan Women's Expo can be found here.


Dr. Hayes B. Gladstone, Board Certified Dermatologist Fellowship Trained Dermatologic Surgeon, Gladstone Clinic, has joined The Expert Network©, an invitation-only service for distinguished professionals. Dr. Gladstone has been chosen as a Distinguished Doctor™ based on peer reviews and ratings, numerous recognitions, and accomplishments achieved throughout his career. Dr. Gladstone outshines others in his field due to his extensive educational background, numerous awards and recognitions, and career longevity. He earned his medical degree from the University of Rochester School of Medicine, and went on to complete his surgical internship and a research fellowship at the University of California, San Francisco. After training in Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery at the University of Washington, he decided to transition to Dermatology and completed an NIH fellowship also at the University of Washington. He followed with a fellowship in Mohs Surgery, Reconstruction and Cosmetic surgery under the mentorship of renowned dermatologic surgeon Ronald L. Moy, MD at the University of California, Los Angeles. He holds a medical license in California and Hawaii and is certified by the board of Dermatology through 2021. Dr. Gladstone's immense training and subsequent success has not gone unnoticed, as he has been the recipient of many prestigious awards, including the Theodore Tromvitch Award from the American College of Mohs Micrographic Surgery, the Career Development Award from the Dermatology Foundation, Marquis Who’s Who in America, and Best Dermatologists in America by Consumer’s Guide, among others. With 20 years dedicated to medicine, Dr. Gladstone is one of the Bay Area's leading experts in the field of dermatology. When asked why he decided to pursue a career in medicine, Dr. Gladstone said: "I was fascinated with the sense of discovery in medicine and the possibility of pushing the frontiers of medical scientific research in order to help people." ​Dr. Gladstone is perhaps most renowned for co-founding the nonprofit Blade and Light International alongside Dr. Muram Alam of Northwestern in 2003. The organization aims to provide patients in developing countries with limited resources comprehensive surgical dermatologic treatment including Mohs surgery, as well as education and training for physicians in those parts of the world. As a thought-leader in his specialty, Dr. Gladstone keeps a close eye on prevailing trends in the medical industry. In particular, he has found that new technologies are increasingly changing practices. He noted: "I am particularly interested in the role of personalized medicine including nanotechnology and molecular targeting, and on the macro level, computers, virtual reality and robotics. The human body is amazingly complex, and it will require multidisciplinary approaches between clinicians, scientists, engineers, computational experts, social scientists and humanists in order to solve many of the diseases that we face and improve the quality of life for our population." For more information, visit Dr. Gladstone's profile on the Expert Network here: http://expertnetwork.co/members/hayes-b-gladstone,-md/313c61cf3fd68772 The Expert Network© has written this news release with approval and/or contributions from Dr. Hayes B. Gladstone. The Expert Network© is an invitation-only reputation management service that is dedicated to helping professionals stand out, network, and gain a competitive edge. The Expert Network selects a limited number of professionals based on their individual recognitions and history of personal excellence.


News Article | May 4, 2017
Site: www.prweb.com

The May 15th issue of Life & Style magazine, on news stands now, features two of the country’s most respected facial plastic surgeons, Dr. Ben Talei and Dr. Ben Stong. These leading plastic surgeons discuss the considerable benefits of cosmetic surgery after cancer treatment. The article highlights the story of Angie Everhart, a popular cover model who turned to Dr. Talei for facial plastic surgery after her thyroid cancer recovery. As a teen, Everhart became a cover model for fashion magazines such as Elle and Glamour. She went on to appear in several Sports Illustrated swimsuit issues as well as Playboy magazine. After battling thyroid cancer in 2013, Everhart sought Dr. Talei’s expertise to counteract the facial aging effects of her cancer and the radiation treatment it demanded. With her cancer gone, Angie Everhart simply wanted to look as good as she felt, a common desire in patients who choose facial plastic surgery. Dr. Ben Talei, Director of the Beverly Hills Center for Plastic & Laser Surgery, was able to help Everhart by performing one of his specialties in cosmetic surgery, the AuraLyft. The AuraLyft is a modified facelift pioneered by Dr. Talei, where incisions are made under the muscles of the face, not just the skin. It can be performed painlessly using only local anesthesia, without the need for a general anesthetic. Everhart is thrilled with the results, stating in the Life & Style article “I look refreshed – like I’ve been to a spa!” Dr. Benjamin Stong of Kalos Facial Plastic Surgery in Atlanta also comments on Everhart’s plastic surgery in the Life & Style magazine story, “With Dr. Talei’s facelift surgery the results are absolutely natural and there is no need for ancillary procedures. The face is never made to look pulled or stretched. It’s beyond impressive.” Dr. Stong is a world-class facial plastic surgeon with highly esteemed training, experience and recognition in his field. He performs an extended, mini deep plane facelift in his own practice, using a technique that aligns very closely with the AuraLyft and produces the same unrivaled results. “Plastic surgery after cancer treatment can be the final catalyst to helping patients physically and emotionally overcome such a difficult stage in their lives,” says Dr. Ben Talei. “It’s very fulfilling to be able to positively contribute to that process.” About Dr. Ben Talei and Beverly Hills Center of Plastic and Laser Surgery: A native of California, Dr. Benjamin Talei graduated from the University of California, Los Angeles with a degree in Physiological Sciences. He received his medical degree at the University of California, San Diego School of Medicine. Dr. Talei went on to complete his residency training in Head and Neck Surgery at Columbia University and Cornell University Medical Centers, New York Presbyterian Hospital. Following his residency program, Dr. Talei became one of the only surgeons in the country to complete two separate fellowships in Facial & Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery including a fellowship at the Vascular Birthmark Institute of New York. In addition, Dr. Talei is a respected author, speaker and humanitarian. About Dr. Benjamin Stong and Kalos Facial Plastic Surgery, LLC: Owner and facial plastic surgeon, Dr. Benjamin Stong is dual board certified in Head and Neck Surgery and Facial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery. He completed his fellowship under one of the most nationally renowned plastic surgeons, Dr. Andrew Jacono in New York. He has combined such a reputable level of training with his own proven experience and talent to bring patients of Atlanta outstanding results in all aspects of surgical and non-surgical cosmetic surgery. In his career thus far, Dr. Stong has earned high prestige in his field publishing multiple journal articles and book chapters over his career. He is also a Castle Connolly Top Doctors award for consecutive years. Dr. Stong also specializes in hair transplantation as well as the most innovative treatments in facial rejuvenation at The K Spa in Atlanta. For additional information on Dr. Talei and the Beverly Hills Center for Plastic and Laser Surgery please visit beverlyhillscenter.com or call (310) 288-0641. For additional information on Dr. Stong and Kalos Facial Plastic Surgery please visit http://www.kalos-plasticsurgery.com or call 404-963-6665.


News Article | May 25, 2017
Site: www.businesswire.com

DENVER--(BUSINESS WIRE)--Arlen Meyers, M.D., has joined BridgeHealth as its chief medical officer. BridgeHealth is a leader in making value-based healthcare accessible through high-quality, lower-cost, bundled surgical case rate benefit plans. “Dr. Meyers’ strong clinical expertise and working relationships in the medical community will enhance BridgeHealth’s delivery of high-quality, lower-cost surgical benefits to self-funded employers and their employees and dependents,” said Mark Stadler, BridgeHealth’s chief executive officer. “As chief medical officer, Dr. Meyers will guide us in defining quality care, adding surgical procedures to our benefits solution, conducting medical case reviews and charting the clinical course of our growth.” Meyers is president and chief executive officer of the Society of Physician Entrepreneurs and professor emeritus of otolaryngology, dentistry and engineering at the University of Colorado School of Medicine. He has founded several medical device and digital health companies. Meyers has consulted companies, governments and universities worldwide on bio entrepreneurship, bioscience, healthcare, healthcare IT and medical travel. Meyers serves as associate editor of the Journal of Commercial Biotechnology and Technology Transfer and Entrepreneurship, and Editor-in-Chief of Medscape Reference: Otolaryngology – Head and Neck Surgery. “All my activities are synergistic,” said Meyers. “They’re part of a larger effort to transform our country from ‘sick care’ to value-based healthcare, from provider-centered care to patient-centered care. I’m passionate about this, and BridgeHealth plays a positive, important role in this transformation.” BridgeHealth negotiates with centers of excellence – the nation’s top-performing surgical teams, according to an independent third-party ranking – for episode-of-care case rates. BridgeHealth bundles the charges for each of the most common surgeries into a single discounted price for self-funded employers. Employer customers save 20-40 percent on surgery costs. Employees and their dependents travel to the centers of excellence for the procedures. To encourage employees to use the BridgeHealth benefits, employer customers typically waive deductibles and coinsurance and pay for travel and accommodations. BridgeHealth’s care coordinators provide information and decision support to patients, relieving them of administrative hassle. Founded in 2007, BridgeHealth (www.bridgehealth.com) is a bundled surgical benefit management company that offers a suite of products for self-insured group health plans to improve quality and outcomes of surgery, reduce costs and positively affect the rate of unnecessary surgery. Through decision support, a high-quality narrow network, care coordination and other strategies, clients get real savings in cost and high-quality outcomes while providing an outstanding patient experience through a facilitated process. Clients achieve very quantifiable results for themselves and their employee/plan members in a manner that integrates with their full suite of health plan benefits. BridgeHealth is headquartered in Denver, Colo.


The International Association of HealthCare Professionals is pleased to welcome Dale Amanda Tylor, MD, MPH, FACS, FAAP, FRCSC, to their prestigious organization with her upcoming publication in The Leading Physicians of the World. Dr. Dale Amanda Tylor is a highly trained and qualified pediatric otolaryngologist with an extensive expertise in all facets of her work, especially the treatment of conditions relating to the ears, nose, and throat, with a special skill in treating children. Dr. Tylor has been in practice for more than 15 years and is currently serving patients within the Washington Township Medical Foundation in Fremont, California. Dr. Tylor’s career in medicine began in 2002 when she graduated from McGill University in Montreal, Quebec. Upon receiving her Medical Degree, she completed her General Surgery internship and Otolaryngology residency at the University of Florida, before undertaking her Pediatric Otolaryngology fellowship at Rady Children’s Hospital San Diego, affiliated with the University of California, San Diego. With a passion for public health and patient education, Dr. Tylor went on to complete her Master of Public Health Degree in 2013 from the University of Liverpool in the United Kingdom. Dr. Tylor is board certified in Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery in both the United States and Canada. She has earned the coveted titles of Fellow of the American Academy of Otolaryngology, the American College of Surgeons, and the American Academy of Pediatrics. To keep up to date with the latest advances and developments in her field, Dr. Tylor maintains a professional membership with the American Society of Pediatric Otolaryngology and the Society for Ear, Nose, and Throat Advances in Children. For her wealth of experience and knowledge, she is a member of the Media and Public Relations Committee of the American Academy of Otolaryngology, and has been featured as an expert in a number of publications, television segments, and on the internet. Dr. Tylor attributes her success to being involved in various societies and organizations, as well as staying current with the latest technology in her field. In her free time, she enjoys hiking and participating in marathons. Learn more about Dr. Tylor here: https://www.mywtmf.com/ and be sure to read her upcoming publication in The Leading Physicians of the World. FindaTopDoc.com is a hub for all things medicine, featuring detailed descriptions of medical professionals across all areas of expertise, and information on thousands of healthcare topics.  Each month, millions of patients use FindaTopDoc to find a doctor nearby and instantly book an appointment online or create a review.  FindaTopDoc.com features each doctor’s full professional biography highlighting their achievements, experience, patient reviews and areas of expertise.  A leading provider of valuable health information that helps empower patient and doctor alike, FindaTopDoc enables readers to live a happier and healthier life.  For more information about FindaTopDoc, visit http://www.findatopdoc.com


Schmal F.,Head and Neck Surgery
Pharmacology | Year: 2013

The aim of this review is to provide an overview of the physiological basis, clinical picture and treatment options for motion sickness. Motion sickness is a well-known nausea and vomiting syndrome in otherwise healthy people. The physical signs of motion sickness occur in both humans and animals during travel by sea, automobile or airplane and in space. Furthermore, some other special situations, such as simulators, the cinema and video games, have been described as causing pseudomotion sickness. Children between 2 and 12 years old are most susceptible to motion sickness, and women are more frequently affected than men. Predisposing factors include menstruation, pregnancy, migraines and possibly a side difference in the mass of otoconia in the vestibular organs. Therapy is directed towards decreasing conflicting sensory input, accelerating the process of adaptation and controlling nausea and vomiting. To control these vegetative symptoms, scopolamine and antihistamines are the most effective drugs. © 2013 S. Karger AG, Basel.

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