HCG Foundation

Bangalore, India

HCG Foundation

Bangalore, India
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Sahoo R.,Triesta science I Private Ltd | V V.H.,Triesta science I Private Ltd | Babu V.C.,Triesta science I Private Ltd | V. Patil Okaly G.,Triesta science I Private Ltd | And 5 more authors.
Lung Cancer | Year: 2011

Epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) is one of the targeted molecular markers in many cancers including the lung malignancy. Genetic modifications such as deletions, insertions and Single Nucleotide Polymorphisms in the tyrosine kinase (TK) domain of EGFR is a common feature observed in most lung cancers. Gefitinib and erlotinib are commonly available therapeutic drugs which act as specific inhibitors for the tyrosine kinase domain of EGFR and associated with EGFR mutations in exons 18-21. However the prevalence of mutation varies among ethnicity, grade, age and gender. This is the first report on the prevalence of EGFR mutation in non-small cell lung cancer patients using DNA obtained from samples such as biopsy/cytology/pleural fluid and Fine Needle Aspiration (FNA), across India. We have screened for 29 somatic mutations which span exons 18, 19, 20 and 21 of EGFR gene using Scorpion probe based ARMS-PCR technique. DNA from 220 NSCLC tissue samples were analyzed for EGFR mutations and mutations were detected in 51.8% of the study population. Among the mutant positive cases, the deletions in exon 19 (52%) and a missense mutation L858R in exon 21 (26%) were most predominant. There was a significant increase in overall mutations (p = 0.01) as a function of age, mutation in exons 19 and 21 together (p = 0.003), mutations in exons 18, 19 and 21 (p = 0.04) and mutations in exons 18 and 19 (p = 0.03) in females. Mutations did not seem to significantly correlate metastases or disease progression. Mutations in exons [19] and 21 together were significant in non-smokers compared to smokers (p = 0.01) using Mann-Whitney tests. The study suggests high prevalence of EGFR positivity in NSCLC in Indian sub-population and provides opportunities for targeted therapies for this group. © 2011 Elsevier Ireland Ltd.

Sahoo R.,Triesta science I Private Ltd | Babu V.C.,Triesta science I Private Ltd | Harini V.V.,Triesta science I Private Ltd | Patil G.V.,Triesta science I Private Ltd | And 8 more authors.
Onkologie | Year: 2011

Background: Fluorescent in situ hybridization (FISH) equivocal results for Her-2/neu still pose a diagnostic dilemma in oncology practice. In this study, we evaluate if Her-2/neu mRNA expression is an alternative to FISH for detecting Her-2/neu positivity. Patients and Methods: Archival paraffin blocks of 54 breast cancer patients were analyzed for Her-2/neu status using immunohistochemistry (IHC), FISH, and Her-2/neu gene expression using mRNA. Results: There was a 100% positive agreement and 64.7% negative agreement of Her-2/neu mRNA expression with respect to the reference standard (FISH), with the kappa value for agreement being 0.36. mRNA levels correlated positively and strongly with FISH ratio and IHC positivity. For Her-2/neu mRNA expression, Her-2/neu copy number was a significant predictor indicating that mRNA expression is independent of polysomy status. Conclusions: Her-2/neu mRNA expression may help tide over ambiguity posed by polysomy and FISH equivocal samples. © 2011 S. Karger AG, Basel.

Jamaly S.,Brindavan College | Khanehkenari M.R.,Brindavan College | Rao R.,HCG Foundation | Patil G.,Triesta science I Private Ltd | And 6 more authors.
Tumor Biology | Year: 2012

Exposure to pollutants in the environment, tobacco and alcohol consumption, poor oral hygiene and opportunistic viral infections are important aetiological factors in head and neck cancers. In this study, we evaluate the complex interrelationships between these factors andmolecular events such as p53 overexpression in causation of head and neck cancers. Tissue samples from 110 patients with histopathologically confirmed carcinoma of head and neck were analyzed from our tissue biorepository with patient consent. Data pertaining to their dietary habits, tobacco and alcohol consumption were abstracted. P53 overexpression was analysed by immunohistochemistry and HPV (high-risk genotype) were studied by Chromogenic in situ Hybridization using an ultra sensitive DNA probe. Chi-square analysis was done to determine relationships between proportions of dependent and independent variables. Bivariate relationships were determined between these variables using Spearman's rank correlation. Linear regression analysis was used to determine the best predictor variable influencing p53 expression. Tobacco consumption especially smoking cigarettes and all forms of tobacco consumption put together and HPV infection significantly influenced p53 overexpression. Forty-five percent of the studied cohort was positive for HPV. Regression analysis showed interaction between tobacco and HPVinfection to be a primary predictor (β=0.31, p00.02) for p53 expression. Tobacco in any form: chewing, smoking and snuffing, along with HPV infection is significantly associated with p53 overexpression. There is a high prevalence of HPV infection (45%) in Indian patients suggesting its possible role in the aetiology of head and neck cancer. © International Society of Oncology and BioMarkers (ISOBM) 2011.

Veldore V.H.,Reference Pathology Laboratory | Rao R.M.,HCG Oncology Hospitals | Rao R.M.,HCG Foundation | Kakara S.,Reference Pathology Laboratory | And 18 more authors.
Indian Journal of Cancer | Year: 2013

Background: Epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) mutation plays a vital role in the prognosis of patients with lung cancer. However, there is a dearth of studies on EGFR mutation in Indian population. In this retrospective study conducted at a network of tertiary cancer care centers across India, we evaluated the proportion of EGFR mutation in patients with non-small-cell lung carcinomas (NSCLC). Materials and Methods: A total of 1036 cases of non-small lung cancer were assessed for EGFR mutation status using Scorpion amplified refractory mutation system real time polymerase chain reaction method from fine needle aspiration cytology core biopsy, pleural fluid and cell blocks. For a few cases, macro dissection of tumor from H and E slides was also performed for EGFR analysis. EGFR Status was assessed for the most commonly known driver mutations in Exons 18, 19, 20 and 21, which contributes to a total of 29 somatic mutations including the resistance mutation T790M. Results: Around 39% of the cohort was female and 61% were male. Mutation was positive in 40.3% and negative (wild type) in 59.7%. There was 1.8% mutation in exon 18, 24.6% in exon 19, 1.6% in exon 20 and 12.8% in exon 21. 38.2% had a mutation in a single site and 1.1% had a mutation in two sites. Overall mutation was significant in females (50.5% vs. 33.9%) compared with males (χ2 = 28.3, P < 0.001). Mutation was significant in exon 21 (16.8% vs. 10.3%, χ2 = 9.44, P = 0.002) and exon 19 (30.7% vs. 20.7%, χ2 = 13.2, P < 0.001) in females compared with males. Conclusion: EGFR is expressed differentially/mutated in patients with NSCLC. Further studies to unravel the predictors for acquired genetic alterations of EGFR are needed.

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