Staffordshire, United Kingdom
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Tillett W.,Royal National Hospital for Rheumatic Diseases | Shaddick G.,University of Bath | Askari A.,Robert Jones and Agnes Hunt Hospital | Cooper A.,Royal Hampshire County Hospital | And 10 more authors.
Rheumatology (United Kingdom) | Year: 2014

Objective. The aim of this study was to determine the extent to which structural damage, clinical disease activity, demographic and social factors are associated with work disability (WD) in PsA.Methods. Four hundred patients fulfilling CASPAR (Classification Criteria for Psoriatic Arthritis) criteria for PsA were recruited from 23 hospitals across the UK. Demographic, socio-economic, work, clinical and radiographic data were collected. WD was assessed with the Work Productivity and Activity Impairment Specific Health Problem (WPAI-SHP) questionnaire reporting WD as a percentage of absenteeism (work time missed), presenteeism (impairment at work/reduced effectiveness) and work productivity loss (overall work impairment/absenteeism plus presenteeism). Logistic and linear regressions were conducted to investigate associations with WD.Results. Two hundred and thirty-six participants of any age were in work. Absenteeism, presenteeism and productivity loss rates were 14% (s.d. 29.0), 39% (s.d. 27.2) and 46% (s.d. 30.4), respectively. Ninety-two (26%) participants of working age were unemployed. Greater age, disease duration of 2-5 years and worse physical function were associated with unemployment. Patients reported that employer awareness and helpfulness exerted a strongly positive influence on remaining in employment. Higher levels of global and joint-specific disease activity and worse physical function were associated with greater levels of presenteeism and productivity loss among those who remained in work.Conclusion. Reduced effectiveness at work was associated with measures of disease activity, whereas unemployment, considered the endpoint of WD, was associated with employer factors, age and disease duration. A longitudinal study is under way to determine whether treatment to reduce disease activity ameliorates WD in the real-world setting. © The Author 2014. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the British Society for Rheumatology. All rights reserved.


Muller S.,Keele University | Hider S.L.,Keele University | Hider S.L.,Haywood Rheumatology Center | Helliwell T.,Keele University | And 5 more authors.
Arthritis Research and Therapy | Year: 2016

Background: The aim was to characterise the sociodemographic, general health and polymyalgia rheumatica (PMR)-specific features of participants in a large inception cohort of patients with PMR diagnosed in UK primary care. Methods: Patients (n = 739) with a new diagnosis of PMR were referred into the study and mailed a questionnaire detailing their general health and sociodemographic characteristics in addition to the symptoms of and treatment for PMR. Characteristics of responders and non-responders were compared and descriptive statistics were used to characterise the health of the cohort. Results: A total of 654 individuals responded to the questionnaire (adjusted response 90.1 %). Responders and non-responders were similar in age, gender and deprivation (based on postcode). The mean (standard deviation) age of the recruited cohort was 72.4 (9.3) years; 62.2 % were female. The sample reported high levels of pain and stiffness (8 out of 10 on numerical rating scales) and reported stiffness that lasted throughout the day. High levels of functional impairment, fatigue, insomnia and polypharmacy were also reported. Overall, women reported worse general and PMR-specific health than did men. Conclusions: This first primary care cohort of patients with incident PMR is similar in demographic terms to cohorts recruited in secondary care. However, the extent of symptoms, particularly reported stiffness, is higher than has been described previously. Given the majority of patients with PMR are exclusively managed in primary care, this cohort provides important information on the course of PMR in the community that will help clinicians managing this painful and disabling condition. © 2016 The Author(s).


PubMed | Cannock Chase Hospital, Whytemans Brae Hospital, Southmead Hospital, Haywood Rheumatology Center and 4 more.
Type: | Journal: Clinical and experimental rheumatology | Year: 2017

A prospective, double blind, randomised, placebo controlled trial over 2 years was performed to test the efficacy of alendronate, an oral aminobisphosphonate, in improving symptoms and arrest disease progression in patients with mild to severe ankylosing spondylitis (AS).180 patients with AS were randomised to receive weekly alendronate 70 mg or placebo (1:1 randomisation). BAS-G was the primary outcome measure with Bath indices as secondary outcomes. Vertebral x-rays were performed at 0 and 24 months. Biomarkers (including CRP, IL-1beta, IL6, VEGF, MMP-1, and MMP-3) were collected during the first 12 months.There was no significant difference between the placebo and treatment groups in any of the recorded outcomes over the 2 years including clinical indices, biomarkers, and radiology. The change in BAS-G, the primary outcome measure, was -0.21 for the treatment group and -0.42 for the placebo group p=0.57. Change in all other clinical outcome measures were also non-significant; BASDAI p=0.86, BASFI p=0.37, BASMI p=0.021. Sub-group analysis of those subjects with a baseline BASDAI >4 were also non-significant.This prospective study demonstrates that alendronate 70mg weekly for 2 years was no more efficacious than placebo in improving clinical or laboratory measures of disease activity or measures of physical impact in subjects with mild to severe active AS.ID SRCTN12308164, registered on 15.12.2015.


Green D.J.,Keele University | Muller S.,Keele University | Mallen C.D.,Keele University | Hider S.L.,Keele University | Hider S.L.,Haywood Rheumatology Center
Scandinavian Journal of Rheumatology | Year: 2015

Objectives: Polymyalgia rheumatica (PMR) is the commonest inflammatory disorder of older adults. Although not part of the recently published classification criteria, patients with PMR frequently complain of fatigue. We compared consultation for fatigue and sleep problems between individuals with and without PMR. Method: Consulters receiving a Read-coded diagnosis of PMR at nine general practices between 2000 and 2009 were matched by age, gender, general practice, and year of consultation to four patients without PMR. Fatigue and sleep problems were defined using Read codes. Cox regression was used to determine the association between PMR diagnosis and consultation for a fatigue/sleep problem. Results: In total, 549 PMR patients were identified. Their mean (SD) age was 73.9 (8.6) years and 71% of the participants were female. Prior to the index date, 33 PMR patients and 80 matched non-PMR patients consulted with fatigue (0.43 vs. 0.25 consultations per 10 000 person-years, p = 0.006). PMR was associated with significantly more multiple fatigue consultations in the 12 months before PMR diagnosis [hazard ratio (HR) 1.95, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.23-3.08]; no significant difference was seen in rates of consultations for sleep problems between patients with and without PMR. Conclusions: PMR patients were significantly more likely to have had multiple fatigue consultations before being diagnosed with PMR. Given the overproduction of inflammatory cytokines seen in PMR, this fatigue may represent a prodromal phase prior to consulting with more classical musculoskeletal symptoms. This suggests that clinicians should consider PMR as a potential diagnosis in older patients consulting with fatigue. © 2015 Taylor & Francis on license from Scandinavian Rheumatology Research Foundation.


Arkell P.,Haywood Rheumatology Center | Ryan S.,Haywood Rheumatology Center | Brownfield A.,Haywood Rheumatology Center | Cadwgan A.,Staffordshire University | Packham J.,Haywood Rheumatology Center
BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders | Year: 2013

Background: Anti-tumour necrosis factor (anti-TNF) therapies are an important recent development in the treatment of autoimmune disease. Despite important side effects relating to immune suppression, there is lack of research into patient experiences, attitudes and expectations about the information they receive prior to starting anti-TNF therapy. Methods. In May 2011 participants were purposively sampled to form two focus groups varying in age, anti-TNF agent and pre-therapy disease activity. A semi-structured topic guide was used to explore patients' experiences regarding the information they received prior to commencing anti-TNF therapy. The focus groups were audio-taped and transcribed verbatim. Data were analysed using content analysis. Results: Four key themes were identified.Firstly, weighing the risks and benefits of anti-TNF therapy. However, most participants attached limited importance to side effects, saying their strong desire for RA symptom control was overriding. Two reported deliberately concealing illness in order to continue their medication.Secondly, the desire for information. They suggested that counselling should occur at an early stage and not during a severe RA flare-up.Thirdly, the process of starting anti-TNF. Many identified that their biggest worry was whether they would be eligible for the new medication. They remembered little about the investigations they underwent, and none said they would have objected to being tested for blood borne viruses.Finally, the experience of being on anti-TNF. Most were positive, describing effects on quality of life as well as symptoms. Conclusions: The use of qualitative methodology in this study has enabled an understanding of patients' attitudes towards receiving information about anti-TNF therapy. The results may be useful to health professionals in terms of the timing and content of the information given to patients prior to commencing anti-TNF therapy. © 2013 Arkell et al.; licensee BioMed Central Ltd.

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