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Ickovics J.R.,Haven Behavioral | Carroll-Scott A.,Drexel University | Peters S.M.,The New School | Schwartz M.,Yale University | And 2 more authors.
Journal of School Health | Year: 2014

BACKGROUND: The Institute of Medicine (2012) concluded that we must "strengthen schools as the heart of health." To intervene for better outcomes in both health and academic achievement, identifying factors that impact children is essential. Study objectives are to (1) document associations between health assets and academic achievement, and (2) examine cumulative effects of these assets on academic achievement. METHODS: Participants include 940 students (grades 5 and 6) from 12 schools randomly selected from an urban district. Data include physical assessments, fitness testing, surveys, and district records. Fourteen health indicators were gathered including physical health (eg, body mass index [BMI]), health behaviors (eg, meeting recommendations for fruit/vegetable consumption), family environment (eg, family meals), and psychological well-being (eg, sleep quality). Data were collected 3-6months prior to standardized testing. RESULTS: On average, students reported 7.1 health assets out of 14. Those with more health assets were more likely to be at goal for standardized tests (reading/writing/mathematics), and students with the most health assets were 2.2 times more likely to achieve goal compared with students with the fewest health assets (both p < .001). CONCLUSIONS: Schools that utilize nontraditional instructional strategies to improve student health may also improve academic achievement, closing equity gaps in both health and academic achievement. © 2013, American School Health Association. Source

Levy B.R.,Haven Behavioral | Chung P.H.,University of California at Berkeley | Bedford T.,The New School | Navrazhina K.,York College
Gerontologist | Year: 2014

Ageism has been found to exist throughout a wide variety of societal institutions. Whether it also exists in social networking sites has not been previously considered. To explore this possibility, we conducted a content analysis of each publicly accessible Facebook group that concentrated on older individuals. The site "Descriptions" of the 84 groups, with a total of 25,489 members, were analyzed. The mean age category of the group creators was 20-29; all were younger than 60 years. Consistent with our hypothesis, the Descriptions of all but one of these groups focused on negative age stereotypes. Among these Descriptions, 74% excoriated older individuals, 27% infantilized them, and 37% advocated banning them from public activities, such as shopping. Facebook has the potential to break down barriers between generations; in practice, it may have erected new ones. © 2013 The Author. Source

Levy B.R.,Haven Behavioral | Slade M.D.,Yale University | Chung P.H.,University of California at Berkeley | Gill T.M.,Yale University
Journals of Gerontology - Series B Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences | Year: 2015

Objective. To examine whether the age stereotypes of older individuals would become more negative or else show resiliency following stressful events and to examine whether age-stereotype negativity would increase the likelihood of experiencing a stressful event (i.e., hospitalization). Method. Age stereotypes of 231 participants, 70 years and older, were assessed across 10 years, before and after the occurrence of hospitalizations and bereavements. Results. Age-stereotype negativity was resilient despite encountering stressful events. In contrast, more negative age stereotypes were associated with a 50% greater likelihood of experiencing a hospitalization. Discussion. The robustness of negative age stereotypes was expressed in their capacity to resist change as well as generate it. © 2014 The Author. Source

Millar B.M.,City University of New York | Wang K.,Yale University | Pachankis J.E.,Haven Behavioral
Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology | Year: 2016

Objective: As empirical evidence for the effectiveness of LGB-affirmative psychotherapy emerges, the question of whether some clients may derive greater benefit than others becomes important. The current study investigated whether internalized homonegativity (IH), both explicit and implicit, moderated the efficacy of a cognitive-behavioral intervention designed to improve the mental and sexual health of young gay and bisexual men through facilitating minority stress coping. Method: At baseline, young gay and bisexual men (n = 54) experiencing symptoms of depression and anxiety completed measures of explicit and implicit IH. Participants also completed self-reports of mental health and an interviewer-based assessment of past-90-day risk behavior before and after treatment in a 10-session individual LGB-affirmative intervention. Results: Moderation analyses showed that participants higher in implicit IH experienced greater reductions in depression (b =-2.99, p =.031, 95% confidence interval [CI] [-5.69,-0.29]), anxiety (b =-3.56, p =.014, 95% CI [-6.35,-0.76]), and past-90-day condomless anal sex with casual partners (b =-1.29, p =.028, 95% CI [-2.44,-0.14]). Participants higher in explicit IH experienced greater reductions in past-90-day heavy drinking (b =-0.42, p =.003, 95% CI [-0.69,-0.15]). Conclusions: These findings indicate that greater gains from LGB-affirmative psychotherapy were observed in gay and bisexual men who were higher in IH, particularly when measured implicitly. As the first study that examines factors moderating the efficacy of LGB-affirmative psychotherapy, the present research has important implications for intervention development and highlights the value of incorporating implicit measures into clinical work. © 2016 American Psychological Association. Source

Levy B.R.,Haven Behavioral | Pilver C.E.,The New School | Pietrzak R.H.,Yale University
Social Science and Medicine | Year: 2014

Older military veterans are at greater risk for psychiatric disorders than same-aged non-veterans. However, little is known about factors that may protect older veterans from developing these disorders. We considered whether an association exists between the potentially stress-reducing factor of resistance to negative age stereotypes and lower prevalence of the following outcomes among older veterans: suicidal ideation, anxiety, and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Participants consisted of 2031 veterans, aged 55 or older, who were drawn from the National Health and Resilience in Veterans Study, a nationally representative survey of American veterans. The prevalence of all three outcomes was found to be significantly lower among participants who fully resisted negative age stereotypes, compared to those who fully accepted them: suicidal ideation, 5.0% vs. 30.1%; anxiety, 3.6% vs. 34.9%; and PTSD, 2.0% vs. 18.5%, respectively. The associations followed a graded linear pattern and persisted after adjustment for relevant covariates, including age, combat experience, personality, and physical health. These findings suggest that developing resistance to negative age stereotypes could provide older individuals with a path to greater mental health. © 2014. Source

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