Hasuda Hospital

Hasuda, Japan

Hasuda Hospital

Hasuda, Japan

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Hasegawa K.,Hasuda Hospital
Gan to kagaku ryoho. Cancer & chemotherapy | Year: 2013

We report a case of a 55-year-old woman who underwent mastectomy and axillary lymph node dissection for right breast cancer( T2N1cM0) 7 years previously. She had been experiencing chest pain for 1 year. Ultrasonography( US) showed a low echoic mass, 1 cm in diameter, near the rib in the right breast (class 5).Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and positron emission tomography( PET)-computed tomography( CT) scans revealed an 8-cm wide, segmentally enhancing soft tissue lesion and enhanced lymph nodes at the right edge of the sternum. Under the diagnosis of local recurrence, the patient received chemotherapy consisting of adriamycin and cyclophosphamide( AC) and docetaxel. Definite improvement in chest wall metastasis was observed following this treatment. By changing the treatment to endocrine therapy, the disease has been effectively controlled.


We report our experience with a case of iatrogenic immunodeficiency-associated lymphoproliferative disease in a patient who had been treated with methotrexate (MTX) for rheumatoid arthritis for 9 consecutive years, which showed natural remission after discontinuation of the MTX therapy. The patient was a 64-year-old woman who was admitted emergently to our hospital with hematemesis and melena. She presented with multiple gastric ulcers and bilateral tonsillitis with a central ulcer. Biopsy of these lesions raised the suspicion of diffuse large B-cell lymphoma. Positron emission tomography (PET)- computed tomography( CT) showed increased fluorodeoxyglucose( FDG) accumulation in the pharynx, cervical lymph nodes, liver, spleen, stomach, distal part of the ileum, and para-aortic lymph nodes, with a maximum standard uptake value of 26.85. Blood test showed elevated lactate dehydrogenase( LDH)( 321 U/L) and interleukin( IL)-2R( 3,531 U/mL) levels. After discontinuation of MTX, the sore throat subsided, and the tonsillitis, lymph node enlargement, and ulcers were resolved. The levels of LDH and IL-2R returned to within the normal range. The patient could be categorized into a regressive disease group with relatively favorable prognosis among patients with MTX-induced lymphoproliferative disease. However, she should continue to be followed up regularly because there remains a possibility that lymphoproliferative disease may relapse after the discontinuation of MTX.


We report a case of a 64-year-old man with multiple lung metastases after gastric cancer surgery. This patient was initially treated with S-1. However, he experienced adverse effects, and subsequently, he was effectively treated with cisplatin (CDDP) and irinotecan (CPT-11). In July 2010, the patient experienced a decrease in appetite and underwent a detailed examination. He also underwent distal gastrectomy in the same month. The postoperative diagnosis was T4a( SE), N2, M0, Stage IIIB. In November 2010, adjuvant chemotherapy with S-1 was initiated. In February 2011, the patient developed a skin disorder( grade 3) and generalized edema along with walking difficulty, which were identified as adverse effects of S-1. Evidently, S-1 was contraindicated for this patient, and adjuvant therapy was discontinued. In September 2011, contrast -enhanced thoracoabdominal computed tomography( CT) was performed and para-aortic lymph node metastasis and multiple lung metastases were detected. CDDP+CPT-11 therapy was initiated. By June 2012, 8 courses had been administered, and the patient had a good partial response. With regard to chemotherapy for advanced or recurrent gastric cancer, there is no consensus on a treatment policy for cases in which S-1 cannot be used owing to adverse effects. CDDP+CPT-11 therapy is considered a safe and effective choice.


A 75-year-old woman with a chief complain of anal pain visited the emergency department. She was diagnosed as having S-colon cancer perforation accompanied by an intra-abdominal abscess. Computed tomography (CT)-guided drainage was applied to the intra-abdominal abscess. Six days after drainage, the patient's condition progressed to acute respiratory failure due to heart failure, and ventilator support was provided temporarily. The patient's cardiopulmonary function improved with conservative management. S-colon cancer was detected during colonoscopy examination, and biopsy indicated a tub2 tumor. Next, S-colon resection with D3 lymph node dissection was performed. The postoperative course was uncomplicated. Two months after surgery, liver metastases were detected on CT. Since the patient's performance status (PS) was 3, it was impossible for her to undergo chemotherapy. Four months after surgery, her PS was restored to 2 and the liver metastases were exacerbated, as seen on CT. The patient began chemotherapy (XELOX plus bevacizumab, 30% reduced dose). Eight months after the start of chemotherapy, 9 courses had been administered, the carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA)/carbohydrate antigen (CA) 19-9 level had decreased to the reference value, and the decrease in size of the liver metastases indicated a partial response (PR), as assessed by CT.


In a patient with multiple liver metastases of colorectal cancer in whom tumor response had been achieved by 5-FU hepatic arterial infusion, the catheter for arterial infusion chemotherapy was occluded resulting in re-elevation of tumor marker levels. Second-line IRIS therapy using S-1 and CPT-11 was started. IRIS therapy reduced tumor marker levels to a degree greater than that previously achieved with 5-FU hepatic arterial infusion, and diagnostic imaging allowed a judgment of partial response. But tumor marker levels increased gradually. After all, diagnostic imaging allowed a judgment of progressive disease and an eminent elevation of tumor marker levels in one year. Third-line panitumumab therapy was started. Panitumumab therapy reduced tumor marker levels to a degree greater than that previously achieved with 5-FU hepatic arterial infusion and IRIS therapy, and diagnostic imaging allowed a judgment of partial response. We report herein a successful case. Hepatic arterial infusion therapy is one of the treatment methods characterized by a lower incidence of adverse reactions, relatively low cost, and expectation of high anti-tumor efficacy as compared to chemotherapy such as FOLFIRI. IRIS therapy does not require a port insertion and pump carrying, and its cost is about half of FOLFIRI therapy. When used as second-line therapy for unresectable colorectal cancer, non-inferiority of IRIS therapy to FOLFIRI therapy has been demonstrated in a phase II/III clinica (l FIRIS) study. We may say that IRIS therapy is promising as an equivalent to hepatic arterial infusion therapy in the treatment of liver metastases of colorectal cancer. In addition, we may say that panitumumab therapy is promising as an equivalent to hepatic arterial infusion therapy and IRIS therapy.


Hasegawa K.,Hasuda Hospital
Gan to kagaku ryoho. Cancer & chemotherapy | Year: 2013

Spontaneous intrahepatic hematoma caused by hepatocellular carcinoma is a rare condition since usually the circumference shows liver cirrhosis. We report a case of hepatocellular carcinoma with an intrahepatic hematoma. A 79-year-old man was admitted to our hospital with sudden onset upper abdominal pain and high fever. Laboratory data showed that the patient had liver dysfunction but was not anemic. Abdominal computed tomography( CT) revealed an intrahepatic tumor with a hematoma measuring 8.5 cm in diameter in the right lobe of the liver. An enhancing lesion and pooling of contrast media inside the tumor was observed. Angiography also revealed a microaneurysm in the tumor. The patient underwent right hepatic lobectomy, and histopathological examination showed hepatocellular carcinoma.


Hasegawa K.,Hasuda Hospital
Gan to kagaku ryoho. Cancer & chemotherapy | Year: 2012

A 68-year-old man underwent total gastrectomy for gastric cancer(Stage II). Adjuvant chemotherapy with S-1 was administered. At 21 months after the operation, he received a nephron catheter because of hydronephrosis caused by para-aortic lymph node metastases. Then, weekly paclitaxel was given as a second-line treatment. However, his tumor marker level increased and he therefore received CPT-11 (160 mg/m2) as a third-line treatment at 28 months after the operation. At 7 days after the first CPT-11 administration, he was hospitalized because of a severe adverse event involving nausea and general fatigue, which caused a continuous fever of 39°C and renal failure at 14 days after administration. However, hydration enabled him to recover several days later. Computed tomography scan revealed the lymph node metastases to be partial remission.


There are a growing number of reports of unresectable, advanced colorectal cancer and multiorgan invasive colorectal cancer for which extended surgery was avoided or a radical operation was performed after down-staging, or tumor size reduction, was achieved by chemotherapy. Here we describe a case of sigmoid colon cancer (cStage IV) for which preoperative chemotherapy improved the outcome of surgery. The patient was a 57-year-old man with sigmoid colon cancer of sufficient size to block the passage of the endoscope. The cancer was found to be widely infiltrated and adherent to the peritoneum over the bladder, with effusion around the tumor that made peritoneal disseminated metastasis a strong possibility. Moreover, many regional and periaortic lymph nodes were swollen. Sigmoid colon cancer at Stage IV was diagnosed. After preoperative chemotherapy [mFOLFOX6+bevacizumab (Bev)] was administered, tumor size decreased sufficiently to allow the endoscope to pass through. The effusion around the tumor disappeared, and lymph node swellings were reduced. The surgical findings revealed no evidence of peritoneal metastasis, and tumor adhesion to the peritoneum over the bladder was small, which limited the extent of combined peritonectomy. Ultimately, the histopathological diagnosis was Stage II,and histological evaluation of the drug therapy effects was that the tumor was then Grade 1b. Although clinical studies are currently conducted on preoperative chemotherapy for locally advanced colorectal cancer, preoperative chemotherapy is not established as standard treatment due to lack of clear evidence. The evaluation of the usefulness of preoperative chemotherapy is warrants future clinical studies.


Iwata N.,Hasuda Hospital
Gan to kagaku ryoho. Cancer & chemotherapy | Year: 2012

An 80-year-old woman visited our department with the complaint of icterus and brown urine. After detailed examination, she was diagnosed with cT4N0M (-), cStage IVa, hilar cholangiocarcinoma. We believed that she could be cured with surgery, but she and her family did not agree to the surgical procedure. Chemotherapy was scheduled, and gemcitabine (GEM) therapy was started in April 2011. GEM therapy reduced significantly the level of the CA 19-9 tumor marker, and diagnostic imaging allowed a judgment of partial response or stable disease after 18 months. In the present report, we describe a case of a patient with hilar cholangiocarcinoma who achieved long-term survival with GEM therapy. We also include a brief literature review.


Hasegawa K.,Hasuda Hospital
Gan to kagaku ryoho. Cancer & chemotherapy | Year: 2011

A 64-year-old female with a primary complaint of abdominal and back pain was diagnosed as locoregionally advanced pancreas cancer. She underwent distal pancreatectomy and received postoperative adjuvant chemotherapy of gemcitabine (GEM). Abdominal CT after 14 months showed a local recurrence without far organ metastasis. She was treated with radiation and the chemotherapy of S-1, which resulted in a stable control by a follow up CT. Then she is undergoing the combination chemotherapy of GEM and S-1. The patient is alive for 26 months after the operation.

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