Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-FP-SICA | Phase: SiS-2010-188.8.131.52 | Award Amount: 2.36M | Year: 2011
The overall objective of this proposal is enhancing research cooperation on gender and science between the European Union and the Mediterranean countries. Research cooperation is aimed at better understand the roots of gender inequality in science in the area, taking into account cultural diversities and traditions, and analyse how the Mediterranean countries are addressing this issue. It will deal with gender equality from a twofold perspective: the representation of women in scientific research and technological development and the integration of the gender dimension in research policy. The project will provide state of the art description, data collection and relevant comparative analysis on gender and science in all the Mediterranean countries, focusing on three key themes: statistics on women in science, gender equality policies and research on gender inequalities in science careers. These results will be made accessible to the research community and policy makers via an online database, publishable reports and workshops. With the overall purpose of enhancing networking and steering policy-making on gender and science in the years to come, the project will finally develop recommendations for policy-makers aimed at enhancing the presence of women in scientific research and technological development at all levels and ensuring a better integration of the gender dimension in research policy. The Mediterranean countries included in the proposal are the Mediterranean Partner Countries (MPCs), i.e. the Mediterranean countries included in the list of International Co-operation Partner Countries: Algeria, Egypt, Jordan, Lebanon, Morocco, Palestinian-administered areas, Syrian Arab Republic, Tunisia.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-FP | Phase: SPA.2013.1.1-06;SPA.2013.3.1-01 | Award Amount: 2.51M | Year: 2013
The objective of SAFI project is to exploit Earth Observation resources to support fishery and aquaculture industries in marine coastal regions. The service, based on additive value brought by a network of SMEs, is adapted to each category of targeted users, and aims to realize the following points by making the best use of emerging EO products: 1-Develop a service to assist aquaculture deployment (optimization of cages location w.r.t. to environmental and ecological context) and environmental monitoring during operations 2- Develop a service to support fishery by providing indicators of recruitments, abundances, and shell/fish locations (and its variability due to climate change) 3-Set up a network of SMEs at different levels of expertise (and EO awareness) required by the service and to build a consistent and marketable offer. 4-Evaluate the capacity of exportation and acceptance of this service 5-Foster the use of sentinel 2 and sentinel 3 data The project will finally lead to the development, deployment and evaluation of an integrated web-GIS, broadcasting SAFI indicators to the various user concerned (industrials, public administrations in charge of fishery/aquaculture planning, EO service providers, great public) that will be feed by a service of EO high level data processing. SAFI stands for Service to Aquaculture and Fishery Industry.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: OCEAN 2013.1 | Award Amount: 5.56M | Year: 2013
SMS will deliver a novel automated networked system that will enable real-time in situ monitoring of marine water chemical and ecological status in coastal areas by the detection of a series of contaminants regulated by the MSFD. SMS will design a multi-modular apparatus that will host in a single unitthe Main Box (MB)a Sampling Module and an Analysis Module. The former will contain sample collection and treatment components, whereas the latter will include four biosensor sub-modules that will enable detection and measurement of algal toxins and their associated algal species; several hazardous compounds (tributyltin, diuron and pentaBDPE); sulphonamides and a series of standard water quality parameters. The MB will be equipped with a communication module for real-time data transfer to a control center, where data processing will take place, enabling alarm functionality to Health Warning Systems, whenever some critical value exceeds a pre-defined threshold. It will be placed on a floating platform or buoy positioned in loco at defined locations. SMS will also develop a Specific Marine Pollution Metric that will combine real-time data of pollutant concentrations and water quality parameters, to produce a quantitative assessment of marine water quality. All work will culminate in showcasing the projects results in three demonstration sites: in La Spezia, Italy, in the Slovenian Adriatic Sea and in the Alonissos marine park in Greece. The consortium brings together skills from industry and academia to address the proposed work program. The record track of the partners is a strong indication that the project will achieve its ambitious objectives and make a lasting impact through its exploitation plan. The technology development and test cases bring together a multi-sectorial team of experts interacting with endusers and marine water stakeholders, demonstrating that ICT, biotechnology and nanotechnology can increase the potential of biosensors for marine applications
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-FP | Phase: KBBE.2010.3.5-03 | Award Amount: 3.91M | Year: 2011
The project ULIXES aims to unravel, categorize, catalogue, exploit and manage the microbial diversity available in the Mediterranean Sea for addressing bioremediation of polluted marine sites. The idea behind ULIXES is that the multitude of diverse environmental niches of the Mediterranean Sea contains a huge range of microorganisms and their components (e.g. catabolic enzymes) or products (e.g. biosurfactant) that can be exploited in pollutant- and site-tailored bioremediation approaches. ULIXES intends to provide the proof of concept that it is possible to establish and exploit for bioremediation site-specific collections of microbial strains, mixed microbial cultures, enzymes, biosurfactants and other microbial products. These biotechnological resources will be mined by using approaches based on isolation of culturable microorganisms as well as by extensively applying advanced novel meta-omics technologies recently developed by the project partners and exclusively available for ULIXES. Three pollutant classes recognized worldwide as environmental priorities will be considered: petroleum hydrocarbons, chlorinated compounds and heavy metals. A large set of polluted environmental matrices from sites located all over the Mediterranean Sea will be explored, including seashore sands, lagoon sediments, deep sea sediments polluted by heavy oil hydrocarbons at oil tanker shipwreck sites, hypersaline waters and sediments from polluted salty coastal lakes and natural deep hypersaline anoxic submarine basins and mud volcanoes where hydrocarbon seepages occur. The mined collections of microbial biotechnological products will be exploited for development of novel improved bioremediation processes whose effectiveness will be proved by ex situ and in situ field bioremediation trials. A careful dissemination action will be pursued to assure capillary information of the ULIXES results and products to stakeholders and SMEs operating in the sector of marine bioremediation.
Damil N.,Hassan II University |
Potier-Ferry M.,French National Center for Scientific Research
Journal of the Mechanics and Physics of Solids | Year: 2010
In this paper, a new technique using slowly variable Fourier coefficients and the asymptotic Landau-Ginzburg approach are re-discussed and compared. The aim is to define simple macroscopic models describing the influence of local wrinkling on membrane behaviour. This question is analyzed by considering the simple example of a beam resting on a non-linear Winkler foundation. © 2010 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Ouzir M.,Hassan II University
Aggression and Violent Behavior | Year: 2013
Impulsivity has been repeatedly identified as a major problem in schizophrenia. The literature revealed several ways of defining and conceptualizing impulsivity as well as a variety of measures and an analysis of the consequences of impulsivity. Thus, we review the lack of agreement in the conceptualization and measurement of impulsivity. We also review the latest evidence that impulsivity may have an important role in the etiology of substance use, aggression, violence, and suicide in schizophrenia. In addition, we outline the recent findings in neuroimaging research to elucidating the neurobiological deficits underlying pathological impulsivity in schizophrenia. © 2012 Elsevier Ltd.
Benjelloun E.B.,Hassan II University
Updates in surgery | Year: 2013
Conventional treatment of anal abscess by a simple drainage continues to be routine in many centers despite retrospective and randomized data showing that primary fistulotomy at the time of abscess drainage is safe and efficient. The purpose of this study is to report the long-term results of fistulotomy in the treatment of anal abscesses. This is a prospective nonrandomized study of 165 consecutive patients treated for anal abscess in University Hospital Hassan II, Fez, Morocco, between January 2005 and December 2010. Altogether 102 patients were eligible to be included in the study. Among them, 52 were treated by a simple drainage and 50 by drainage with fistulotomy. The results were analyzed in terms of recurrence and incontinence after a median follow-up of 3.2 years (range 2-6 years). The groups were comparable in terms of age, gender distribution, type and size of abscess. The recurrence rate after surgery was significantly higher in the group treated by drainage alone (88 %) compared to other group treated by drainage and fistulotomy (4, 8 %) (p < 0.0001). However, there was a tendency to a higher risk of fecal incontinence in the fistulotomy group (5 % vs 1 %), although this difference was not significant (p = 0.27). In the group treated by drainage and fistulotomy, high fistula tract patients are more prone to develop incontinence and recurrence, mainly within the first year. A long-term follow-up seems not to influence the results of fistulotomy group. These findings confirm that fistulotomy is an efficient and safe treatment of anal abscess with good long-term results. An exception is a high fistula, where fistulotomy may be associated with a risk of recurrence and incontinence.
Hattaf K.,Hassan II University |
Yousfi N.,Hassan II University
Computers and Mathematics with Applications | Year: 2013
The aim of this work is to study the global stability for some diffusion equations in biology by constructing Lyapunov functionals. These Lyapunov functionals are obtained from those for ordinary differential equations. Several examples from virology and epidemiology are given to illustrate our method. © 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CSA-SA | Phase: INCO.2013-9.1 | Award Amount: 834.23K | Year: 2013
The Mediterranean region will become one of the most vulnerable areas in Europe to global change. While in European Mediterranean countries the combination of climate change and land abandonment is promoting new unmanaged forest cover, increasing fire and pest risks, in the south of the basin forest intensification results in desertification as the principal threat. Forest management strategies must be directed to promoting mitigation of the effects of global change, and to guaranteeing the sustainable use of ecosystem goods and services in order to achieve a resource efficient, low-carbon economy. In fact, the defense of regional natural resources should be part of the aims in the agenda to escape from financial dependency to sustainable development. We posit that spatial analysis tools from the north could help stopping deforestation while obtaining economical benefits of landscape management in the south, and traditional knowledge from the south may help decreasing land abandonment in the north by developing eco-innovative business. In such context, the knowledge of the main technologies and techniques available and the interconnection between forestry research and business in both sides of the Mediterranean are two of the best ways to increase efficiency under the available budget. The Mediterranean Network of Forestry Research and Innovation (MENFRI) would like to become a dialogue and action platform in forestry, encouraging scientific and technological collaboration within the Mediterranean. The main goal of the project is therefore to create a favourable environment for the development of an innovative and job creating business sector in this region while facing climate change. The project will help bridging the gap between research and innovation by improving performance in managing, transferring and using the knowledge resulting from ecological research and forest management and by better aligning both research and economic objectives to societal needs.
Hattaf K.,Hassan II University |
Yousfi N.,Hassan II University |
Tridane A.,Arizona State University
Nonlinear Analysis: Real World Applications | Year: 2012
The rate of infection in many virus dynamics models is assumed to be bilinear in the virus and uninfected target cells. In this paper, the dynamical behavior of a virus dynamics model with general incidence rate and cure rate is studied. Global dynamics of the model is established. We prove that the virus is cleared and the disease dies out if the basic reproduction number R 0≤1 while the virus persists in the host and the infection becomes endemic if R 0>1. © 2011 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.