Zarqa, Jordan

Hashemite University
Zarqa, Jordan

The Hashemite University , often abbreviated HU, is a state-supported university located in Zarqa, Jordan.The Hashemite University has a comprehensive campus with a total built-up area of 300,000 square metres , designed in four phases. The fourth design phase was completed in 2005, exceeding 50,000 sqm.The university includes Faculties of Arts, Science, Educational Science, Supporting Medical science Nursing College, Engineering, Literature and many other buildings and related services. It is located on the outskirts of Zarqa on two main highways with a site area of about 1,100,000 square metres , rendering it as one of the largest universities in Jordan.It is uniquely designed with a composition of the various campus buildings dispersed in the landscape while incorporating the latest technological and educational trends. The urban planning considered the environmental, transportation and socio-economic services in addition to the humanitarian aspects and interactions in order to create a homogeneous urban textile. Shaded walkways, pergolas and wind barriers were also designed for protection from high temperature, wind, sun and pollution. It is named after the Jordanian royal family—the Hashemites—and was established in the outskirts of Zarqa by a royal decree in 1995. It started out with four different colleges and expanded to fourteen through the years. Its vision is to achieve an academic pioneering position and excellence in university teaching, scientific research, at both the national and regional levels, to serve society through its educational functions, and to participate in the advancement of knowledge. Wikipedia.

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Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: ENERGY.2009.3.2.2 | Award Amount: 4.08M | Year: 2010

The Biowalk4Biofuels Project aims to develop an alternative and innovative system for biowaste energy recovery and use of GHG emissions to produce biofuels, using macroalgae as a catalyser, in a multidisciplinary approach. The objectives of the project are: production of a cost-efficient biogas without using cereal crops; optimise the production of biogas per amount of biowaste and CO2 used, with low land use for plant facilities; and increase and optimize the types of biowastes that can be utilised for biogas production. To achieve the underlined objectives, research activities are to be carried out on the selection of adequate macroalgae species that can reach high output biomass yields and high carbohydrate content. Pre-cultivation of protoplasts will allow to obtain easily available biomass for feeding the cultivation open floating ponds within shorter periods, thanks to the rapid proliferation of germplasm, diminishing the life-cycle of macroalgae. In addition, the relationship between growth and energy potential of selected species with the amounts/characteristic of GHG emissions and biowaste introduced in the cultivation medium is to be studied. . After fermenting the algal biomass and other biowastes, the cycle is closed by producing biogas to be used for electricity and heat generation and as a transport fuel. A high quality biogas is expected, hence a purification step will proceed the final product. Furthermore, organic residues output from the methanation biodigestor are to be used as fertilizer after solid/liquid separation. The liquid fraction of the digestate will be treated in a biological oxidation system .A portion of the unseparated outlet effluent from the oxidation system (solids \ liquid) will be fed to the macroalgae cultivation (instead of the enrichment with chemical N-P-K fertilizers). Meanwhile, the other portion will be reused as feeding for the AD plant section. This process solution will permit to feed with several critical biowastes the biodigester, transforming them into a resource. The expected impact is to produce a cost-efficient, low energy-intensive, purified biogas, to reduce negative environmental impacts from industry (GHG emissions) and biowaste. The multidisciplinary approach solution to reduce GHG emission and process biowaste, while producing energy, seeking for the future replications in other locations.

Ryan U.,Murdoch University | Hijjawi N.,Hashemite University
International Journal for Parasitology | Year: 2015

Cryptosporidium is an enteric parasite that is considered the second greatest cause of diarrhoea and death in children after rotavirus. Currently, 27 species are recognised as valid and of these, Cryptosporidium hominis and Cryptosporidium parvum are responsible for the majority of infections in humans. Molecular and biological studies indicate that Cryptosporidium is more closely related to gregarine parasites rather than to coccidians. The identification of gregarine-like gamont stages and the ability of Cryptosporidium to complete its life cycle in the absence of host cells further confirm its relationship with gregarines. This opens new avenues into the investigation of pathogenesis, epidemiology, treatment and control of Cryptosporidium. Effective drug treatments and vaccines are not yet available due, in part, to the technical challenges of working on Cryptosporidium in the laboratory. Whole genome sequencing and metabolomics have expanded our understanding of the biochemical requirements of this organism and have identified new drug targets. To effectively combat this important pathogen, increased funding is essential. © 2015 Australian Society for Parasitology Inc.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: MC-ITN | Phase: FP7-PEOPLE-2010-ITN | Award Amount: 4.61M | Year: 2010

This project encourages the collaboration between the private and academic sectors for the training of young researchers in the integration of traditional archaeological approaches and newly developed scientific techniques to the study of ancient materials. This well- structured research network aims to improve the career prospects of employment for young researchers, developing their lab-based skills in the study of ancient materials, while contributing to the history and archaeology of the Eastern Mediterranean basin, a region of great historical, cultural and geo-political significance. In particular, through a comprehensive mobility scheme, young researchers will have the opportunity to continue their research careers at high profile universities and well-established private enterprises while working in research projects focused on the study of ancient material culture. Researchers will be appointed to integrate theory and archaeological sciences for the study of different material categories, including ceramics, metals, glass and mosaics from primarily Cyprus, Greece and Jordan. The proposed program engages experienced academic and research staff, young entrepreneurs, and young researchers for a broad collaboration network, which will facilitate the exploration of analytical equipment and research data, while concurrently directing and promoting research activities in Eastern Mediterranean countries.

Al-Ghandoor A.,Hashemite University
Energy and Buildings | Year: 2013

In this paper, the energy and exergy utilizations in Jordan are analyzed by considering the energy and exergy flows for the year 2010 in the transportation, residential, and industrial sectors which represent more than 82% of total energy demand in Jordan. Detailed end-use models for the different sectors are established. For the transportation sector, the end-use model is constructed using scattered data from different governmental agencies. Due to lack of information for residential and industrial sectors, surveys covering 200 households and 180 industrial facilities were conducted and energy consumption data was gathered to establish detailed end-use models for the Jordanian residential and industrial sectors. Exergy analysis of Jordan indicates a less efficient picture than that obtained by the energy analysis. Energy and exergy efficiencies of Jordan were found to be equal to 48.2 and 23.2% respectively. It was found that the industrial sector is the most efficient energy and exergy sector. The study emphasizes the usefulness of the current methodology for analyzing sectoral energy and exergy utilization. This study will also provide an insight to energy analysts and policy makers in Jordan when considering the process of implementing energy policy measures such as energy efficiency standards in Jordan. © 2013 Elsevier B.V.

Al-Ghandoor A.,Hashemite University
Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews | Year: 2013

This paper illustrates a new approach to forecast the potential energy savings and environmental impact of adopting energy efficient practices in the Jordanian transportation sector. This approach is based on Adaptive Neuro-Fuzzy Inference System (ANFIS) and the double exponential smoothing techniques. The ANFIS model has been developed using socio-economic and transport related indicators based on annual number of vehicles, vehicle owner level, income level, and fuel prices in Jordan. The double exponential smoothing technique has been used to forecast the different transport indicators to feed the developed ANFIS model in order to forecast the transport energy demand for the next two decades. The model has been validated using testing data and has showed very accurate results of 97%. The results show that the transport energy demand is expected to increase at % 4.9 yr-1 from years 2011-2030. As an example of the energy efficiency improvement in the transportation sector, this paper examines potential benefits that can be achieved through the introduction of diesel cars to the passenger cars market in Jordan. Five scenarios are suggested for implementation and investigated using the new approach on the basis of local and global trends over the period 2011-2030. It is demonstrated that introducing diesel passenger cars can slow down the growth of energy consumption in the transportation sector resulting in significant savings in the national fuel bill. It is also shown that this is an effective and feasible option for cutting down CO2 emissions. © 2012 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Shatanawi W.,Hashemite University
Mathematical and Computer Modelling | Year: 2011

The purpose of this paper is to present some fixed point and coupled fixed point theorems for a nonlinear weakly C-contraction type mapping in metric and ordered metric spaces. Also, an example is given to support our results. Our results generalize several well-known results from the current literature. © 2011 Elsevier Ltd.

Shatanawi W.,Hashemite University
Mathematical and Computer Modelling | Year: 2012

We establish coincidence point theorems for two mappings satisfying some contractive conditions in an ordered cone complete metric space, where the cone is not necessarily normal. Also, two examples are given to illustrate the usability of our results. © 2011 Elsevier Ltd.

Shatanawi W.,Hashemite University
Computers and Mathematics with Applications | Year: 2010

Bhaskar and Lakshmikantham [T.G. Bhaskar, V. Lakshmikantham, Fixed point theorems in partially ordered metric spaces and applications, Nonlinear Anal. 65 (2006) 13791393] studied the coupled coincidence point of a mapping F from X×X into X and a mapping g from X into X. E. Karapinar [E. Karapinar, Couple fixed point theorems for nonlinear contractions in cone metric spaces, Comput. Math. Appl. (2010), doi:10.1016/j.camwa.2010.03.062] proved some results of the coupled coincidence point of a mapping F from X×X into X and a mapping g from X into X over normal cones without regularity. In the present paper, we prove that coupled coincidence fixed point theorems over cone metric spaces are not necessarily normal. Our results generalize several well known comparable results in the literature. © 2010 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Widyan M.S.,Hashemite University
International Journal of Electrical Power and Energy Systems | Year: 2013

This paper presents the effect of Static Synchronous Series Compensation (SSSC) on the bifurcations of heavily loaded Single Machine Infinite Bus (SMIB) power system experiencing Subsynchronous Resonance (SSR). In SSR phenomenon, the series compensation increases the power transfer capability of the transmission line. However, Hopf bifurcation is depicted at certain compensation levels. The system then routes to chaos via torus breakdown scenario in case of conventional compensation (variable series capacitor) scheme. In this study, the effect of replacing the conventional compensation with SSSC is highlighted. Varying the SSSC controller reference voltage changes the compensation degree. The results show that the operating point of the system never loses stability at any realistic compensation degree in case of SSSC which means that all bifurcations of the system have been eliminated. Time domain simulations coincide with the results of the bifurcation analysis. The robustness of the SSSC compensation scheme and its controller is verified by subjecting a single-phase to ground fault at the end of the transmission line. The results are compared with the case of conventional compensation. Additionally, the effect of the SSSC controller gain on the location of the Hopf bifurcation is addressed. © 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Waste materials, such as demolished concrete rubbles and steel slag, are dumped in landfills. Such action destroys the environment. Recycling these materials and using them as coarse aggregate in new concrete mixes would eliminate the problem. The paper summarizes a two-stage research conducted to evaluate the use of the two environmentally harmful materials in concrete. Stage 1 studies the effect of using recycled concrete aggregate (RCA) or steel slag aggregate (SSA) on the properties of normal concrete. First, RCA and SSA properties have been determined and compared with those of normal aggregates. Later, RCA and SSA were introduced in concrete mixes. In these mixes, natural coarse aggregate is partly or totally replaced by RCA or SSA. Results show that the use of RCA or SSA has an adverse effect on the workability and air content of fresh concrete. While RCA resulted in reduction in the mechanical properties of concrete, SSA enhanced these properties. In order to enhance the properties of RAC so that it can be used safely in structural concrete, the RCA has been partially replaced by SSA in stage 2 of the research. Results show that this is possible. © 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

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