Hasan Sadikin Hospital

Bandung, Indonesia

Hasan Sadikin Hospital

Bandung, Indonesia
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Hendarsih E.,Hasan Sadikin Hospital
Acta medica Indonesiana | Year: 2016

We present 2 patients who developed spontaneous pneumothorax (SP) following rapid regression of lymphoma and rhabdomyosarcoma with lung metastases. Case 1, a 43-year old man was admitted to our hospital with dyspnea 10 days before admission. He denied any recent trauma or previous treatment for lung tuberculosis. Three weeks prior to admission, he received first cycle of CHOP for non-Hodgkin's lymphoma stage II BE. Chest X-ray consistent with right pneumothorax. After treatment with chest tube drainage for about 1 month, the patient recovered and chemotherapy could be continued without further complications. Case 2, a 35- year old man was admitted to other hospital with dyspnea and chest pain on day 4 after second cycle of systemic combined chemotherapy for rhabdomyosarcoma stage IV (lung metastases) with doxorubicin, ifosfamide, mesna, and dacarbazine. Chest X-ray showed hydropneumothorax on right and left lung. After treatment with chest tube drainage about 2 weeks, the patient recovered and chemotherapy could be continued without further complications. The mechanism of pneumothorax following chemotherapy is not clearly understood yet, however, several hypotheses have been considered: 1) the rupture of a subpleural bulla after chemotherapy; 2) the rupture of an emphysematous bulla in an over expanded portion of the lung which is partially obstructed by a neoplasm; 3) tumor lyses or necrosis due to cytotoxic chemotherapy directly induces the formation of fistula. Dyspnea and chest pain suddenly appear during successful chemotherapy for metastatic chemosensitive tumors should alert the physician to the possibility of SP. The treatment is directed toward lung re-expansion. Chemotherapy induced pneumothorax should be considered as oncologic emergency.

Iskandarsyah A.,Erasmus Medical Center | Iskandarsyah A.,VU University Amsterdam | Iskandarsyah A.,Padjadjaran University | de Klerk C.,Erasmus Medical Center | And 5 more authors.
Health Psychology | Year: 2014

Objective: The aim of this study was to explore reasons for delay in seeking medical help and nonadherence to treatment in Indonesian women with breast cancer. Method: Semistructured interviews were conducted by purposive sampling, using a consecutive sample of 50 breast cancer patients who were treated at the Outpatient Surgical Oncology Clinic of Hasan Sadikin Hospital in Bandung, Indonesia. Interviews were recorded, transcribed verbatim, and coded using qualitative software. Codes were merged into main themes that were subsequently mapped onto the study's aim. Results: Eight main themes concerning reasons for delay in seeking medical help and treatment nonadherence emerged, namely: lack of awareness and knowledge, cancer beliefs, treatment beliefs, financial problems, emotional burden, severe side effects, paternalistic style of communication, and unmet information needs. Conclusion: This study has identified several modifiable psychosocial and cultural factors related to delay in seeking help and nonadherence to treatment in breast cancer patients. We suggest that the provision of extensive information through media campaigns, treatment decision aids, and caregiver and patient education are needed to change the illness behaviors of Indonesian breast cancer patients. © 2013 American Psychological Association.

Iskandarsyah A.,Erasmus Medical Center | Iskandarsyah A.,VU University Amsterdam | Iskandarsyah A.,Padjadjaran University | De Klerk C.,Erasmus Medical Center | And 4 more authors.
Psycho-Oncology | Year: 2014

Objective: The aim of the present study was to test the association between psychosocial factors and delay in uptake of treatment and treatment non-adherence in Indonesian women with breast cancer. Methods: Seventy consecutive patients with breast cancer who were treated at the Hasan Sadikin Hospital in Indonesia were recruited. They completed a demographic form, the non-adherence questionnaire, the Breast Cancer Knowledge Test, the Brief Illness Perception Questionnaire, the Multidimensional Health Locus of Control Scales, the Satisfaction with Cancer Information Profile and the Distress Thermometer. Results: Seventeen (24%) out of 70 patients reported that they had delayed initiating treatment at the hospital, and nine (13%) out of 70 patients had missed two or more consecutive treatment sessions. In the bivariate analyses, we found no significant differences on any of the psychological variables between patients who delayed initiating treatment and those patients who did not, whereas patients who had missed two or more consecutive sessions had lower satisfaction with the type and timing of information provided and more negative illness perceptions than patients who had not missed their sessions. In multivariate regression analyses, consulting a traditional healer before diagnosis was associated with treatment delay (β = 1.27, p = 0.04). More negative illness perceptions (β = 0.10, p = 0.02) and whether a traditional healer had been consulted after diagnosis (β = 1.67, p = 0.03) were associated with missing treatment sessions. Conclusions: Indonesian health professionals need to be aware of patients' negative illness perceptions and their unrealistic belief in traditional healers. Copyright © 2014 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

Panigoro R.,Hasan Sadikin Hospital | Susanto H.,Hasan Sadikin Hospital | Novel S.S.,Padjadjaran University | Hartini S.,Dharmais National Cancer Hospital | And 2 more authors.
Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention | Year: 2013

Background:Persistent infection with high risk human papillomavirus (hrHPV) is strongly associated with cervical cancer. Normal cervical cells may also harbor hrHPV, and detection of early hrHPV infection may minimize risk of cervical cancer development. This study aimed to compare two commercial HPV genotyping assays that may affordable for early screening in a limited-resource setting in Bandung, Indonesia. Materials and Methods:DNA from cervical biopsies with histologically confirmed as squmous cell cervical cacinoma were HPV genotyped by Linear Assay 1 (Roche Diagnostics, Mannheim, Germany) or Linear Assay 2 (Digene HPV Genotyping RH Test, Qiagen Gaithersburg, MD). In a subset of samples of each group, HPV genotype results were then compared. Results: Of 28 samples genotyped by linear assay 1, 22 (78.6%) demonstrated multiple infections with HPV-16 and other hrHPV types 18, 45 and/or 52. In another set of 38 samples genotyped by linear assay 2, 28 (68.4%) were mostly single infections by hrHPV type 16 or 18. Interestingly, 4 samples that had been tested by both kits showed discordant results. Conclusions: In a limited-resource area such as in Indonesia, country with a high prevalence of HPV infection a reliable cervical screening test in general population for early hrHPV detection is needed. Geographical variation in HPV genotyping result might have impacts for HPV prevalence and molecular epidemiology as the distribution in HPV genotypes should give clear information to assess the impact of HPV prophylactic vaccines.

Iskandarsyah A.,Erasmus Medical Center | Iskandarsyah A.,VU University Amsterdam | Iskandarsyah A.,Padjadjaran University | De Klerk C.,Erasmus Medical Center | And 5 more authors.
Supportive Care in Cancer | Year: 2013

Purpose: The aims of this study were to assess the level of satisfaction with the information on illness and treatment among breast cancer patients, to explore its association with patients' illness perceptions and quality of life, and to provide recommendations for improvement of the information provided. Methods: Seventy breast cancer patients at the Outpatient Surgical Oncology Clinic in Hasan Sadikin Hospital in Indonesia were recruited consecutively in a cross-sectional study design. They completed a demographic form, the Satisfaction with Cancer Information Profile, the Brief Illness Perception Questionnaire, and the World Health Organization Quality of Life. Results: A considerable number of breast cancer patients (41-86 %) were dissatisfied with the amount and content of the information they received, particularly on the information about access to patient support groups and the impact of their treatment on long-term quality of life. The majority of patients were dissatisfied with the amount of written information provided. Patients who were satisfied with the type and timing of information received had stronger beliefs in personal control (β = -0.30, p < 0.05), lesser concerns about their health condition (β = -0.47, p < 0.01), and better understanding of their illness (β = -0.27, p < 0.05), and were less emotionally affected by their illness (β = -0.27, p < 0.05). In addition, the satisfied patients had a more positive perception of their general health (β = 0.31, p < 0.05) and better psychological health condition (β = 0.33, p < 0.05). Conclusions: Satisfaction with the information provided is associated with better health outcomes, including more positive illness perceptions. This study appears to highlight the importance of providing adequate and sufficient information that meets the needs of patients. © 2013 Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg.

Rutherford M.E.,University of Otago | Nataprawira M.,Hasan Sadikin Hospital | Yulita I.,Bandung Community Lung Clinic | Apriani L.,Padjadjaran University | And 4 more authors.
International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease | Year: 2012

SETTING AND OBJECTIVES: The tuberculin skin test (TST) has limitations in diagnosing latent tuberculosis (TB) infection (LTBI). Interferon-gamma release assays may improve diagnostic accuracy. We compared QuantiFERON®-TB Gold In-Tube (QFT-GIT) and TST in Indonesian children. DESIGN: Children aged from 6 months to 9 years exposed to a TB case at household and neighbourhood levels were recruited. The children underwent QFT-GIT and TST. Test responsiveness was assessed according to an exposure gradient. RESULTS: A total of 299 household-exposed and 72 neighbourhood-exposed children were analysed. Overall, respectively 46% and 41% were positive using QFT-GIT and the TST. Test positivity increased with exposure (QFT-GIT P value for trend <0.001, and TST P < 0.001); however, only QFT-GIT responded significantly to a 'within-household' gradient. The TST was less likely to be positive than the QFT-GIT in neighbourhood-exposed children (P = 0.05). BCG-vaccinated children were less likely to be QFT-GIT-positive, while older children were more likely to be QFT-GIT-positive. Both tests had increasing positivity with increasing smear grade. CONCLUSION: QFT-GIT performed similarly to the TST in Indonesian children living with an infectious TB case. Test accuracy was not compromised by young age or BCG vaccination. Our findings suggest that QFT-GIT offers little advantage over the TST in this population. High rates of LTBI diagnosed in household-exposed children by both tests support preventive therapy. © 2012 The Union.

Ganiem A.R.,Hasan Sadikin Hospital | Dian S.,Hasan Sadikin Hospital | Indriati A.,Hasan Sadikin Hospital | Chaidir L.,Padjadjaran University | And 6 more authors.
PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases | Year: 2013

Background: HIV-associated subacute meningitis is mostly caused by tuberculosis or cryptococcosis, but often no etiology can be established. In the absence of CT or MRI of the brain, toxoplasmosis is generally not considered as part of the differential diagnosis. Methodology/Principal Findings: We performed cerebrospinal fluid real time PCR and serological testing for Toxoplasma gondii in archived samples from a well-characterized cohort of 64 HIV-infected patients presenting with subacute meningitis in a referral hospital in Indonesia. Neuroradiology was only available for 6 patients. At time of presentation, patients mostly had newly diagnosed and advanced HIV infection (median CD4 count 22 cells/mL), with only 17.2% taking ART, and 9.4% PJP-prophylaxis. CSF PCR for T. Gondii was positive in 21 patients (32.8%). Circulating toxoplasma IgG was present in 77.2% of patients tested, including all in whom the PCR of CSF was positive for T. Gondii. Clinically, in the absence of neuroradiology, toxoplasmosis was difficult to distinguish from tuberculosis or cryptococcal meningitis, although CSF abnormalities were less pronounced. Mortality among patients with a positive CSF T. Gondii PCR was 81%, 2.16-fold higher (95% CI 1.04-4.47) compared to those with a negative PCR. Conclusions/Significance: Toxoplasmosis should be considered in HIV-infected patients with clinically suspected subacute meningitis in settings where neuroradiology is not available. © 2013 Ganiem et al.

Iskandarsyah A.,Erasmus Medical Center | Iskandarsyah A.,VU University Amsterdam | Iskandarsyah A.,Padjadjaran University | de Klerk C.,Erasmus Medical Center | And 5 more authors.
PLoS ONE | Year: 2013

Purpose: This study aims to translate the Distress Thermometer (DT) into Indonesian, test its validity in Indonesian women with breast cancer and determine norm scores of the Indonesian DT for clinically relevant distress. Methods: First, the original version of the DT was translated using a forward and backward translation procedure according to the guidelines. Next, a group of 120 breast cancer patients who were treated at the Outpatient Surgical Oncology Clinic in Hasan Sadikin Hospital in Indonesia completed a standard socio-demographic form, the DT and the Problem List, the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS) and the WHO Quality of Life (WHOQOL-BREF). Results: Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analyses identified an area under the curve = 0.81 when compared to the HADS cutoff score of 15. A cutoff score of 5 on the DT had the best sensitivity (0.81) and specificity (0.64). Patients who scored above this cutoff reported more problems in the practical, family, emotional, spiritual/religious and physical domains (30 out of 36 problems, p-value<0.05) than patients below the cutoff score. Patients at advanced stages of cancer experienced more emotional and physical problems. Patient's distress level was negatively correlated with overall quality of life, general health and all quality of life domains. Conclusions: The DT was found to be a valid tool for screening distress in Indonesian breast cancer patients. We recommend using a cutoff score of 5 in this population. © 2013 Iskandarsyah et al.

PubMed | Padjadjaran University, National Health Research Institute, Us Naval Medical Research Unit No, Hasan Sadikin Hospital and Radboud University Nijmegen
Type: Journal Article | Journal: PLoS neglected tropical diseases | Year: 2016

Dengue has emerged as one of the most important infectious diseases in the last five decades. Evidence indicates the expansion of dengue virus endemic areas and consequently the exponential increase of dengue virus infections across the subtropics. The clinical manifestations of dengue virus infection include sudden fever, rash, headache, myalgia and in more serious cases, spontaneous bleeding. These manifestations occur in children as well as in adults. Defining the epidemiology of dengue in a given area is critical to understanding the disease and devising effective public health strategies.Here, we report the results from a prospective cohort study of 4380 adults in West Java, Indonesia, from 2000-2004 and 2006-2009. A total of 2167 febrile episodes were documented and dengue virus infections were confirmed by RT-PCR or serology in 268 cases (12.4%). The proportion ranged from 7.6 to 41.8% each year. The overall incidence rate of symptomatic dengue virus infections was 17.3 cases/1,000 person years and between September 2006 and April 2008 asymptomatic infections were 2.6 times more frequent than symptomatic infections. According to the 1997 WHO classification guidelines, there were 210 dengue fever cases, 53 dengue hemorrhagic fever cases (including one dengue shock syndrome case) and five unclassified cases. Evidence for sequential dengue virus infections was seen in six subjects. All four dengue virus serotypes circulated most years. Inapparent dengue virus infections were predominantly associated with DENV-4 infections.Dengue virus was responsible for a significant percentage of febrile illnesses in an adult population in West Java, Indonesia, and this percentage varied from year to year. The observed incidence rate during the study period was 43 times higher than the reported national or provincial rates during the same time period. A wide range of clinical severity was observed with most infections resulting in asymptomatic disease. The circulation of all four serotypes of dengue virus was observed in most years of the study.

Ganiem A.R.,Hasan Sadikin Hospital | Indrati A.R.,Hasan Sadikin Hospital | Wisaksana R.,Hasan Sadikin Hospital | Meijerink H.,Radboud University Nijmegen | And 3 more authors.
Journal of the International AIDS Society | Year: 2014

Introduction: Previous studies, mostly from Africa, have shown that serum cryptococcal antigenemia may precede the development of cryptococcal meningitis and early death among patients with advanced HIV infection. We examined cryptococcal antigenemia as a risk factor for HIV-associated mortality in Indonesia, which is experiencing a rapidly growing HIV epidemic. Methods: We included ART-naïve HIV patients with a CD4 cell count below 100 cells/μL and no signs of meningitis in an outpatient HIV clinic in Bandung, West Java, Indonesia. Baseline clinical data and follow-up were retrieved from a prospective database, and cryptococcal antigen was measured in stored serum samples using a semiquantitative lateral flow assay. Cox regression analysis was used to identify factors related to mortality. Results: Among 810 patients (median CD4 cell count 22), 58 (7.1%) had a positive cryptococcal antigen test with a median titre of 1:80 (range: 1:1 to 1:2560). Cryptococcal antigenemia at baseline was strongly associated with the development of cryptococcal meningitis and early death and loss to follow-up. After one year, both death (22.4% vs. 11.6%; p=0.016; adjusted HR 2.19; 95% CI 1.78-4.06) and the combined endpoint of death or loss to follow-up (67.2% vs. 40.4%; p <0.001; adjusted HR 1.57; 95% CI 1.12-2.20) were significantly higher among patients with a positive cryptococcal antigen test. Conclusions: Cryptococcal antigenemia is common and clinically relevant among patients with advanced HIV in this setting. Routine screening for cryptococcal antigen followed by lumbar puncture and pre-emptive antifungal treatment for those who are positive may help in reducing early mortality. © 2014 Ganiem AR et al; licensee International AIDS Society.

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