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Rui-Hua Z.,Hebei North University | Hong-Yu C.,Hebei North University | Ming-Ju X.,Hebei North University | Kai L.,Hebei North University | And 5 more authors.
Acta Virologica | Year: 2011

The H9N2 subtype influenza virus (IV) is a remarkable member of the influenza A viruses because it can infect not only chickens, ducks and pigs, but also humans. Pigs are susceptible to both human and avian influenza viruses and have been proposed to be intermediate hosts for the generation of pandemic influenza viruses through reassortment or adaptation to the mammalian host. To further understand the genetic characteristics and evolution, we investigated the source and molecular characteristics of the H9N2 subtype swine influenza virus (SIV), and observed its pathogenicity in BALB/c mice. The BALB/c mice were inoculated intranasally with 100 median mouse infectious dose of A/swine/HeBei/012/2008/(H9N2) viruses to observe the pathogenicity. The HA, NP, NA and M gene were cloned, sequenced and phylogenetically analyzed with related sequences available in GenBank. The infected mice presented with inactivity, weight loss and laboured respiration, while the pathological changes were characterized by diffuse alveolar damage in the lung. The nucleotide and deduced amino acid sequence of HA, NP, NA and M gene was similar with that of A/chicken/Hebei/4/2008(H9N2). The HA protein contained 6 glycosylation sites and the motif of HA cleavage site was PARSSR GLF, which is characteristic of low pathogenic IV. In the HA, NP, M and NA gene phylogenetic trees, the isolate clustered with A/chicken/Hebei/4/2008(H9N2). The isolate possibly came from A/chicken/Hebei/4/2008(H9N2) and was partially varied during its cross-species spread.


Zhou H.,Northwest University, China | Yao G.,Harbin Veterinary Research Institute of CAAS | Cui S.,Harbin Veterinary Research Institute of CAAS
Virology Journal | Year: 2010

The porcine parvovirus (PPV) VP2 protein was expressed in an insect-baculovirus cell system and was purified using Ni-NTA affinity column chromatography. The recombinant 6-His-tagged VP2 protein with molecular mass (Mr) of about 64 kDa was detected by anti-his antibody and anti-PPV serum. Electron microscopy showed that the purified VP2 protein assembled into spherical particles with diameters ranging from 20 to 22 nm. The expressed VP2 was antigenically similar to the native capsid protein according to HA and a Western blotting assay performed with polyclonal antibodies collected from an outbreak of PPV in one farm. This study provides a foundation for the application of VP2 protein in the clinical diagnosis of PPV or in the vaccination against PPV in the future. © 2010 Zhou et al; licensee BioMed Central Ltd.


Zhang Y.,CAS National Center for Nanoscience and Technology | Zhang Y.,Peking University | Zhang L.,CAS National Center for Nanoscience and Technology | Sun J.,CAS National Center for Nanoscience and Technology | And 6 more authors.
Analytical Chemistry | Year: 2014

This report demonstrates a straightforward, robust, multiplexed and point-of-care microcapillary-based loop-mediated isothermal amplification (cLAMP) for assaying nucleic acids. This assay integrates capillaries (glass or plastic) to introduce and house sample/reagents, segments of water droplets to prevent contamination, pocket warmers to provide heat, and a hand-held flashlight for a visual readout of the fluorescent signal. The cLAMP system allows the simultaneous detection of two RNA targets of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) from multiple plasma samples, and achieves a high sensitivity of two copies of standard plasmid. As few nucleic acid detection methods can be wholly independent of external power supply and equipment, our cLAMP holds great promise for point-of-care applications in resource-poor settings. © 2014 American Chemical Society.


Song C.,Ocean University of China | Song C.,China Animal Health and Epidemiology Center | Zhu C.,Harbin Veterinary Research Institute of CAAS | Zhang C.,Harbin Veterinary Research Institute of CAAS | Cui S.,Harbin Veterinary Research Institute of CAAS
Virology Journal | Year: 2010

A TaqMan-based real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR) assay was devised for the detection of porcine parvovirus (PPV). Two primers and a TaqMan probe for the non-structural protein NS1 gene were designed. The detection limit was 1 × 102 DNA copies/L, and the assay was linear in the range of 1 × 102 to 1 × 109 copies/L. There was no cross-reaction with porcine circovirus 2 (PCV2), porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus (PRRSV), pseudorabies virus (PRV), classical swine fever virus (CSFV), or Japanese encephalitis virus (JEV). The assay was specific and reproducible. In 41 clinical samples, PPV was detected in 32 samples with the real-time PCR assay and in only 11 samples with a conventional PCR assay. The real-time assay using the TaqMan-system can therefore be practically used for studying the epidemiology and management of PPV. © 2010 Song et al.


Chen C.,Harbin Veterinary Research Institute of CAAS | Cui S.,Harbin Veterinary Research Institute of CAAS | Zhang C.,Harbin Veterinary Research Institute of CAAS | Li J.,Shandong Academy of Agricultural Sciences | Wang J.,Shandong Academy of Agricultural Sciences
Virus Genes | Year: 2010

To establish a reverse-transcription loop-mediated isothermal amplification (RT-LAMP) method for rapid detection of porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus (PRRSV), four primers specific to six regions of the N gene were designed. After amplification in an isothermal water bath for 1 h, samples containing PRRSV generated the expected ladder-like products while porcine parvovirus, porcine circovirus, classic swine fever virus, pseudorabies virus, and swine testis cells generated no product. The sensitivity and specificity of the RT-LAMP assay were evaluated by comparison with reverse-transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) and real-time PCR. Because it is specific and simple, the RT-LAMP assay will be useful for the diagnosis of PRRSV infection. © 2009 Springer Science+Business Media, LLC.

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