Hara Sanshin Hospital

Fukuoka-shi, Japan

Hara Sanshin Hospital

Fukuoka-shi, Japan
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Mitsuzuka K.,Tohoku University | Koga H.,Hara Sanshin Hospital | Sugimoto M.,Kagawa University | Arai Y.,Tohoku University | And 3 more authors.
International Journal of Urology | Year: 2015

Objective: To understand the current practice pattern of active surveillance using a nationwide survey among Japanese urologists. Methods: A new questionnaire about active surveillance was developed and mailed to 863 training institutes in January 2014. The questionnaire included indications for active surveillance, percentage of active surveillance for localized prostate cancer, problems with active surveillance, which protocol was used, timing of first repeat biopsy, use of prostate-specific antigen or doubling time and use of magnetic resonance imaging. Results: A total of 2133 Japanese urologists in the 632 training institutes answered the questionnaire. The median age was 42years (26-84years). Of the responders, 26.9% had no use of active surveillance for localized prostate cancer. The Prostate Cancer Research International: Active Surveillance criteria were most frequently used (29.7%), followed by a low-risk group without a definitive follow-up protocol (29.4%). Regarding repeat biopsy, 40.6% carried it out at 1year after active surveillance initiation, but 24.1% did not usually carry it out and 31.8% carried it out only when they considered it necessary. Magnetic resonance imaging was used routinely in 22.2% and as required in 67.6%. Re-biopsy or magnetic resonance imaging was less carried out in general hospitals than in universities. The percentage of no usual repeat biopsy was significantly higher in urologists who had more than 10years of experience. Repeat biopsies (60.3%), inadequate inclusion criteria (49.9%), psychological burden for patients (43.7%), unexpected progression (41.1%) and unknown long-term outcomes (40.6%) were considered the major problems of active surveillance in the responders. Conclusions: The practice pattern of active surveillance varies widely among Japanese urologists. It is necessary to gain a correct understanding of active surveillance. © 2015 The Japanese Urological Association.

Komori M.,Clinical Research Institute | Yasaka M.,Clinical Research Institute | Kokuba K.,Clinical Research Institute | Matsuoka H.,National Hospital Organization Kagoshima Medical Center | And 8 more authors.
Circulation Journal | Year: 2014

Background: The incidence of intracranial bleeding during dabigatran treatment is lower than that during warfarin treatment. The characteristics of intracranial hemorrhage during dabigatran therapy, however, remain unclear. Methods and Results: The clinical data and treatment summaries of 9 intracranial bleeds that developed during dabigatran treatment in 8 patients with non-valvular atrial fibrillation were retrospectively reviewed. Five patients had small-moderate subdural hematomas, 2 had intracerebral hemorrhage and 1 had traumatic subarachnoid and parenchymal hemorrhage associated with cerebral contusion. Activated partial thromboplastin time upon admission ranged from 31.6 to 72.4 s. After admission, systolic blood pressure in the 2 patients with intracerebral hemorrhage was maintained below 140 mmHg, and the subdural hematomas in 4 patients were surgically treated. None of the hematomas became enlarged and outcome was good in most cases. Conclusions: Hematomas that arise due to acute intracranial bleeding during dabigatran treatment seem to remain small to moderate, hard to expand, and manageable.

PubMed | Hamanomachi Hospital, Japan Community Health Care Organization Kyushu Hospital, University Graduate Center, Kyushu University and 2 more.
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Experimental hematology | Year: 2016

Somatic mutations of calreticulin (CALR) have been observed in many cases of essential thrombocythemia (ET) or primary myelofibrosis that harbor non-mutated Janus kinase 2 (JAK2). CALR mainly localizes within the endoplasmic reticulum lumen, but a small fraction of the total CALR pool is distributed over the cell surface. Cell surface CALR is known to transduce prophagocytic eat me signals to macrophages and acts as one of the important regulators for macrophage engulfment. In this study, we attempted to clarify whether mutant CALR may affect the threshold for macrophage engulfment and play an integral role in the pathogenesis of CALR-mutated ET. First, we compared the surface expression levels of CALR on hematopoietic stem and progenitor cells (HSPCs) and mature blood cells in patients with myeloproliferative neoplasms and found that the surface expression of mutant CALR did not change. Next, we compared the threshold for macrophage phagocytosis of each HSPC fraction and mature blood cells and found no significant change in the efficiency of macrophage engulfment. Our data suggest that CALR mutation does not affect sensitivity to phagocytosis by macrophages. Finally, we analyzed the phosphorylation statuses of molecules downstream of JAK2 at each HSPC level in patients with ET and found that CALR mutations activated the JAK-STAT pathway in a manner similar to that associated with JAK2 mutations. These results indicate that mutant CALR causes myeloproliferation because of the activation of JAK-STAT pathway and not by the inhibition of phagocytosis, which is similar to the myeloproliferation caused by JAK2 V617F mutation.

Ohguri T.,University of Occupational and Environmental Health Japan | Yahara K.,University of Occupational and Environmental Health Japan | Moon S.D.,University of Occupational and Environmental Health Japan | Yamaguchi S.,University of Occupational and Environmental Health Japan | And 3 more authors.
International Journal of Hyperthermia | Year: 2011

Purpose: To assess the relationship between the radiofrequency (RF) output power and the intra-oesophageal temperature for hyperthermia of the whole thoracic region, and also to evaluate the patients' characteristics associated with adequate heating. Materials and methods: Fifty-nine patients with thoracic cancer treated with radiotherapy plus hyperthermia were retrospectively analysed. The 8-MHz RF capacitive heating device was applied, both the upper and lower electrodes were 300 mm in diameter, placed on opposite sides of the whole thoracic region. All the patients also underwent intra-oesophageal temperature measurements. Results: All thermal parameters, Tmin, Tmax, Tave, and %T ≥ 41°C, of the intra-oesophageal temperature highly correlated with the median RF output power (p < 0.0001), and the relations were independent in the multivariable analyses including clinical characteristics (p < 0.01). The performance status showed a statistically significant association on Tmax, Tave and %T ≥ 41°C (p < 0.05). The patient age and subcutaneous fat at some levels were inversely correlated with the thermal parameters (p < 0.05). Conclusion: The RF output power was significantly correlated with the intra-oesophageal temperature; it could be used as a promising parameter to assess the efficacy of hyperthermia for the whole thoracic region. Higher intra-oesophageal temperature may be achieved in patients with good performance status, younger age and thinner subcutaneous fat. © 2011 Informa UK Ltd. All rights reserved.

Chong Y.,Kyushu University | Shimoda S.,Kyushu University | Yakushiji H.,Hara Sanshin Hospital | Ito Y.,Hara Sanshin Hospital | And 5 more authors.
PLoS ONE | Year: 2014

Background: Fluoroquinolone prophylaxis in patients with neutropenia and hematological malignancies is said to be effective on febrile netropenia (FN)-related infection and mortality; however, the emergence of antibiotic resistance has become a concern. Ciprofloxacin and levofloxacin prophylaxis are most commonly recommended. A significant increase in the rate of quinolone-resistant Escherichia coli in fecal flora has been reported following ciprofloxacin prophylaxis. The acquisition of quinolone-resistant E. coli after levofloxacin use has not been evaluated. Methods: We prospectively examined the incidence of quinolone-resistant E. coli isolates recovered from stool cultures before and after levofloxacin prophylaxis in patients with neutropenia from August 2011 to May 2013. Some patients received chemotherapy multiple times. Results: In this trial, 68 patients were registered. Levofloxacin-resistant E. coli isolates were detected from 11 and 13 of all patients before and after the prophylaxis, respectively. However, this was not statistically significant ( P= 0.65). Multiple prophylaxis for sequential chemotherapy did not induce additional quinolone resistance among E. coli isolates. Interestingly, quinolone-resistant E. coli, most of which were extended-spectrum β-lactamase (ESBL) producers, were already detected in approximately 20% of all patients before the initiation of prophylaxis. FN-related bacteremia developed in 2 patients, accompanied by a good prognosis. Conclusions: Levofloxacin prophylaxis for neutropenia did not result in a significant acquisition of quinolone-resistant E. coli. However, we detected previous colonization of quinolone-resistant E. coli before prophylaxis, which possibly reflects the spread of ESBL. The epidemic spread of resistant E. coli as a local factor may influence strategies toward the use of quinolone prophylaxis. © 2014 Chong et al.

Chong Y.,Kyushu University | Shimoda S.,Kyushu University | Yakushiji H.,Hara Sanshin Hospital | Ito Y.,Hara Sanshin Hospital | And 4 more authors.
PLoS ONE | Year: 2013

Background: Our unit adopted the single administration of cefepime as the initial treatment for febrile episodes in neutropenic patients with hematological malignancies. However, recently, cefepime-resistant gram-negative bacteremia, including those with extended-spectrum β-lactamase (ESBL)-producers, was frequently observed in these patients. Therefore, we instituted a rotation of primary antibiotics for febrile neutropenic patients in an attempt to control antibiotic resistance. Methods: This prospective trial was performed from August 2008 through March 2011 at our unit. After a pre-intervention period, in which cefepime was used as the initial agent for febrile neutropenia, 4 primary antibiotics, namely, piperacillin-tazobactam, ciprofloxacin, meropenem, and cefepime, were rotated at 1-month intervals over 20 months. Blood and surveillance cultures were conducted for febrile episodes, in order to assess the etiology, the resistance pattern (particularly to cefepime), and the prognosis. Results: In this trial, 219 patients were registered. A 65.9% reduction in the use of cefepime occurred after the antibiotic rotation. In the surveillance stool cultures, the detection rate of cefepime-resistant gram-negative isolates, of which ESBL-producers were predominant, declined significantly after the intervention (8.5 vs 0.9 episodes per 1000 patient days before and after intervention respectively, P<0.01). Interestingly, ESBL-related bacteremia was not detected after the initiation of the trial (1.7 vs 0.0 episodes per 1000 patient days before and after intervention respectively, P<0.01). Infection-related mortality was comparable between the 2 periods. Conclusions: We implemented a monthly rotation of primary antibiotics for febrile neutropenic patients. An antibiotic heterogeneity strategy, mainly performed as a cycling regimen, would be useful for controlling antimicrobial resistance among patients treated for febrile neutropenia. © 2013 Chong et al.

Chong Y.,Hara Sanshin Hospital | Yakushiji H.,Hara Sanshin Hospital | Ito Y.,Hara Sanshin Hospital | Kamimura T.,Hara Sanshin Hospital
International Journal of Infectious Diseases | Year: 2010

Objectives: This study was performed to determine the local etiologic pattern of blood culture isolates and antibiotic resistance in febrile neutropenic patients with hematological malignancies. Methods: A total of 142 blood culture isolates from febrile neutropenic patients admitted to our hematology unit were examined, particularly for the detection of cefepime resistance, because cefepime, a fourth-generation cephalosporin, has been used in our unit as initial therapy for febrile neutropenia. Results: Among all isolates, 67 (47.2%) were Gram-positive bacteria, the majority of which were fully sensitive to vancomycin. Gram-negative bacteria accounted for 68 (47.9%) of the isolates. Cefepime resistance was seen in 24 (35.3%) of the Gram-negative isolates, and had significantly increased in 2007. The cefepime-resistant isolates primarily consisted of Escherichia coli, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, and Klebsiella pneumoniae. Approximately 60% of the cefepime-resistant isolates were extended-spectrum β-lactamase (ESBL)-producing organisms. Molecular analysis showed the predominant emergence of CTX-M types. Most of the cefepime-resistant isolates were resistant to third- and various fourth-generation cephalosporins, while having a high susceptibility to carbapenems, particularly meropenem. Conclusions: Cefepime resistance was often detected in the blood culture isolates from febrile neutropenic patients. This result suggests that therapeutic strategies for febrile neutropenia should be modified based on the local antibiotic resistance patterns. © 2010 International Society for Infectious Diseases.

Chong Y.,Hara Sanshin Hospital | Ito Y.,Hara Sanshin Hospital | Kamimura T.,Hara Sanshin Hospital
Infection, Genetics and Evolution | Year: 2011

The emergence of extended-spectrum β-lactamase (ESBL)-producing bacteria, particularly Escherichia coli and Klebsiella pneumoniae, is now a critical concern for the development of therapies against bacterial infection. ESBLs consist of three major genetic groups: TEM, SHV, and CTX-M types. Nosocomial infections due to TEM and SHV-producing K. pneumoniae strains were frequently documented until the late 1990s. The number of reports on community-acquired infections caused by CTX-M-producing E. coli strains have dramatically increased over the last decade; however, K. pneumoniae strains, of either the TEM or SHV types, are persistent and important ESBL producers. The spread of ESBL genes is associated with various mobile genetic elements, such as transposons, insertion sequences, and integrons. The rapid dissemination of ESBL genes of the CTX-M type may be related to highly complicated genetic structures. These structures harboring ESBL genes and mobile elements are found in a variety of plasmids, which often carry many other antibiotic resistance genes. Multidrug-resistant CTX-M-15-producing E. coli strains disseminate worldwide. Efficient mobile elements and plasmids may have accelerated the genetic diversity and the rapid spread of ESBL genes, and their genetic evolution has caused an emerging threat to the bacteria for which few effective drugs have been identified. © 2011 Elsevier B.V.

Chong Y.,Hara Sanshin Hospital | Yakushiji H.,Hara Sanshin Hospital | Ito Y.,Hara Sanshin Hospital | Kamimura T.,Hara Sanshin Hospital
International Journal of Infectious Diseases | Year: 2011

Background: The routine use of fluoroquinolone prophylaxis in patients with neutropenia and hematological malignancies is controversial. This prophylaxis has been reported to have a positive impact in reducing infection-related mortality, but the consequent development of antibiotic resistance has become a concern. This study assessed the effect of discontinuing quinolone prophylaxis on the etiology and the resistance pattern of blood culture isolates and on the prognosis among febrile neutropenic patients receiving chemotherapy. Methods: The results of blood cultures obtained from febrile neutropenic patients between January 2003 and June 2009 were analyzed; these results were available through a computer database set up in 2003. Results: Patients receiving quinolone prophylaxis between 2003 and 2005 showed a lower incidence of Gram-negative bacteria than patients not receiving prophylaxis between 2006 and 2009 (13.5%, n= 9 vs. 48.1%, n= 75). Interestingly, after discontinuing prophylaxis, approximately 70% of the Gram-negative bacteria isolated were quinolone-resistant, and some were extended-spectrum β-lactamase (ESBL) producers. The frequencies of quinolone-resistant Gram-positive bacteria isolated were similar between the period of quinolone prophylaxis and the period with no prophylaxis (61.1% vs. 64.3%). In both periods, all Gram-positive isolates were sensitive to vancomycin. The infection-related mortality was comparable between patients receiving prophylaxis and those not receiving prophylaxis (1.5%, n= 1 vs. 1.3%, n= 2). Conclusions: These findings suggest that quinolone prophylaxis for neutropenia does not induce a significant increase in the growth of quinolone- and multidrug-resistant bacteria. Rather, discontinuing quinolone prophylaxis may induce a dramatic increase in the growth of Gram-negative bacteria, including ESBL producers. Our results suggest that the necessity for quinolone prophylaxis in neutropenic patients should be determined based on local antibiotic resistance patterns. © 2011 International Society for Infectious Diseases.

Chong Y.,Hara Sanshin Hospital | Yakushiji H.,Hara Sanshin Hospital | Ito Y.,Hara Sanshin Hospital | Kamimura T.,Hara Sanshin Hospital
European Journal of Clinical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases | Year: 2011

The detection rates of extended-spectrum β-lactamase (ESBL)-producing bacteria in Japan are very low (∼5%) compared with those obtained worldwide. Further, the current trend of these bacteria in Japan is not known, and few studies with longitudinal observations have been reported. To obtain epidemiologic data on ESBL-producing bacteria, their genotypic features, and their antibiotic resistance patterns in Japan, we analyzed bacterial isolates from hospitalized patients at our institution over the 7-year period from 2003 to 2009. Of 2,304 isolates, 202 (8.8%) were found to be ESBL producers, including Escherichia coli, Klebsiella pneumonia, and Proteus mirabilis. The detection rates of the ESBL-producing isolates gradually increased and reached 17.1% and 10.5% for the E. coli and K. pneumoniae strains, respectively, in 2009. Genotyping analysis showed that ∼90% of the ESBL-producing isolates carried the CTX-M genotype, in which the CTX-M-9 group was predominant, although the CTX-M-2 group is considered to be the main genotype in Japan; further, many of the strains produced multiple β-lactamases. The detection rates of ESBL-producing bacteria may tend to be high within a limited region in Japan. A countrywide survey is required to understand the trend for ESBL-producing bacteria at the national level. In addition, our findings suggest that the genotypes of the detected ESBL producers are similar to those exhibiting a successful nosocomial spread worldwide. © 2010 Springer-Verlag.

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