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Pyeongchang, South Korea

Sharmaa A.,Hanwoo Experiment Station | Lee J.S.,Hanwoo Experiment Station | Dang C.G.,Hanwoo Experiment Station | Sudrajad P.,Hanwoo Experiment Station | And 4 more authors.
Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences | Year: 2015

Undoubtedly livestock is one of the major contributors to the economy of any country. The economic value of livestock includes meat, dairy products, fiber, fertilizer etc. Understanding and identifying the associations of quantitative trait loci (QTL) with the economically important traits is believed to substantially benefit the livestock industry. The past two decades have seen a flurry of interest in mapping the QTL associated with traits of economic importance on the genome. With the availability of single nucleotide polymorphism chip of various densities it is possible to identify regions, QTL and genes on the genome that explain the association and its effect on the phenotype under consideration. Remarkable advancement has been seen in genome wide association studies (GWAS) since its inception till the present day. In this review we describe the progress and challenges of GWAS in various livestock species. Copyright © 2015 by Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences.

Sharma A.,Hanwoo Experiment Station | Dang C.G.,Hanwoo Experiment Station | Kim K.S.,Chungbuk National University | Kim J.J.,Yeungnam University | And 5 more authors.
Animal Genetics | Year: 2014

The objective of this study was to validate the association of significant SNPs identified from a previous genome-wide association study with carcass weight (CWT) in a commercial Hanwoo population. We genotyped 13 SNPs located on BTA14 in 867 steers from Korea Hanwoo feedlot bulls. Of these 13 SNPs, five SNPs, namely rs29021868, rs110061498, rs109546980, rs42404006 and rs42303720, were found to be significantly associated (P < 0.001) with CWT. These five significant markers spanned the 24.3 to 29.4 Mb region of BTA14. The most significant marker (rs29021868) for CWT in this study had a 13.07 kg allele substitution effect and accounted for 2.4% of the additive genetic variance in the commercial Hanwoo population. The SNP marker rs109546980 was found to be significantly associated with both CWT (P < 0.001) and eye muscle area (P < 0.001) and could potentially be exploited for marker-assisted selection in Hanwoo cattle. We also genotyped the ss319607402 variation, which maps to intron2 of PLAG1 gene and which is already reported to be associated with height, to identify any significant association with carcass weight; however, no such association was observed in this Hanwoo commercial population. © 2014 Stichting International Foundation for Animal Genetics.

Suh S.,South Korean National Institute of Animal Science | Sharma A.,Hanwoo Experiment Station | Lee S.,Hanwoo Experiment Station | Cho C-.Y.,South Korean National Institute of Animal Science | And 7 more authors.
Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences | Year: 2014

The effective management of endangered animal genetic resources is one of the most important concerns of modern breeding. Evaluation of genetic diversity and relationship of local breeds is an important factor towards the identification of unique and valuable genetic resources. This study aimed to analyze the genetic diversity and population structure of six Korean native chicken breeds (n = 300), which were compared with three imported breeds in Korea (n = 150). For the analysis of genetic diversity, 30 microsatellite markers from FAO/ISAG recommended diversity panel or previously reported microsatellite markers were used. The number of alleles ranged from 2 to 15 per locus, with a mean of 8.13. The average observed heterozygosity within native breeds varied between 0.46 and 0.59. The overall heterozygote deficiency (F IT) in native chicken was 0.234±0.025. Over 30.7% of F IT was contributed by within-population deficiency (FIS). Bayesian clustering analysis, using the STRUCTURE software suggested 9 clusters. This study may provide the background for future studies to identify the genetic uniqueness of the Korean native chicken breeds. Copyright © 2014 by Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences.

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