Hanoi Lung Hospital

Hanoi, Vietnam

Hanoi Lung Hospital

Hanoi, Vietnam

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Maeda S.,Research Institute of Tuberculosis | Hang N.T.L.,Medical Collaboration Center | Thuong P.H.,Hanoi Lung Hospital | Hung N.V.,National Lung Hospital | And 7 more authors.
Tuberculosis | Year: 2014

Beijing genotype strains are divided into two major sublineages, ancient (atypical) and modern (typical) types, but their phenotypic variations remain largely unknown. Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MTB) isolates from Hanoi, Vietnam, were analyzed by single-nucleotide polymorphisms and spoligotyping. Patient information and drug susceptibility patterns were obtained. Genetic clustering was assessed by variable number of tandem repeat (VNTR) locus sets. Multivariate analysis was also performed to investigate factors possibly associated with these sublineages. Of the 465 strains tested, 175 (37.6%) belonged to the ancient Beijing sublineage and 97 (20.9%) were of the modern Beijing sublineage. Patients with the Beijing genotype were significantly younger and more undernourished than those with non-Beijing genotype. The proportion of clustered strains calculated from 15 locus-optimized mycobacterial interspersed repetitive units [optimized-(MIRU)15]-, optimized-MIRU24-, optimized-MIRU28-, Japan Anti-Tuberculosis Association (JATA)15-, and JATA18-VNTRs were 55.7%, 49.2%, 33.8%, 44.5%, and 32.0%, respectively. Ancient and modern Beijing genotype strains were more frequently clustered than non-Beijing genotype strains, even when using VNTR sets with high discriminatory power. Isoniazid and streptomycin resistance tended to be more frequently observed in ancient Beijing strains than in modern Beijing strains and others. Our findings may provide insight into area-dependent differences in Beijing family strain characteristics. © 2014 The Authors.


Le Hang N.T.,Medical Collaboration Center | Lien L.T.,Hanoi Lung Hospital | Kobayashi N.,National Center for Global Health and Medicine | Shimbo T.,International Clinical Research Center | And 10 more authors.
PLoS ONE | Year: 2011

Background: Imperfect sensitivity of interferon-γ release assay (IGRA) is a potential problem to detect tuberculosis. We made a thorough investigation of the factors that can lead to false negativity of IGRA. Methods: We recruited 543 patients with new smear-positive pulmonary tuberculosis in Hanoi, Viet Nam. At diagnosis, peripheral blood was collected and IGRA (QuantiFERON-TB Gold In-Tube) was performed. Clinical and epidemiological information of the host and pathogen was collected. The test sensitivity was calculated and factors negatively influencing IGRA results were evaluated using a logistic regression model in 504 patients with culture-confirmed pulmonary tuberculosis. Results: The overall sensitivity of IGRA was 92.3% (95% CI, 89.6%-94.4%). The proportions of IGRA-negative and -indeterminate results were 4.8% (95% CI, 3.1%-7.0%) and 3.0% (95% CI, 1.7%-4.9%). Age increased by year, body mass index <16.0, HIV co-infection and the increased number of HLA-DRB1*0701 allele that patients bear showed significant associations with IGRA negativity (OR = 1.04 [95% CI, 1.01-1.07], 5.42 [1.48-19.79], 6.38 [1.78-22.92] and 5.09 [2.31-11.22], respectively). HIV co-infection and the same HLA allele were also associated with indeterminate results (OR = 99.59 [95% CI, 15.58-625.61] and 4.25 [1.27-14.16]). Conclusions: Aging, emaciation, HIV co-infection and HLA genotype affected IGRA results. Assessment of these factors might contribute to a better understanding of the assay. © 2011 Hang et al.


PubMed | National Center for Global Health and Medicine, NHO Tokyo National Hospital, Tokyo Electron, The Research Institute of Tuberculosis Japan Anti Tuberculosis Association and 4 more.
Type: | Journal: International journal of infectious diseases : IJID : official publication of the International Society for Infectious Diseases | Year: 2015

In the performance of interferon gamma release assays (IGRA) for the diagnosis of tuberculosis (TB) infection, false-negative results are a major obstacle. In active TB patients, treatment-dependent changes of the negative test results remain unknown.The treatment course of 19 smear-positive/culture-confirmed TB patients who had IGRA-negative results by QuantiFERON-TB in-tube (QFT-IT) method at the time of diagnosis (month 0) in a previous study, were monitored in the present study. Blood was further collected at months 2 and 7, and the concentrations of 27 immune molecules were measured in the plasma supernatants remaining after performing the IGRA, using a suspension array system.After initiating treatment, eight of the 19 QFT-IT-negative patients showed positive conversion, whereas the remaining 11 (58%) did not; the interferon gamma (IFN-) response was restored to levels higher than 1 IU/ml in only three of the eight patients with positive conversion. Plasma concentrations of interleukin 1 receptor antagonist, interleukin 2, and interferon gamma-induced protein 10 remained low after Mycobacterium tuberculosis-specific antigen stimulation at months 2 and 7 in the continuously QFT-IT-negative group, whereas the parameters were elevated only in the transiently QFT-IT-negative group.It was demonstrated that a majority of active TB patients showing negative IGRA results did not regain sufficient levels of immune responsiveness despite successful treatment.


PubMed | San Francisco General Hospital, National Lung Hospital, Hanoi Lung Hospital and University of California at Berkeley
Type: Comparative Study | Journal: The international journal of tuberculosis and lung disease : the official journal of the International Union against Tuberculosis and Lung Disease | Year: 2015

Hanoi Lung Hospital, Hanoi, Viet Nam.To compare the accuracy of CellScopeTB, a manually operated mobile digital fluorescence microscope, with conventional microscopy techniques.Patients referred for sputum smear microscopy to the Hanoi Lung Hospital from May to September 2013 were included. Ziehl-Neelsen (ZN) smear microscopy, conventional light-emitting diode (LED) fluorescence microscopy (FM), CellScopeTB-based LED FM and Xpert() MTB/RIF were performed on sputum samples. The sensitivity and specificity of microscopy techniques were determined in reference to Xpert results, and differences were compared using McNemars paired test of proportions.Of 326 patients enrolled, 93 (28.5%) were Xpert-positive for TB. The sensitivity of ZN microscopy, conventional LED FM, and CellScopeTB-based LED FM was respectively 37.6% (95%CI 27.8-48.3), 41.9% (95%CI 31.8-52.6), and 35.5% (95%CI 25.8-46.1). The sensitivity of CellScopeTB was similar to that of conventional LED FM (difference -6.5%, 95%CI -18.2 to 5.3, P = 0.33) and ZN microscopy (difference -2.2%, 95%CI -9.2 to 4.9, P = 0.73). The specificity was >99% for all three techniques.CellScopeTB performed similarly to conventional microscopy techniques in the hands of experienced TB microscopists. However, the sensitivity of all sputum microscopy techniques was low. Options enabled by digital microscopy, such as automated imaging with real-time computerized analysis, should be explored to increase sensitivity.


PubMed | San Francisco General Hospital, Stanford University, University of California at San Francisco and Hanoi Lung Hospital
Type: Evaluation Studies | Journal: Diagnostic microbiology and infectious disease | Year: 2015

Interferon-gamma release assays have limited sensitivity for detecting latent tuberculosis infection. In this study, we determine if the addition of immunomodulators to the QuantiFERON-TB Gold In-Tube (QFT-GIT) increased test sensitivity without compromising specificity. We prospectively compared QFT-GIT results with and without incubation with 2 immunomodulators (lipopolysaccharide [LPS] and polyinosine-polycytidylic acid [PolyIC]) in 2 cohorts-113 culture-confirmed tuberculosis (TB) subjects in Hanoi, Vietnam, and 226 documented QFT-GIT-negative, low TB risk health care workers undergoing annual TB screening at a US academic institution. Sensitivity of the tests in TB subjects was 84.1% with the standard QFT-GIT and 85.8% and 74.3% after incubation with LPS and PolyIC, respectively. Specificity in low TB risk health care workers was 100% with the standard QFT-GIT by design and 86.7% with LPS and 63.3% with PolyIC. In conclusion, use of the 2 immunomodulators did not improve sensitivity of the QFT-GIT in TB patients and reduced specificity in low-risk health care workers.


Hang N.T.L.,Tokyo Women's Medical University | Hang N.T.L.,Medicine Bach Mai Hospital NCGM BMH | Maeda S.,Research Institute of Tuberculosis | Keicho N.,Research Institute of Tuberculosis | And 3 more authors.
Tuberculosis | Year: 2015

The influence of Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MTB) lineages/sublineages on unfavorable tuberculosis (TB) treatment outcomes is poorly understood. We investigated the effects of Beijing genotype sublineages and other factors contributing to treatment outcome. Patients newly diagnosed with sputum smear-positive and culture-positive TB in Hanoi, Vietnam, participated in the study. After receiving anti-TB treatment, they were intensively followed up for the next 16 months. MTB isolates collected before treatment were subjected to drug susceptibility testing, and further analyzed to determine MTB (sub) lineages and their clonal similarities. Of 430 patients, 17 had treatment failure and 30 had TB recurrence. Rifampicin resistance was associated with treatment failure {adjusted odds ratio = 6.64 [95% confidence interval (CI), 1.48-29.73]}. The modern Beijing genotype was significantly associated with recurrent TB within 16 months [adjusted hazard ratio = 3.29 (95% CI, 1.17-9.27)], particularly after adjustment for the relevant antibiotic resistance. Human immunodeficiency virus coinfection and severity on chest radiographs were not significantly associated with unfavorable outcomes. Our findings provide further understanding of the influence of MTB strains on unfavorable treatment outcomes. Multiple risk factors should be considered for the optimal management of TB. © 2015 Elsevier Ltd.


PubMed | Hanoi Medical University, Tokyo Women's Medical University, Hanoi Lung Hospital and Tokyo Electron
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Tuberculosis (Edinburgh, Scotland) | Year: 2015

The influence of Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MTB) lineages/sublineages on unfavorable tuberculosis (TB) treatment outcomes is poorly understood. We investigated the effects of Beijing genotype sublineages and other factors contributing to treatment outcome. Patients newly diagnosed with sputum smear-positive and culture-positive TB in Hanoi, Vietnam, participated in the study. After receiving anti-TB treatment, they were intensively followed up for the next 16 months. MTB isolates collected before treatment were subjected to drug susceptibility testing, and further analyzed to determine MTB (sub) lineages and their clonal similarities. Of 430 patients, 17 had treatment failure and 30 had TB recurrence. Rifampicin resistance was associated with treatment failure {adjusted odds ratio=6.64 [95% confidence interval (CI), 1.48-29.73]}. The modern Beijing genotype was significantly associated with recurrent TB within 16 months [adjusted hazard ratio=3.29 (95% CI, 1.17-9.27)], particularly after adjustment for the relevant antibiotic resistance. Human immunodeficiency virus coinfection and severity on chest radiographs were not significantly associated with unfavorable outcomes. Our findings provide further understanding of the influence of MTB strains on unfavorable treatment outcomes. Multiple risk factors should be considered for the optimal management of TB.


Hijikata M.,National Health Research Institute | Shojima J.,National Health Research Institute | Matsushita I.,National Health Research Institute | Tokunaga K.,University of Tokyo | And 8 more authors.
Human Genetics | Year: 2012

Interferon-γ (IFN-γ) is a key molecule of T helper 1 (Th1)-immune response against tuberculosis (TB), and rare genetic defects of IFN-c receptors cause disseminated mycobacterial infection. The aim of the present study was to investigate whether genetic polymorphisms found in the Th1-immune response genes play a role in TB. In our study, DNA samples were collected from two series of cases including 832 patients with new smear-positive TB and 506 unrelated individuals with no history of TB in the general population of Hanoi, Vietnam. Alleles of eight microsatellite markers located around Th1-immune response-related genes and single nucleotide polymorphisms near the promising microsatellites were genotyped. A set of polymorphisms within the interferon gamma receptor 2 gene (IFNGR2) showed a significant association with protection against TB (P = 0.00054). Resistant alleles tend to be less frequently found in younger age at diagnosis (P = 0.011). Luciferase assays revealed high transcriptional activity of the promoter segment in linkage disequilibrium with resistant alleles. We conclude that the polymorphisms of IFNGR2 may confer resistance to the TB development of newly infected individuals. Contribution of the genetic factors to TB appeared to be different depending on age at diagnosis. © The Author(s) 2011.


Kobayashi K.,University of Tokyo | Yuliwulandari R.,University of Tokyo | Yuliwulandari R.,YARSI University | Yanai H.,University of Tokyo | And 7 more authors.
Tissue Antigens | Year: 2012

Tuberculosis (TB) is caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis and is a major cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. Many candidate genes have been investigated for a possible association with TB. Toll-like receptors (TLRs) are known to play important roles in human innate immune systems. Polymorphisms in and functions of TLRs have been investigated to identify associations with specific infectious diseases, including TB. Here, we examined whether single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in TLRs and genes in TLR signaling were associated with TB susceptibility in Indonesian and Vietnamese populations. A statistically significant association was observed between TB susceptibility in a classified Indonesian female group and rs352139, an SNP located in the intron of TLR9, using the genotype (P = 2.76E-04) and recessive (AA vs AG+GG, P = 2.48E-04, odds ratio = 1.827, 95% confidence interval = 1.321-2.526) models. Meta-analysis of the Indonesian and Vietnamese populations showed that rs352139 was significantly associated with TB in the recessive model. This finding indicated that a TLR9 polymorphism might have an important role in the susceptibility to M. tuberculosis in Asian populations. © 2011 John Wiley & Sons A/S.


Keicho N.,National Health Research Institute | Matsushita I.,National Health Research Institute | Tanaka T.,National Health Research Institute | Shimbo T.,International Clinical Research Center | And 6 more authors.
PLoS ONE | Year: 2012

Background: Wasting is known as a prominent feature of tuberculosis (TB). To monitor the disease state, markers of metabolism and inflammation are potentially useful. We thus analyzed two major adipokines, adiponectin and leptin, and two other metabolic markers, fetuin-A and retinol-binding protein 4 (RBP4). Methods: The plasma levels of these markers were measured using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays in 84 apparently healthy individuals (= no-symptom group) and 46 patients with active pulmonary TB around the time of treatment, including at the midpoint evaluation (= active-disease group) and compared them with body mass index (BMI), C-reactive protein (CRP), chest radiographs and TB-antigen specific response by interferon-γ release assay (IGRA). Results: In the no-symptom group, adiponectin and leptin showed negative and positive correlation with BMI respectively. In the active-disease group, at the time of diagnosis, leptin, fetuin-A and RBP4 levels were lower than in the no-symptom group [adjusted means 2.01 versus 4.50 ng/ml, P<0.0001; 185.58 versus 252.27 μg/ml, P<0.0001; 23.88 versus 43.79 μg/ml, P<0.0001, respectively]. High adiponectin and low leptin levels were associated with large infiltrates on chest radiographs even after adjustment for BMI and other covariates (P = 0.0033 and P = 0.0020). During treatment, adiponectin levels increased further and then decreased. Leptin levels remained low. Initial low levels of fetuin-A and RBP4 almost returned to the normal reference range in concert with reduced CRP. Conclusions: Our data and recent literature suggest that low fat store and underlying inflammation may regulate these metabolic markers in TB in a different way. Decreased leptin, increased adiponectin, or this ratio may be a promising marker for severity of the disease independent of BMI. We should further investigate pathological roles of the balance between these adipokines. © 2012 Keicho et al.

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