Hwang S.Y.,Hanyang University |
Hwang S.Y.,Hanmi Pharmaceutics Research Center |
Cho S.H.,Hanyang University |
Cho S.H.,Korean Research Institute of Biosciences and Biotechnology |
And 3 more authors.
Apoptosis | Year: 2011
The objective of this study was to propose a feasibility of a cellular imaging assay as an alternative to the conventional cytotoxicity assay, such as MTS assay, for apoptosis monitoring. As an apoptosis monitoring parameter, affinity interaction between phosphatidylserine (PS) and annexin V was chosen. First, the specific binding affinity between annexin V and PS in phospholipid bilayers consisting of various molar (0-15%) composition of PS was measured using a surface plasmon resonance biosensor. As PS composition increased, the binding level of annexin V increased proportionally. Second, various concentrations (0.1-10 lM) of staurosporine were used as to induce apoptosis and introduced to MCF-7 breast carcinoma cells. The cellular fluorescence images from annexin V-FITC conjugate were obtained by confocal microscopy, and their fluorescence intensities were quantified by image scanning. Dose-apoptosis (or cell death) relationships were very similar to those from MTS and FACS assays. In summary, our cellular imaging method could serve as a quicker and simpler alternative to MTS (end point assay) and FACS (flow cytometry) to screen potential apoptosis inducers. © 2011 Springer Science+Business Media, LLC.