Hang Seng Management College
Hang Seng Management College
News Article | February 23, 2017
The 27th HKTDC Education & Careers Expo opened to the public free of charge today at the Hong Kong Convention and Exhibition Centre. The four-day event continues through 26 February and gathers more than 860 organisations from 22 countries and regions, including educational institutions, consulting firms, government departments as well as private enterprises to showcase a wealth of information on further studies, continuous education and job opportunities. Eddie Ng, Secretary for Education, Hong Kong Special Administrative Region (HKSAR) Government, officiated the opening ceremony this morning. He said the annual expo has established itself as a premier event providing the public with comprehensive and updated information on further studies, training and career openings. He added that the event also echoes government policy of providing diversified and flexible pathways for students. Speaking one day after the government unveiled its 2017/18 Budget, Mr Ng said, "Government investment in education ranks the highest among all policy areas; for every five dollars we spend, we spend one on education." He also pledged to launch various measures for students and job seekers to help pave the way for their future. Margaret Fong, Executive Director, HKTDC, noted that the expo continues to feature education and career theme days, providing students and job seekers with valuable information on further education and employment trends. She added that various seminars and activities are organised to evaluate job prospects in different industries and help young people to identify careers that best suit their talent and interests. - Brand new career theme days cater to industry needs - Responding to human resources needs of different industries, the expo features four career theme days spotlighting employment demand and trends of various sectors. The Tech & Innovation theme day (23 February) explores the trends in digital technology and research and development, areas that the government has been actively promoting in recent years. In addition to expert insights from industry representatives about the application of innovation technology in the commercial sector and aviation industry, the Vocational Training Centre (VTC) is showcasing some of the latest innovative projects jointly developed by its teachers and students. These include a smart drying rack that combines automatic sensors and a mobile app. Visitors can also get hands-on experience of the latest interactive technology such as controlling robots via smart devices and testing their skills in virtual reality (VR) games. A series of seminars highlighting opportunities in the creative sectors such as digital games, film, performing arts, fine arts, design, architecture and media are organised under the Arts theme day (24 February). With various large-scale infrastructure projects underway in Hong Kong, the industry is constantly seeking new talent. As such, the ever-popular Electrical & Mechanical theme day (25 February) returns to the expo. Formed by the Electrical Mechanical Services Department along with 18 related organisatons that include CLP Power Hong Kong Ltd, MTR Corporation Ltd and the Water Supplies Department, The Hong Kong E&M Trade Promotion Working Group explores industry prospects, provides information on training programmes and offers job opportunities on-site. Organised with the Hong Kong Federation of Youth Groups, the events on the Startup theme day (26 February) target young people who want to start their own businesses. Representatives from online stores, cafes and other businesses will share their stories and explore startup opportunities and challenges with visitors. Among them, founders of Y Cocktail & Mocktail and local artisanal beer brewery Mak's Beer will talk about their entrepreneurial journeys tomorrow (24 February). - 2,300 vacancies via on-site recruitment - Various government departments and public and private sector organisations are accepting on-the-spot job applications with over 2,300 job vacancies are expected to be offered, including those in the Police Force, Fire Services Department, Hong Kong Airport Authority, Aviation Security Company Ltd and Centaline Property Agency Ltd. Job seekers should bring their resumes for on-the-spot job application. To prepare students for employment, the Youth Zone offers information on internships and employment opportunities. Besides, representatives from the Labour Department are on hand to provide information on mainland jobs and overseas working holiday programmes, as well as the Youth Employment and Training Programme, which is designed to support local youth employment. - A one-stop career information hub - The expo's education theme days spotlight the Chinese mainland (23 February), Japan (24 February), Europe (25 February) and Australia and New Zealand (26 February). Representatives from these countries will provide the latest updates on overseas study opportunities. Visitors can learn about admission procedures, entry requirements and campus life by attending thematic activities and seminars. Due to keen interest in studying in Japan, the inaugural Japan theme day offers information on admission requirements of Japanese educational institutions and government scholarships. Regarding the Chinese mainland, the Scheme for Admission of Hong Kong Students to Mainland Higher Education Institutions covers 90 mainland higher education institutions, including Tsinghua University and Peking University. Representatives from the Office of the China Education Exchange (HK) Centre are ready to talk about trends and opportunities for further studies on the mainland. The newly launched "International Exchange Village" gathers various Consulate General (CG) offices and officially recognised bodies. Together, they provide visitors with a range of information and offer consultations on studying and working abroad. Participating CG offices include Hungary, Korea, Mexico, Sweden and South Africa, as well as countries along the "Belt and Road" such as Bangladesh, Cambodia, Czech Republic, Iran and the Philippines. Students can explore education and exchange opportunities in these countries. Other organisations such as VTC, Hang Seng Management College, The Open University of Hong Kong and Hong Kong Shue Yan University are available to discuss their respective curricula. Education programmes on arts and creative industries are also available via the Arts Education Section of Education Bureau, Hong Kong Academy for Performing Arts and Baron School of Music, offering students more channels to pursue their studies. - Celebrity sharing on job experiences - About 100 activities are organised throughout the expo, featuring further education and industry trends. Renowned speakers include Chairman of Hong Kong's Commission on Youth Lau Ming-wai (23 February) discussing the challenges of finding the right career path; media veteran Stephen Chan (24 February) and chairman of a digital game company Sze Yan-ngai (24 February) explaining technology, media, arts and giving advice on ways to turn personal interests into careers; and Hong Kong Jockey Club apprentice jockey Kei Chiong (25 February) will share her experience of chasing her dream to become a jockey. Other seminar highlights include practical tips on taking IELTS examinations as well as the Chinese skills in preparation for the Diploma of Secondary Education hosted by Dr Au Yeung Wai-hoo ("Ben Sir"), Senior Lecturer at the Chinese Language and Literature Department of the Chinese University of Hong Kong, and Yan Yuk-ki, author and consultant for the 5 Stars Chinese Compositions Series. A series of seminars on working holidays are also organised to present the application requirements and types of work available in Japan, Germany, France and other countries and regions. Date Career Theme Days Education Theme Days Thu 2/23 Tech & Innovation (New) Chinese mainland Fri 2/24 Arts (New) Japan (New) Sat 2/25 Electrical and Mechanical Europe Sun 2/26 Startup (New) Australia and New Zealand Fair website: http://www.hktdc.com/hkeducationexpo/ Event schedule: http://bit.ly/2lIz3TY Photo download: http://bit.ly/2lypzbX Media representatives wishing to cover the event may register on-site with their business cards and/or media identification. To view press releases in Chinese, please visit http://mediaroom.hktdc.com/tc. (Photo 1:) The 27th Education & Careers Expo opens today. Guests attending the opening ceremony include: (from left) Rachael McGuckian, Consul (Trade Commissioner), New Zealand Consulate-General, Hong Kong & Macao; Kuninori Matsuda, Ambassador and Consul-General, Consulate-General of Japan in Hong Kong; Margaret Fong, Executive Director, HKTDC; Eddie Ng, Secretary for Education, HKSAR Government; Eric Berti, Consul-General, Consulate General of France in Hong Kong and Macao; Carmen Cano De Lasala, Head of Office, European Union Office to Hong Kong and Macao; Ronald Chung Chi-kit, Deputy Executive Director, Vocational Training Council. (Photo 2:) Margaret Fong, Executive Director, HKTDC (second left) and Eddie Ng, Secretary for Education, HKSAR Government (left) visit the booth of The Hong Kong Federation of Youth Groups. About HKTDC Established in 1966, the Hong Kong Trade Development Council (HKTDC) is a statutory body dedicated to creating opportunities for Hong Kong's businesses. With more than 40 offices globally, including 13 on the Chinese mainland, the HKTDC promotes Hong Kong as a platform for doing business with China, Asia and the world. With 50 years of experience, the HKTDC organises international exhibitions, conferences and business missions to provide companies, particularly SMEs, with business opportunities on the mainland and in international markets, while providing information via trade publications, research reports and digital channels including the media room. For more information, please visit: www.hktdc.com/aboutus. Follow us on Google+, Twitter @hktdc, LinkedIn. Google+: https://plus.google.com/+hktdc Twitter: http://www.twitter.com/hktdc LinkedIn: http://www.linkedin.com/company/hong-kong-trade-development-council Contact:
News Article | February 15, 2017
The 27th HKTDC Education & Careers Expo opens on 23 February and continues through 26 February at the Hong Kong Convention and Exhibition Centre. More than 860 exhibitors from 22 countries and regions are set to join the expo, including educational institutions, consulting firms, professional associations, government departments, semi-government bodies and private enterprises. The expo provides a wealth of information on further studies, continuous education and job opportunities and will be open to the public free of charge. The four-day fair will feature two major zones: Education Zone and Careers Zone. Different career and education theme days are set for each day for visitors to grasp the relevant information from various exhibitors and events. On-site recruitment for 2,300+ vacancies There will be four career theme days this year, including the newly launched Tech & Innovation (23 February), Arts (24 February) and Startup (26 February) theme days, as well as the ever-popular Electrical and Mechanical theme day (25 February). Each career theme day will spotlight the employment trends of relevant industries. A number of organisations, including Vocational Training Council (VTC), Arts Education Section of Education Bureau, Electrical and Mechanical Services Department and Hong Kong Federation of Youth Groups will provide current industry trends, career prospects, advice on entering different industries and job availability, to help students and job seekers plan their career paths. At the Youth Zone, organisations from different sectors will offer young people information on further education and employment. Representatives from the Labour Department will also be on hand to introduce the Youth Employment and Training Programme, which is designed to support local youth employment, and provide information on different overseas employment and working holiday programmes. Representatives from different industries will also discuss various developments and career prospects. In addition, various government departments together with private and public organisations including the Police Force, Fire Services Department, Hong Kong Airport Authority, Aviation Security Company Limited and Centaline Property Agency Limited will accept on-the-spot job applications; a total of more than 2,300 job opportunities comprising summer jobs and internships are expected to be offered during the expo. Global educational institutions to showcase study and exchange opportunities On education, the expo will gather consultants from different countries and regions to provide the latest updates on overseas study opportunities. This year's education theme days will focus on the Chinese mainland (23 February), Europe (25 February), Australia and New Zealand (26 February) as well as Japan (24 February), which is a new theme for this year. Representatives from educational institutions in these markets will host seminars for visitors to learn about the admission procedures, entry requirements and campus life in these destinations. Gathering various Consulate General (CG) offices and officially recognised bodies, the newly launched "International Exchange Village" will provide visitors with information and consultation service on studying and working abroad. Participating CG offices include Hungary, Korea, Mexico, Sweden and South Africa, as well as countries along the "Belt and Road" such as Bangladesh, Cambodia, Czech Republic, Iran and the Philippines. Students can explore education and exchange opportunities in these countries. What's more, the expo will provide information on further studies and continuous education in Hong Kong. Institutions such as the VTC, Hang Seng Management College, The Open University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong Shue Yan University and YMC College of Careers will give details of different courses. Exhibitors such as Arts Education Section of Education Bureau, Hong Kong Academy for Performing Arts and Baron School of Music will present arts and creative education opportunities, offering students different channels for advancing studies. 100 fascinating events; celebrities to share workplace insights Close to 100 activities will be held during the expo, including an assortment of seminars and talks on further studies, industry trends and working holiday programmes. Renowned speakers include Chairman of Commission of Youth Lau Ming-wai, experienced media person Stephen Chan, Chairman of a digital game company Sze Yan-ngai and Hong Kong Jockey Club apprentice jockey Kei Chiong, will have job experience sharings. Aside from seminars offering practical tips on taking TOEFL and IELTS examinations, the HKTDC has also invited Dr Au Yeung Wai-hoo (Ben Sir), Senior Lecturer at the Chinese Language and Literature Department of the Chinese University of Hong Kong, and Yan Yuk-ki, author and consultant for the 5 Stars Chinese Compositions Series to host a seminar about Chinese writing skills in preparation for the Diploma of Secondary Education. The HKTDC will also collaborate with the VTC to showcase some of the innovative projects co-developed by its teachers and students. There will be an interactive technology experience showcase where visitors can experience the excitement of controlling robots via smart devices, virtual reality (VR) gaming and building a robotic boat. Date & Opening Hours: 23 February (Thursday) 10:30am-7pm Career Theme Days: Tech & Innovation Education Theme Days: Chinese mainland Date & Opening Hours: 24 February (Friday) 10:30am-7pm Career Theme Days: Arts Education Theme Days: Japan Date & Opening Hours: 25 February (Saturday) 10:30am-7pm Career Theme Days: Electrical and Mechanical Education Theme Days: Europe Date & Opening Hours: 26 February (Sunday) 10:30am-6pm Career Theme Days: Startup Education Theme Days: Australia and New Zealand Fair website: http://www.hktdc.com/hkeducationexpo/ Photo download: http://bit.ly/2lJMZhm Highlighted videos: Hong Kong Academy of Performing Arts: https://goo.gl/iex8z7 Bridal Academy: https://goo.gl/fFQHTt Hong Kong Federation of Youth Groups: https://goo.gl/ncPAc3 HK E&M Trade Working Group: https://goo.gl/znG4TO Media Registration: Media representatives wishing to cover the event may register on-site with their business cards and/or media identification. To view press releases in Chinese, please visit http://mediaroom.hktdc.com/tc About HKTDC Established in 1966, the Hong Kong Trade Development Council (HKTDC) is a statutory body dedicated to creating opportunities for Hong Kong's businesses. With more than 40 offices globally, including 13 on the Chinese mainland, the HKTDC promotes Hong Kong as a platform for doing business with China, Asia and the world. With 50 years of experience, the HKTDC organises international exhibitions, conferences and business missions to provide companies, particularly SMEs, with business opportunities on the mainland and in international markets, while providing information via trade publications, research reports and digital channels including the media room. For more information, please visit: www.hktdc.com/aboutus. Follow us on Google+, Twitter @hktdc, LinkedIn. Google+: https://plus.google.com/+hktdc Twitter: http://www.twitter.com/hktdc LinkedIn: http://www.linkedin.com/company/hong-kong-trade-development-council Contact:
News Article | December 14, 2016
HONG KONG, Dec. 14, 2016 /PRNewswire/ -- Hang Seng Management College (HSMC) held "Junzi Corporation Awards Presentation Ceremony 2016 cum Business Ethics Forum", an event with over four hundred guests for promoting the Confucian concept of "Junzi" and its five virtues, namely "Ren", "Yi", "Li", "Zhi", "Xin", in HSMC's campus on 28 November 2016. The event was officiated by Mr. Steven Ng, Chairman of Hong Kong General Chamber of Commerce and Chairman and Managing Director of The Wharf (Holdings) Limited, and Prof. Simon Ho, President of HSMC. Other guests include Dr. George Lam, Chairman of the Hong Kong Cyberport Management Company, Ms. Susanna Chiu, Director of Li & Fung Development (China) Limited and Dr. Ricky Szeto, Executive Director and General Manager of Hung Fook Tong Holdings. Besides the staff and students of HSMC, students from secondary schools (e.g., Ng Yuk Secondary School, Po Leung Kuk Wu Chung College, Yan Chai Hospital Tung Chi Ying Memorial Secondary School, Carmel Holy Word Secondary School and Confucian Tai Shing Ho Kwok Pu Chun College), also attended the event. Mr. Steven Ng said that collusion between business community and government for private gain will not be tolerated, but it should be encouraged if it is for Hong Kong's public interests. He noted that nowadays more and more companies start to provide services for public good. They assimilate into society to enhance communication and reduce boundaries. Companies contribute with both money and effort to cooperate with the social enterprises for a better Hong Kong. He believes that this trend in Hong Kong is gratifying, constructing a more positive relationship between the business sector and the society. Prof. Simon Ho, Dr. George Lam and representatives of the award-winning companies discussed about the importance of business ethics and the implications. Students from HSMC and the secondary schools were particularly concerned about and raised questions on how the award-winning corporations in different industries reflect the values of 'Junzi' and the five virtues in the daily operations. In answering their questions, the panelist gave practical examples to explain the considerations taken in upholding business ethics. Prof. Ho commented that the award-winning companies this year are exemplary since they could adhere to their beliefs and promote positive values even during economic downturns. Ms. Alison Ho, Director of Corporate Responsibility of Hang Seng Bank, emphasised the importance of communicating with customers to have better understanding in order to provide the most suitable services and build trust between each other. Mr. Benjamin Lee, Operations Manager of Hong Kong Tramways, said that the employees have made major contributions for the company to serve Hong Kong. Therefore, the company puts much efforts to employees' welfare and happiness, making they feel being in a warm family. Mr. Johnny Leung, General Manager of the "Star" Ferry Company, Limited, said that when a company enjoys competitive advantages, it should consider the interests of other stakeholders. In addition to maintaining the quality of service, establishing reputation and retaining the collective memories of the people of Hong Kong, it is also necessary to provide better and more diversified services. Dr. George Lam concluded that integrity of business practitioners is very important, being legal is the minimum requirements. Instead, companies should have a higher standard of conduct requirement. He also encouraged young entrepreneurs not to only promote themselves, but also to accurately reflect companies' development in the early stage of their business. "Through this event, we want to provide an opportunity for practitioners from award-winning corporations and scholars to engage in dialogues about the Confucius philosophy in relation to business ethics and best practices. It is encouraging for us to have the support from both the academic and business sectors. We are thankful for the joint effort in promoting the high standard of business ethics and particularly the funding support from Research Grants Council for setting up the Research Institute for Business to conduct business research and to disseminate findings benefiting to both the academia and the business community," said Dr. Felix Tang, Director of the Research Institute for Business and Chairperson of the Executive Committee of the Junzi Corporation Survey and Awards 2016. HSMC obtained funding from the Research Grants Council for setting up a Research Institute for Business (RIB) under the Institutional Development Scheme in 2016 (project code: UGC/IDS14/15). RIB aims to provide support and coordinate research efforts in business research so that HSMC can advance the understanding of business practice with a focus of local relevance. It organizes academic conference, seminars, workshops, and symposium to disseminate the research findings of HSMC. This year, RIB is the leading organizing unit of "Junzi Corporation Survey and Awards 2016", a large-scale public survey regarding business ethics at HSMC. HSMC has launched "Junzi Corporation Survey" for six years to promote the Confucian concept of "Junzi" and business ethics. Awarded companies were selected by Hong Kong people for their respectable business integrity. This year, survey teams formed by HSMC students, have surveyed around 2,100 Hong Kong citizens for their opinion about the extent to which corporations' actions are in accordance with the Confucian concepts of Junzi and its five virtues, namely "Ren", "Yi", "Li", "Zhi", "Xin". The industries included are public transport and services, media, retailing, financial services, food catering, property development and cultural and creative industries. Seventeen corporations are awarded in 2016, based on the survey result.
Ng E.M.W.,Hang Seng Management College
Computers and Education | Year: 2016
This study investigates whether self-regulated learning of pre-service early-childhood teachers is a viable pedagogy to improve the quality of their wiki-based projects. A total of 76 early-childhood pre-service teachers in their first year of study at a teacher training institute in Hong Kong participated in this study. The tasks involved were based on seven principles for supporting and developing self-regulated learning. The pre-service teachers formed groups to apply the skills and knowledge that were taught by the author by creating educational wiki sites for young children to learn about a topic of their choice. This was then followed by preliminary-self-assessment, class presentations of the wiki projects, peer assessment, revision of the projects and final-self-assessment. Indeed, the pre-service teachers' involvement in assessing wiki projects perfectly aligns with the collaborative spirit of authoring wiki projects. Quantitative data were collected using a questionnaire and the self- and peer assessment reports, whilst qualitative data were collected from a focus group held with six of the students. It is noteworthy that the students tended to be more demanding of themselves than of their classmates, as shown by a significant difference between preliminary-self-assessment and peer assessment in the scores for three out of four criteria (p value = 0.011). The mean for preliminary-self-made video was rated the lowest by preliminary-self-assessment but it was rated the highest by peers. Since the p-value is 0.024, which is less than 0.05, this difference is significant. The focus-group participants thought their peers and the teacher provided helpful feedback, but did not find the self-assessment particularly useful. Although the data from the questionnaires and focus groups show that the pre-service teachers considered formative assessment approaches helpful, and all the mean final-self-assessment scores improved, the differences between preliminary-self-assessment and final-self-assessment were not significant. The research findings show that the students were active wiki creators and assessors and yet they did not have enough confidence in themselves. © 2016 Elsevier Ltd.
Hui R.T.-Y.,Hang Seng Management College
Proceedings of 2015 IEEE International Conference on Teaching, Assessment and Learning for Engineering, TALE 2015 | Year: 2015
Coaching is commonly defined as a developmental practice which requires the coach to provide an informal, on-going form of goal-focused development aimed at improving and enhancing a person's performance. However, most of the previous human resource development studies examined coaching in face-to-face communication (FtFC), but fewer studies have looked at coaching in computer-mediated communication (CMC). This paper will focus on this untested concern which is how leaders appropriate the CMC to effectively coach their followers and thus regulate behavior and improve performance. More specifically, I examined the impacts of the leaders' coaching behaviors on their choice of media of coaching, thus influencing follower's work-related performances. Theoretical and managerial implications were discussed. © 2015 IEEE.
Choy S.K.,Hang Seng Management College |
Tang M.L.,Hong Kong Baptist University |
Tong C.S.,Hong Kong Baptist University
IEEE Transactions on Image Processing | Year: 2011
This paper presents a multiphase fuzzy region competition model that takes into account spatial and frequency information for image segmentation. In the proposed energy functional, each region is represented by a fuzzy membership function and a data fidelity term that measures the conformity of spatial and frequency data within each region to (generalized) Gaussian densities whose parameters are determined jointly with the segmentation process. Compared with the classical region competition model, our approach gives soft segmentation results via the fuzzy membership functions, and moreover, the use of frequency data provides additional region information that can improve the overall segmentation result. To efficiently solve the minimization of the energy functional, we adopt an alternate minimization procedure and make use of Chambolle's fast duality projection algorithm. We apply the proposed method to synthetic and natural textures as well as real-world natural images. Experimental results show that our proposed method has very promising segmentation performance compared with the current state-of-the-art approaches. © 2010 IEEE.
Jingjing M.,Hang Seng Management College
International Journal of Applied Linguistics and English Literature | Year: 2016
Despite the increasing popularity of peer feedback in EFL writing classrooms, little research has been conducted to explore how individual factors such as learner beliefs may influence L2 students’ use of peer feedback. From an ecological perspective (van Lier, 2000, 2004), this exploratory case study investigated the extent of peer feedback use by two purposefully-chosen Chinese EFL university students and how their use of feedback was mediated by learner beliefs, a salient factor that emerged from the study. Detailed qualitative data were collected from multiple sources: written documents, stimulated recall, semi-structured interviews, and classroom observations. The findings indicated that the two students integrated peer comments selectively into their revision across two tasks. The selective use of peer feedback was found to be mediated by writing beliefs related to qualities of good English expository writing, to the importance of word limit and to student reviewer roles. Seen from an ecological perspective (van Lier, 2000, 2004), these writing beliefs were employed by the students to create affordances to mediate the use of feedback while some of these beliefs were shaped by local classroom affordances (Peng, 2011). Pedagogical implications of the findings are also discussed. © 2016, Australian International Academic Centre PTY LTD. All rights reserved.
Jim C.Y.,University of Hong Kong |
Chan M.W.H.,Hang Seng Management College
Urban Forestry and Urban Greening | Year: 2016
Hong Kong has developed an ultra-dense urban form dominated by buildings and roads with inadequate urban greenspace (UGS). Analyzing the fundamental constraints to UGS provision offers hints for improvements which are relevant to other compact cities. Twenty-five current issues regarding institutional and spatial limitations were evaluated with reference to three themes: open-space planning standards, urban-design guidelines and urban-greening governance. They were studied by interpreting relevant parts of government documents spanning the 1980s to 2015, map analysis, and field assessments. UGS standards of selected cities, and extensive research findings and practices reported in the literature specific to the respective constraints, have been enlisted for comparison and as the basis for formulating recommendations to improve delivery quantity and quality. The low local supply at merely 2.84 m2/person is tied down by outdated planning standards and policies which have remained unchanged for eight decades. UGS planning, design and management could be enhanced based on urban ecology and landscape ecology principles and best international practices, with suitable adjustments catering to local circumstances and the inordinately tight urban fabric. The package of suggested solutions in relation to the 25 institutional and spatial constraints could be considered for applications in other cities with compact precincts or undergoing densification to forestall problems and resolve difficulties. © 2016 Elsevier GmbH.
Wu Z.,Chinese University of Hong Kong |
Xu G.,Chinese University of Hong Kong |
Weinreb R.N.,University of California at San Diego |
Yu M.,Chinese University of Hong Kong |
And 2 more authors.
Ophthalmology | Year: 2015
Purpose To evaluate long-term, longitudinal displacement of the optic nerve head (ONH) and anterior lamina cribrosa surfaces in glaucoma patients imaged with spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (SD OCT). Design Prospective study. Participants A total of 173 eyes of 108 subjects (88 with glaucoma and 20 normal subjects) followed for a mean of 5.3 years. Methods The optic disc was imaged with SD OCT at approximately 4-month intervals, and the ONH surface depth (ONHSD), anterior lamina cribrosa surface depth (ALCSD), and prelaminar tissue thickness (PTT) were measured. The reproducibility coefficients of ONHSD, ALCSD, and PTT were calculated from 2 baseline measurements of the glaucoma group. Change in ONHSD/ALCSD/PTT was confirmed when the differences between the first baseline and the latest 2 consecutive follow-up visits were greater than the corresponding reproducibility coefficient. Factors associated with ONHSD and ALCSD changes were identified with linear mixed modeling. Main Outcome Measures Proportion of eyes with ONHSD/ALCSD change. Results Within the glaucoma group, 23.9% (33 eyes) had confirmed ONHSD change (15.2% with posterior and 8.7% with anterior displacement) and 24.6% (34 eyes) had confirmed ALCSD change (12.3% with posterior and 12.3% with anterior displacement). Some 9.4% (13 eyes) showed a decrease in PTT, and 2.2% (3 eyes) showed an increase in PTT. The specificity for detection of ONHSD/ALCSD/PTT change was 91.4% (95% confidence interval [CI], 77.6-97.0), 82.9% (95% CI, 67.3-91.9), and 94.3% (95% CI, 81.4-98.4), respectively. There were no significant differences in the proportion of eyes with visual field progression or history of filtration surgery between the groups with anterior and posterior displacement of ONH/anterior laminar surfaces (P ≥ 0.678). For each millimeter of mercury increase in the average intraocular pressure (IOP) during follow-up, the ONH and anterior laminar surfaces displaced posteriorly by 1.6 μm and 2.0 μm, respectively. An older age was associated with a decrease in magnitude of posterior displacement of the ONH and anterior laminar surfaces (P ≤ 0.009). Conclusions The ONH and anterior laminar surfaces displaced not only posteriorly but also anteriorly (with reference to Bruch's membrane opening) in a significant portion of glaucoma patients. The magnitude of change was related to age and the averaged IOP during follow-up. © 2015 American Academy of Ophthalmology.
Wong R.S.,Hang Seng Management College
Lecture Notes in Business Information Processing | Year: 2015
Past studies have shown that Door-in-the-face tactics can induce compliance from negotiators. This research examines the hidden costs of the use of the Door-in-the-face tactic in dyadic negotiations. It shows that learning about opponents’ use of this tactic affects negotiators’ feelings of mistreatment and their behaviours in the subsequent negotiation. It also induces negotiators’ covert, retaliatory behaviour. The results showed that negotiators who had dealt with opponents using the Door-in-the-face tactic made larger demands and attained higher outcomes in the subsequent negotiation. It was also found that feelings of mistreatment by opponents tended to spread over into future negotiations. Feelings of mistreatment mediated the effect of opponents’ use of Doorin-the-face tactics on covert retaliation. Implications of results are discussed and directions for future research are given. © Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2015.